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Time perception

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Percepción del tiempo
Varía de acuerdo a cada cultura. En algunos casos se supone que siempre estemos a tiempo, en otras se llega tarde por costumbre.

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Tiempo linear
Es al que más estamos acostumbrados en occidente. Los eventos suceden uno tras otro desde el presente que ya concluyó hasta el futuro que está por venir.

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Deadlines
Para los alemanes un deadline es algo que ya pasó, algo para lo que están llegando tarde, mientras que para los españoles es algo que está por venir.

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Tiempo cíclico
Es común verlo en la cultura japonesa, en donde todo tiene su propio ciclo y vuelve al principio. Quizás en un diferente nivel, pero vuelve a su punto de partida.

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Percepción China
Para los chinos el presente está en frente de nosotros, porque ya lo conocemos y entonces lo podemos ver. Sin embargo el futuro no lo conocemos, por eso está detrás nuestro.

Time perception is different depends on the culture, and it is important to understand and taken into account for working; specially in planning, schedules, deadlines and meetings.
 

  • Linear Time: Past → Present → Future. Common in the Occident.


     
  • Deadlines: It is important to be on time, to observe and to understand how our colleagues perceive the deadlines.

     
  • Cyclic time: Japanese culture. Here, everything comeback to the beginning.

     
  • Chinese perception of time: The future is behind us because it is unknown. The past is in front of us, in fact, we know it.

Muy buen ejemplo el de las deadlines, y es así, para nosotros por nuestra herencia hispana significa que aun nos queda mucho tiempo

Frente a la percepción del tiempo en China: El pasado esta al frente porque todo es un ciclo que ya aconteció (contrastandolas con la cultura Colombiana, las mismas historias trágicas o felicidad siguen siendo eso mismo las mismas. Con los valores que ellos tienen se podrían catalogarlo como una replica exacta) Mientras que el futuro esta en el pasado y esto lo asimilo, como cuando nosotros al poder recordar nuestras anécdotas podemos modificar el comportamiento que tuvimos (aprender, estudiar y alterar así sea por inducción a la imaginación o la creatividad) o según la neurociencia alterar nuestros recuerdos

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The future

Becoming means being as a process; all the ways of becoming, change, happening, becoming, movement, etc.

The fact that all things change is what causes the need to find a principle that explains it, because the change is incomprehensible to reason.

The Pythagoreans tried to find the principle of multiple and becoming in mathematical relationships.

Heraclitus identified becoming with being. The becoming of Heraclitus is pure flow subject to the law of measure.

For Parmenides, since becoming is opposite to reason, it is purely an appearance, because true being is immobile.

For Empedocles, becoming is the change of qualities, while Democritus understands it in a quantitative sense and maintains that it is a displacement of atoms in themselves invariable, over an indeterminate extension.

In Plato, becoming is a property of things and they are a reflection of ideas. Only the immobility of being is real.

For Aristotle, becoming is a fact that cannot be denied or reduced to other facts;

Saint Thomas points out that becoming is the actualization of power.

In certain modern philosophies becoming is considered the motor of all movement and as the only explanation for all change; but traditional ontology, both Greek and scholastic, is considered too static.

This new dynamism is found in some Renaissance philosophies but with greater maturity it is revealed in romantic thought, manifesting itself in two ways: as an affirmation of becoming or as an attempt to rationalize becoming in some way.

An example of this last position is found in Hegel, for whom becoming represents the overcoming of pure being and pure nothingness, which are ultimately identical.

Hegel says that what is true is neither being nor nothing but the fact that being becomes nothing, each disappearing into its opposite.

Hegel’s truth is consequently this movement of immediate disappearing from one into the other; becoming as movement, in which both terms are different but with a slight difference, which at the same time dissolves immediately.

Hegel, in “The Science of Logic”, further affirms that this becoming, as a unity of being and nothingness, is this determined unity in which both nothingness and being are found.

Source: “Dictionary of abbreviated philosophy”, José Ferrater Mora.