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Third Conditional and a Review of Other Conditionals

4/21
Recursos

Hablar queremos hablar de cosas que no sucedieron en el pasado, arrepentimientos o cr铆ticas por cosas que no se hicieron, podemos usar el tercer condicional para expresar esas acciones que podr铆amos haber hecho mejor para obtener otro tipo de resultado en el presente.

Qu茅 es el tercer condicional del ingl茅s

Tal vez te arrepientas de no haber tomado un taxi y llegaste tarde a una entrevista, o tu mejor amiga no estudio lo suficiente y reprob贸 el examen. Expresar qu茅 se podr铆an haber realizado en el pasado para obtener mejores resultados en el presente, situaciones que ya no podemos cambiar y que nos gustar铆a, para eso utilizamos el tercer condicional del ingl茅s.

La f贸rmula que utilizaremos se divide en dos cl谩usulas, una para expresar qu茅 podr铆amos haber realizado mejor con if, y otra para explicar las consecuencias si hubi茅ramos hecho eso. Ambas cl谩usulas son intercambiables, puedes expresarlas en el orden que prefieras.

Formula: if + past perfect (had + past participle), would have + past participle

  • If he had taken* a taxi, he would have arrived* on time for his flight. (脡l no tom贸 un taxi y no logr贸 llegar temprano a su vuelvo, probablemente est茅 arrepentido)

Veamos algunos ejemplos m谩s:

  • If you had studied* harder, you would have received* better scores.
  • If you had driven* slower, you would have avoided* the accident.
  • If we had booked* a table, we would not have waited* so long.
  • He would have made* a better website, if he had spent* more time checking his code.

Con el tercer condicional puedes expresar arrepentimiento sobre acciones no realizadas, o cr铆ticas hacia otra persona por acciones que no llev贸 a cabo y podr铆a haber realizado mejor. Aunque ten cuidado de no ser tan duro cuando le expreses a alguien m谩s tus pensamientos.


Contribuci贸n creada por: Kevin Fiorentino (Platzi Contributor).

Aportes 215

Preguntas 11

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

We use Third Conditional when:
鈼 We talk about things that did NOT happen.
鈼 Often used to express past consequences of unrealistic situations.

Let鈥檚 look at this example:
鈼 If he had taken a taxi, he would have arrived on time for his flight.
Note that: he did not take the taxi, he did not arrive on time for his flight, and he probably regret the situation.

Structure:
if + past perfect (had + past participle)

Examples:
鈼 If you had studied harder, you would have received better scores.
鈼 If you had driven slower, you would have avoided the accident.
鈼 If we had booked a table, we would not have waited so long.
鈼 He would have made a better website if he had spent more time checking his code.

Practice:
If you had remembered the charger, you would have attended the workshop.
From the worksheet
鈼 Hey buddy, if you had not played the videos without taking notes, you would have approved that exam.
鈼 I would have arrived on time for the interview if I had put the keys on the center table.
鈼 If I had taken a look at the weather predictions, I will have carried the umbrella, now I鈥檓 going to get wet.
鈼 If you had quit that addiction, I will have lent that money to you, but I have no confidence in you.
鈼 You would have landed on time for the interview if you had taken that Uber despite the high bill during the rush hour.

If your friend hadn't forgetten the laptop charger, he would have attended the workshop at the university.

Workshop answers:

  1. If you had studied harder from the beginning, you wouldn鈥檛 have failed that important exam.
  2. I would have arrived on time for the interview, if I had not misplaced the keys again.
  3. If I had not forgotten my umbrella, I would have been dry by now.
  4. I would have lent you money, if you had not lied to me before.
  5. If you had taken an uber before rush hour, you would not have missed the interview.
  1. If he had saved money, he would have been able to buy the car he wanted.
  2. If I hadn鈥檛 forgotten my homework, I would have gotten a good grade.
  3. Ariana would have danced if she hadn鈥檛 broken her leg.

This was my answer:

You would have attended the workshop at the university if you had not forgotten your charger at home

1.If I had practiced more I would have done well in the tournament

2.you would have died if you hadn鈥檛 eaten

3.if she had seen the message she wouldn鈥檛 have been mad

1.If he had eaten at midday, he would not have been hungry in the afternoon.
2. If I had studied more, I would have gotten a better grade.
3. We would have gone to the supermarket, if you had come earlier.

Best teacher by far鈥 keep making your class so entertaining.

  1. If he had saved money, he would have been able to buy the car he wanted.
  2. We would have gone to the supermarket, if you had come earlier.
  3. If she had knew that there was a homework, she would have done it.
  1. If I have time, I will do the homework
  2. If it is sunny tomorrow, I will have a picnic.
  3. If I hadn鈥檛 forgotten my keys, I would have gone by car

1- If I had a credit card, I would have pay for netflix.
2- If he had a car, he would have go out for vacations
3- If she had the correct answers, she would have pass the exam

  1. If you had told the child the story, he would have fallen asleep faster.
  2. He wouldn鈥檛 have done that nonsense if they had told him the truth.
  3. If she hadn鈥檛 sung the song in the contest, she wouldn鈥檛 have become famous.
  1. If she had studied the exam, she would have passed the exam
  2. If he had loved me, I would have been happy.
  3. You would have enjoyed the party if you had gone.

1- If I had had good grades I would have gotten a scholarship.
2- I would have bought a new cellphone if I had saved enough money.
3- If you hadn鈥檛 come, you would have missed the movie.

  • If you had brought the laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop at the university.
You would have attended the workshop, if you hadn't forgotten the laptop charger

Third Conditional Structure

  • If + Past Perfect (had + past participle)
  • Main clause = would have + past participle

i.e.

  1. If she had walked faster she would have gotten the bus.
  2. If we had practiced more, we would have done a better performance.
  3. He would have attended to the workshop at the university if he hadn鈥檛 forgotten his laptop charger at home

I understand it But I think it鈥檚 kinda difficult to use it

* If you had not forgotten to bring your charger, you wouldn't have missed the workshop.
  • If you had studied harder, you would have passed that important exam.
  • If you hadn鈥檛 misplaced your key, you would have arrived on time for the interview.
  • If you had remembered to bring your umbrella, you would haven鈥檛 wet.
  • If you hadn鈥檛 lied me, I would have lent money.
  • If you had taken an uber, you would haven鈥檛 arrived late for the interview.
If you had not forgotten your laptop charger at home, we would have attended the workshop.
If you had brought your laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop at the university.
  • If I had studied english in my youth, I would have gone a better job

My answer: you would have attended a workshop at the university if you don鈥檛 had forgotten the laptop charger at home.
This is right? send me feedback 馃槃

My activity:

  • If you had studied more, you wouldn鈥檛 have failed the exam.

  • If I hadn鈥檛 lost my keys, I would have been on time for the interview.

  • If I hadn鈥檛 forgotten my umbrella, I wouldn鈥檛 have gotten wet on the way home.

  • I would have lent you money, if you hadn鈥檛 lied to me in the past.

  • You wouldn鈥檛 have been late for your interview, if you had taken an Uber during rush hour instead of the bus.

My example: If you hand鈥檛 forgotten your laptop charger at home, you would have attended the workshop.

If you had organizado your things the last night, you would have chargerd your laptop and did your meeting

If you had not forgotten your laptop charger, we would have attended the workshop at the university.

If he hadn鈥檛 forgotten his laptop charger at home, he would have attended the workshop at University.

Exercise

  • If you had brought your laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop

If you had studied better, you would not have failed an important exam.

if you had not lost your keys again, you would have been on time for an interview.

if you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your umbrella, you would have gone to the supermarket.

If you hadn鈥檛 lied to me before, I would have lent you the money

if you had taken an uber, you wouldn鈥檛 have been late for an interview.

If you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your laptop charger, you would have attended a workshop at the university.

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL:

  1. Your friend failed an important exam. (criticize)
    If you had studied harder, you wouldn麓t fail that exam.

  2. You misplaced your keys again and can鈥檛 arrive on time for an interview.
    (regret)
    If you hadn麓t misplaced your keys, you would have arrived on time for your interview.

  3. It鈥檚 raining heavily and you forgot your umbrella. (regret)
    You have not arrived this wet if you hadn麓t forgotten your umbrella.

  4. Your friend is asking you to lend them money, but they have lied to you in
    the past. (criticise)
    If you hadn麓t lied about the payment day last time, I would have borrowed the money to you.

  5. Your friend was late for an interview because they didn鈥檛 take an uber
    during rush hour. (criticise)

He would have arrived on time for the interview if he had taken an Uber.

If you hadn麓t forgotten your laptop charger at home, you would have attended the university workshop.

  1. If you had remembered your charger, you would have participated in the workshop at the university.
  • You would have participated in the workshop at the university if you had remembered your charger
  • If you had woken up early, you would have more time to check all your stuff before to left

If he hadn鈥檛 forgotten his laptop charger, he would have attended to the workshop

if you would have attentioned your you had n麓tforgotten the charge and you would have attended the workshop

  • If he had bringed his laptop charger, he would have attended to the workshop at the university.

If I had been ready on time, I would have arrived on time.

If you had studied harder, you would have passed the exam.
If I had placed my keys in the correct place, I would have arrived on time for my interview.
If only I had brought my umbrella with me, I wouldn鈥檛 have gotten wet.
If you had paid me the money I lent you a year ago, I would have lend you the money you need this time
You would have arrived on time for your interview, If you had taken the uber as I told you

  1. Your friend failed an important exam. (criticise)
    R: If my friend had studied more time he would pasted the exam

  2. You misplaced your keys again and can鈥檛 arrive on time for an interview. (regret)
    R: If only i hadn鈥檛 misplaced my keys i would have arreived on time for the interview

  3. It鈥檚 raining heavily and you forgot your umbrella. (regret)
    R: If i had remembered to bring the umbrella, i would not have gotten wet

  4. Your friend is asking you to lend them money, but they have lied to you in the past. (criticise)
    R: If you had been honest with me, i would have lended you the money

  5. Your friend was late for an interview because they didn鈥檛 take an uber during rush hour. (criticise)
    R: If you had taken the uber like i told you, you would have made it on time for the interview

wow it鈥檚 just starting the course and i all ready amazed by this teacher! The best teacher ever!

If you had not forgotten to bring your laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop at the university.

If he had woken up earlier, he would have forgotten his laptop charger

Here my exercise:

  1. Your friend failed an important exam. (criticise)
    1.- If you had studied more, you would have passed the exam.

  2. You misplaced your keys again and can鈥檛 arrive on time for an interview. (regret)
    2.- If I hadn鈥檛 lost my keys, I would have arrived on time for my interview.

  3. It鈥檚 raining heavily and you forgot your umbrella. (regret)
    3.- If I had known it was going to rain, I would have brought my umbrella.

  4. Your friend is asking you to lend them money, but they have lied to you in the past. (criticise)
    4.- I would have lent you money If you hadn鈥檛 lied to me in the past.

  5. Your friend was late for an interview because they didn鈥檛 take an uber during rush hour. (criticise)
    5.- You would have been early for the interview If you had taken an uber during rush hour.

If my friend had鈥檔t forgot his charger at home, he could鈥檝e attend the workshop at the university

If you hadn鈥檛 been so clueless, you would have attended this amazing workshop!

if you had not leaved your laptop in your home, you have attended a workshop at the university

If a had thought that I would have to study at the sofa, I wouldn鈥檛 have come to your house. (not an example)

You would have attended your workshop, if you had remembered to bring your charger

If you had kept ypur charger on your backpack, you would have attended your workshop at the university

My possibles answers:

  • If you hadn鈥檛 removed your charger from your briefcase last night, you would have participated in the workshop.

  • If you had unplugged your charger and laptop together this morning, you wouldn鈥檛 have given up for the workshop.

SUMMARY:
There are FOUR conditional: cero, first, second and third.

  • ZERO conditional is used when something is always true. For example: if you heat ice, it melts.

  • FIRST conditional example: if I eat a lot of junk food, I will gain weight.

  • SECOND conditional are possibilities UNLIKELY or IMPROBABLE in the FUTURE. For example: if I won a million dollars, I would travel the world. If I saw an alien, I would run.

  • THIRD CONDITIONAL is used to talk about thighs that DIDN鈥橳 HAPPEN in the PAST. It expresses consequences of UNREALISTIC SITUATION. It鈥檚 all about PERSPECTIVE.
    Structure:
    If CLAUSE & MAIN CLAUSE (clause and main clause never happened. There are some repentance about this situation ). These clauses can change their order.
    Clause: IF + PAST PERFECT (HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE )
    Main Clause: WOULD HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE.
    For example: If he had taken a taxi, he would have arrived on time for his flight.

If he had not forgotten his laptot charger, he would have attended the workshop at the university

I you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your laptop chager you would have attended the workshop at the university

You would have not missed the workshop if you had packed your laptotp charger

If your friend had not forgotten his laptop cherger at home, he would have attendes a workshop at the University.

If you have not forgotten your laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop.

If you had brought the laptop charger, you would not have missed the workshop

  1. Your friend failed an important exam. (criticise)
    If you had slept well, you would have approved the exam.
  2. You misplaced your keys again and can鈥檛 arrive on time for an interview.
    (regret)
    If I had kept my keys in the same pocket, I would have arrived on time for my interview.
  3. It鈥檚 raining heavily and you forgot your umbrella. (regret)
    If I had observed the nature, I would have brought my umbrella.
  4. Your friend is asking you to lend them money, but they have lied to you in
    the past. (criticise)
    If I had had true friends, I wouldn鈥檛 have mistrusted people, and I would have lent them money.
  5. Your friend was late for an interview because they didn鈥檛 take an uber
    during rush hour. (criticise)
    If they had organized their time, they wouldn鈥檛 have arrived late for an interview.

if you had brought the laptop charger, you would have attend the workshop

if you had packed your laptop charger yesterday in the night , you would have attend a workshop.

if my friend had not forgotten his charger at home, he would have attended to the workshop

My examples

  • If you hadn鈥檛 gone so soon, you would have taken the bus and arrived on time.
  • You wouldn鈥檛 have wasted so much time if you had attended this the week before.
  • My brother would have traveled over hundred cities if he had studied English.
  • If my sister had taken her pet to the veterinarian, she could have saved him.

If you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your laptop charger at home, you would have attended the workshop at the university

if my friend had checked his bag before he leaved the house he would have noted that he didn麓t has his charger.

  • If your friend had studied enough, he would have passed the exam.
  • You would have arrived on time to this interview, If you had putted the key in the same place.
  • If you had seen the weather channel last night, you would have grabbed an umbrella.
  • If he hadn鈥檛 lied in the past, they would have borrowed some money again.
  • He would have arrived early, If he had taken an UBER in rush hours.
  • If he hadn鈥檛 forgotten his laptop charger at home, he would have attended a workshop at the university.

if he had studied for his exam he would have passed the exam
If I hadn鈥檛 forgotten where I left my keys, I would have made it to the interview on time.
I wouldn鈥檛 have gotten wet if I hadn鈥檛 forgotten my umbrella
If they hadn鈥檛 lied to me (in the past) I would have lent them money.
they would not have been late for the interview, if they had taken an uber during rush hour

You could have attended the workshop at the university, if you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your laptop charger at home.

You would have attended the workshop, if you had not forgotten your laptop charger at home.

  • If he had set a reminder, He would not have forgotten the laptop charger.

If my friend had not forgotten his laptop charger, he would have attended the workshop at the university.

Oh, my friend! if you had not forgotten the laptop charger at home you would have attended a workshop at the university.

If my friend had not forgotten his laptop charger at home, he would have attended a worshop at the university.

hi!

If it had rained, you would have gotten wet.
You would have gotten wet if it had rained.
You would have passed your exam if you had worked harder.

If you hadn麓t forgotten to bring your laptop charger, you would have attended a workshop at the university

If my friend hadn鈥檛 forgotten his laptop at home, He would have attended the workshop at the university.

Worksheet

  • If you had studied everything you saw in class, you would not have failed that important exam.
  • Luisa would have arrived on time for the interview, if she hadn麓t misplaced her keys again.
  • I wouldn鈥檛 have gotten wet, if I hadn鈥檛 forgotten my umbrella
  • I would lend you money, if you hadn鈥檛 lied to me in the past.
  • If you had taken the uber before rush hour, you would have been on time for your interview.

Another example

馃憤馃憤

Thanks for the class

1.If he had eaten at midday, he would not have been hungry in the afternoon.
2. If I had studied more, I would have gotten a better grade.
3. We would have gone to the supermarket, if you had come earlie

If you had not forgotten the charger, you would have attended to the workshop.

We use the third conditional when:
鈼 We talk about things that didn鈥檛 happen.
鈼 Que ha is often used to express past consequences of unrealistic situations.

good

You would have attended the workshop and learned the topics you were waiting the most if you had used your laptop, but you forgot your charger

Lit 馃槂))

If you hadn鈥檛 forgotten your laptop charger, you would have attended the workshop.

Thank you
  • if you had passed the exam,your mother wouldn鈥檛 have punished you
  • if i had been less and less forgetful i wouldn鈥檛 have lost my kyes and i had arrived on time to my interview
  • if i had brought my umbrella i wouldn鈥檛 have wet heavily
  • i would have lent you money if you hadn鈥檛 been so liers before
  • if you had taken an uber during rush hour. you wouldn鈥檛 have been late

if you would not have forgotten your laptop charger at home
we had could attend the workshop at the university.

If you had not forgotten your laptop charger at home, You would have attend the workshop at U

Very good

if you **had forgotten **the laptop charger, We would had attended the workshop at the university.

its very interesting*

Workshop answers:

If you had studied harder from the beginning, you wouldn鈥檛 have failed that important exam.
I would have arrived on time for the interview, if I had not misplaced the keys again.
If I had not forgotten my umbrella, I would have been dry by now.
I would have lent you money, if you had not lied to me before.
If you had taken an uber before rush hour, you would not have missed the interview.
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