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Hypothetical situations with Past Perfect

7/21
Recursos

El tiempo verbal pasado perfecto es tambi茅n conocido como 鈥渆l pasado del pasado鈥. No permite hablar de eventos ocurridos en el pasado, antes de otro evento, tambi茅n del pasado. Se trata de un tiempo verbal que incluso nos permite hablar de situaciones hipot茅ticas o imaginarias ocurridas antes que otra situaci贸n.

Repaso del pasado perfecto

Situaciones hipot茅ticas con pasado perfecto

As铆 como podemos hablar de situaciones hipot茅ticas con pasado simple, tambi茅n podemos hacerlo con el pasado perfecto con una estructura gramatical muy similar. Haremos uso de las expresiones 鈥渁s if鈥 y 鈥渁s though鈥, junto con la f贸rmula had + past participle.

Veamos algunos ejemplos:

  • My colleague looked as if had worked all night.
  • I sent her a message. But my friend seemed as though she hadn鈥檛 checked her messages.
  • My friend looked at me as if I had done something horrible.
  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

Utiliza este vocabulario para hablar del pasado, del pasado, de una forma hipot茅tica de cosas que no sucedieron en realidad o comparar situaciones. Puede parecer algo confuso y complejo hablar de eventos ocurridos antes que otros de forma hipot茅tica, te animo a crear tus propias oraciones sobre hechos ocurridos en el pasado para practicar.


Contribuci贸n creada por: Kevin Fiorentino (Platzi Contributor).

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o inicia sesi贸n.

The past perfect is used to talk about events that happened earlier than another early moment. The past of the past.
Structure: had + past participle

So as we saw, we can use 鈥渁s if鈥 and 鈥渁s though鈥 to talk about hypothetical situations with the past perfect.

Examples:
鈼 My colleague looked as if he had worked all night.
鈼 I sent her a message. But my friend seemed as though she hadn鈥檛 checked her messages.
鈼 My friends looked at me as if I had done something horrible.

Practice
鈼 I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.
鈼 My friend called at me as if she had worried about something.
鈼 I went to the beach earlier today. I swam as if I had drunk a ton of those energy drinks.
鈼 My family did a warm welcome as if she had been lost for a year.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he forgotten about our meeting.

  • He looked at me as if he hadn麓t seen me before.
  • I ate this meal as though I hadn麓t eaten for a long time
  • She arrived late at the meeting as if she had any permission to interrup us
  • He screamed as if he had seen a ghost.
  • The dog behaved as though he had drunk a energy drink.
  • I entered the room as if i hadn鈥檛 heard their conversation.
  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
  • I sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message
  • He told her about the task, but she didn鈥檛 make it as if she hadn鈥檛 remembered

The meeting was excellent, It looked as if they had met us before

They were giving a really good speech as though they had practiced many times before

My coworker had outstanding coding skills as if he had coded since an early age

My best friend spoke English as if she had taken many courses

  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.
  • I gave food to my dog, but it seem as if he had had a stomachache because he didn鈥檛 want to eat.
  • I tried to on the stove, but looks liked as though it hadn鈥檛 had gas on it.
  • She said that she was vegetarian, but once when I take her to the restaurant, she eat meat as if she had been carnivorous.

馃榿

You are an excellent teacher!!!

* I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.
My boyfriend sounded as though he had been angry all the day. My mom take the taxi as if she had runned from something The mayor talked as though he had planned all this show
I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had fogotten our meeting
  • He couldn鈥檛 finish his internship as though he had given it up.
  • She arrived on time as if she had run fast to get there.
  • The team won the game as though they had practiced the whole week before the game.
  • The date was perfect I feel as if we had met before.

  • My brother looked as if he hadn鈥檛 put food to my cat.

It seemed as if he had watched a horrible movie.
I went to he airport to meet a friend, and It seemd as though he had forgotten our meeting.
She lookd as if she had studied all night.

My examples:

  • When I saw my brother, he seemed as if he had told a lie to my mom.

  • I called my boyfriend. But it sounded as though he had been busy with work.

  • I greeted my friend. But she looked as if she hadn鈥檛 recognized me.

  • My neighbor looked as if he had a bad day.
  • I talked to my brother about the present, but it seemed that he had forgotten about Cristina birthday.

Let鈥檚 practice!

  • The computer smelled as if it had burned.
  • Esteban looked as if he hadn鈥檛 liked the proposal.
  • Ana sounded as if she hadn鈥檛 wanted to visit the town.
  • She kissed me as though she had waited for this time too long.
  • He behaved as if He had not cared about our last conversation.
  • It sounded as though it had had a change in its software.

we saw her yesterday, and seemed as though she had sleep few hours.

I confirmen the time with him. But it sounded as if/as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

Activiy


  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
  • This water tastes as if you had taken it from the tap
  • She was acting as if she were very angry at us
  • My father was talking as if he didn鈥檛 take care at all

I got to the place, but it looks as though it had closed.

I enjoyed last night as if it had been our last time on earth.

We danced as well as if we had done it before.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

Sarah used to call me frequently, but this month I haven麓t received any calls from her. It seems as if she had spoken with her toxic ex-boyfriend.

When I was presenting my bachelor鈥檚 thesis, it seems as if my editor had seen a ghost. His face was white as paper.

My boss worked all night in his office, as though he had fogotten about the financial cuts.

  • It looked as if she had studied hard. She was confident about the exam!
  • It sounded as if he had fought with his wife, he was very rude to us!
  • Before going to Vancouver, it looked as though they had slept all night.
  • She texted me a lot as though she had really felt something for me.

  • He ate a lot as if he had paid the bill.

  • My friend looked angry as though I did something wrong.

  • you looked as if you had done homework all afternoon

  • I confirmed the time with him, But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

  • she sang as if she had been obligate

  • we played the final as though we had trained all week

  • my boss asked me many task as if he had payed a lot of money

I invited him to going out tonight, but it looked as if he had forgotten our dinner.
My boss confirmed my day off, but it appeared as if I had forgotten the day.

Practice Time

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

Extra exercise:

  • People reacted as if we had given a great show.
  • The car dropped oil as if we hadn鈥檛 fixed it.
  • The director congratulated me as if I had done a great job.

Practice Time

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

This morning when I saw her, it was as if I had done something bad to her.
Last friday trip to the cinema was as if we hadn鈥檛 gone. The movie had already started an hour ago, so we barely saw the end.
The exam was so difficult as if we hadn鈥檛 studied at all.

路 I sent the email since friday, but it seems as if everyone had gone on vacation.

路 Jess asked us to leave some sentences as if we had understood the course (it鈥檚 a joke, i do understand the class鈥 i guess鈥︷煒)

路 My computer turned off as if i had opened a lot of programs.

They agreed with the new proposal. But during the meeting it looked as though they had changed their minds!
  1. He behaves as if had done something bad
  2. Morning has been very warm it looks as if had been on Summer
  3. I lost all my feelings for him, as if I had never met him.
  • He looked so strong as though he had worked out for years.
  • He was so happy as if he had won the lottery.
  • She answered the test as though she had known the answers.
  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten the meeting.

  1. I was mad at my sister, as if I had missed we were on a falling out.
  2. I carried my laptop to a coffee shop, when I arrived I regretted myself as though I had left my charger at home.
  3. I woke up too late this Sunday as if I had confused the day and forgot my yoga practice.

The boy said that she had studied a lot, but the results showed as if he had been distracted the most of study time.
Ana sang in front of her friends as if she had sung professionality all her life.
Peter had a lot of fear before coming into the cinema as if he had never seen some horror films.

  • PAST PERFECT is used to talk about events that happened earlier than a particular time in the past. The past of the past.
    Structure : HAD + PAST PARTICIPLE.

  • AS IF / AS THOUGH: hypothetical situations that may have happened before an event in the past because we鈥檙e not 100 % sure that it did happen.

i confirmed the time with him. but it sounded as if he had forgotten our meeting

she told him about the cleaning of the house but she played all the day as if he had forgotten

My friend received a good new from work but she looked as if it is not something good

  • I speak really good English in my mind, but when I speak out loud, it seems as if I had never studied. Lol.
  • I sent my car to the mechanics. And when I went to pick it up, it seemed as though it had never been broken.
  • My dog always eat as if she had never eaten in her life.
  • My dog always greets me as if she had never seen me.

*I acorded with my friend a meeting for this time and in this place but he doesn鈥檛 here, looked as if he had lost of to arrive.
*I organized a match of soccer with my friends for this evening but several of them already canceled me, looked as if they had tired fo go it.
*I had a party for the night of yesterday but the night not looked as if wasa a good night, for it I don鈥檛 went.

The car looked as if he had washed it.
My cat looked as though he had been sick for hours.
I did my homework as if I had paid attention in class.

Hypothetical? Got ya!

  • He checked my answers as if I had copied.
  • She saw him as if she had found the love of her life.
  • Mary bought this computer as if there hadn鈥檛 had any other!
  • Your cousin caused all this mess as though he had been trying to make us pay for鈥

**Examples of Hypothetical situations with Past Perfect
**
He looked as if he had forgotten our project

She looked as though she had broken up with his boy friend

she acted as if she had known me her whole life

1 my wife looked as if she had forgotten our anniversary
2 my best friend looked as if his girfriend had broken with him.
3 he looked as if he had trained for a lot of time.

I confirmed the time with him. but it sounded as though he had fogotten our metting.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

I bought a gift for my sister. But she looked at me as if it had not liked her.
My cat is naughty. It looked at me as if it hadn鈥檛 anything.
My dog ate a lot. It seemed as if it hadn鈥檛 eaten in days.

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
I sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message

hi!

  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting.

馃憤

hiiiiii

I confirmed the time with her. But it sounded like he had forgotten about our meeting.
Yesterday I sent the recipe to my cousin, but he doesn鈥檛 answer me as if he hadn鈥檛 seen the message.

good

My parents looked at him as if he had stolen the crown.

馃憦

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
I sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message
He told her about the task, but she didn鈥檛 make it as if she hadn鈥檛 remembered

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
I sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message
He told her about the task, but she didn鈥檛 make it as if she hadn鈥檛 remembered

good

My mother was so happy as if she had never ridden a bike.
I called him yesterday. But he seemed as if he had been very busy.
He was studying so hard as if he hadn鈥檛 learned anything in the whole semester.

1

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

I turned on my laptop. But the screen looked as if something shattered it

I called him to verify some prices. But he sounded as if he had drunk and entire bottle of vodka

  1. I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meetingI sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he forgotten about our meeting.
He looked at me as if he hadn麓t seen me before.
I ate this meal as though I hadn麓t eaten for a long time

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The past perfect is used to talk about events that happened earlier than another early moment. The past of the past.
Structure: had + past participle

I confirmed the time with him.But it sounded if he had lost his watch.

its dificult

I confirmed the time with him, But, it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting

The past perfect is used to talk about events that happened earlier than another early moment. The past of the past.
Structure: had + past participle

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting
I sent the recipe to my mom yesterday, but she doesn鈥檛 answer me as if she hadn鈥檛 seen the message
He told her about the task, but she didn鈥檛 make it as if she hadn鈥檛 remembered

  • He seemed as if he hadn鈥檛 started the last challenge.
  • She seemed as though she had was angry the whole day.
  • It appeared as if had rained the whole week.
  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.
  • I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as though he had forgotten about our meeting.

  • I turned on my laptop. But the screen looked as if something shattered it

  • I called him to verify some prices. But he sounded as if he had drunk and entire bottle of vodka.

  • He threwed back to me the ball. But he throwed it as though he had slept badly

Thank you for this class!

My mom said to me: you are her sister, as though I had eaten for him.
My grandma regret for all as if we had done something wrong in our house.
My mom was worried about my post on social media, as if the people had given me to eat

I confirmed the time with him. But it sounded as if he had forgotten about our meeting

  • It smelled as though the lunch had been ready.
  • My husband looked as if he had slept all afternoon.
  • My mom walked as though she had drunk.