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Cleft sentences in Past, Present and, Future

19/21
Recursos

Hay muchas maneras de hacer 茅nfasis en oraciones en el idioma ingl茅s. Una nueva forma que veremos a continuaci贸n consiste en dividir una oraci贸n com煤n en dos partes para enfatizar una de ellas.

C贸mo hacer 茅nfasis en oraciones en ingl茅s

El m茅todo para enfatizar oraciones se denomina 鈥淐left sentences鈥 en donde creamos una hendidura, o un agujero, en una oraci贸n para dividirla en dos partes y agregar informaci贸n que haga 茅nfasis en una de esas partes.

Existen varios tipos de estas oraciones, cada uno con su f贸rmula para lograr enfatizar correctamente la oraci贸n:

*All + (focus on one particular thing)* - All I need is a new pair of shoes. (present) - All I needed was a new pair of shoes. (past) - All I鈥檒l need is a new pair of shoes. (future)

*It + (new information) + who/that/when (old information)* - It鈥檚 Maria who eats the cake. (present) - It was Maria who ate the cake. (past) - It鈥檚 Maria who will eat the cake. (future)

*What + (old information) + is/was (new information)* - What they do is play volleyball. (present) - What they did was play volleyball. (past) - What they will do is play volleyball. (future)

Veamos algunos ejemplos m谩s: - It was a video game that they played last weekend. - What I will do this weekend is go camping. - It鈥檚 a burger that I want to eat. - All I wanted was become a doctor.

Hacer 茅nfasis en una oraci贸n con este estilo te permitir谩 agregarle drama a una situaci贸n y enfatizar sobre lo sucedido.


Contribuci贸n creada por: Kevin Fiorentino (Platzi Contributor).

Aportes 192

Preguntas 5

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

All we need is love :"v

Cleft sentences are used to emphasize a specific part of a sentence.
Cleft is when the sentence is divided into two clauses.

Most common cleft sentences:
鈼 All + (focus on one particular thing)

  • All I need is a new pair of shoes. (present)
  • All I needed was a new pair of shoes. (past)
  • All I鈥檒l need is a new pair of shoes. (future)

鈼 It + (new information) + who/that/when (old information)

  • It鈥檚 Maria who eats the cake. (present)
  • It was Maria who ate the cake. (past)
  • It鈥檚 Maria who will eat the cake. (future)

鈼 What + (old information) + is/was (new information)

  • What they do is play volleyball. (present)
  • What they did was play volleyball. (past)
  • What they will do is play volleyball. (future)

Practice:
鈼 What he will do is win that race.
鈼 All they did was play video games all weekend.
鈼 All I will need is an escape to camping.
鈼 It鈥檚 myself who will eat that juicy hamburger.
鈼 What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.
鈼 All I wanted was to become a doctor.
鈼 All I wanted is a brand-new laptop for Christmas.
鈼 I needed to talk with you so what I did is call you last Friday.
鈼 It was the boys who started the fight.
鈼 What he will do is enjoy climbing.
鈼 All she does is watch series every single day.

What I want for Christmas is a new laptop
What I called you last Friday was have a talk
What the boys did was started the fight.
All he麓ll enjoy is climbing.

  • All I want is a new laptop for Christmats.
  • All I have to talk
  • They were the boys what started the fight.
  • What he will enjoy is climbing.
  • What she does is watching series every day.

What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.

All I wanted was become a doctor.

soo cool

* All I want is a new laptop for Christmas. * What I did was call you last Friday to have a talk. * It was the boys who started the fight. * What he will do is enjoy climbing. * What she do every day is watch series.

Cleft sentences

  • All I want is a new laptop for christmas.
  • What I did yesterday was call you to have a talk.
  • It were the boys who started the fight
  • What they will enjoy is climbing.
  • What she does is watch series every day.
*What* he does is run a race. It was a movie what they watched. All I'll need is vacations on the nature. It's a burguer what I really want to eat. What I'll do tonight is finish the presentation. All I wanted was to become a doctor. All I want is a new laptop for Christmas. What I did was called you last friday to have a talk. It was the fight that the boys started. It's is climbing what he will enjoy. What she does is watches series everyday.

My practice:

  • All I need is a new laptop for christmas.

  • What I did was called you last friday to have a talk.

  • It鈥檚 the boys who started the fight.

  • All he will enjoy it鈥檚 climbing.

  • What she does is watches series every day.

  1. All I want for christmas is a new laptop.
  2. What I did last Friday is call you to have a talk.
  3. It鈥檚 the boys who started to fight.
  4. What he will enjoy is climbing.
  5. What she does everyday is watch series.

My activity:

  • All I want for christmas is a new laptop

  • It was a talk what I wanted when I called you last Friday

  • What the boys did was start a fight

  • It鈥檚 climbing what he will enjoy

  • All they do is watch series everyday

Let鈥檚 practice!

  • What I want for Christmas is a new laptop.
  • It was a call that I made to you last Friday to talk.
  • What the boys did was start a fight.
  • All he will do is enjoy the climbing.
  • It was she who watched the series every day.

Where is it that you live?
What was it you eat yesterday?
What is it you study?
When was it you go to Europe?
Why was it you call?

  • What I really want is a new laptop for christmas.
  • It was I who called you to have a talk.
  • All they did was started a fight.
  • what he enjoys is go climbing.
  • All she does is watch series every day.
  • It鈥檚 a burger that I want to eat.
  • Whay I will do is finish the presentation tonight.
  • All I wanted was become a doctor.

All he loves is running.
What they did was watch movies all day long.
It鈥檚 Robetr who will do camping next month.

  • What he will do is start a race.

  • What they were doing was watching tv.

  • All I will need is a trip out of the city.

  • It鈥檚 a burger that I want to eat.

  • What I will do is finish the presentation tonight.

  • All I wanted was to become a doctor.

  • It鈥檚 a new laptop that I want for Christmas.

  • What I did was called you last Friday to have a talk.

  • What they did was started the fight.

  • It鈥檚 climbing that he will enjoy.

  • What she does is watch series every day.

-It is the fight that the boys started.
-What he麓ll enjoy is climbing.

  • Watches series every day is what she does.

All he wants is to participate in the career.

All he needed was to run those mills to get rid of that rage.

It麓s Marco who will win the senior鈥檚 race.

What he does is run for charity.

It was Marco that suggested playing video games.
What he麓ll do is swim in the lake.

-It麓s Burger what I really want.
-What I麓ll do tonight is finish the presentation.
-All I ever wanted was to become a doctor.

All I wanted for Christmas was a new laptop.

What I will do this weekend is camping

What I really want is to eat a burger

It鈥檚 a burguer that I want to eat

What I will do tonight is finish the presentation tonight

All I wanted was become a doctor

All I want is a new laptop for Christmas.

What I do was called you last Friday to have a talk.

They were the boys that started the fight.

What she does is watch series every day

All I want for christmas is a new laptop
What I did was call you last Friday to have a talk
It was the boys who started the fight
What he will do is enjoy climbing
What she does every day is watches series

Useful vocabulary


  • Cleft: Hendidura / Fisura / A space between two things can be called a cleft in English
  • Astonish: Deslumbrar / Impresionar

Activity


  • All he wants is exercising and being healthy
  • All they used to do was playing video games
  • It will be a great trip what we will do next weekend
  • It鈥檚 a delicious burger what I want to eat
  • What I will do tonight is to finish the presentation
  • All I wanted was to become a doctor

Practice


  • It was a new laptop what I wanted for Christmas
  • All I did was to call you last Friday to have a talk
  • What I saw was that the boys started to fight
  • It鈥檚 climbing what he most enjoys
  • All she does is watching series every day

All I want is a new laptop for Christmas.
What I did last Friday was called you to have a talk.
Were the boys who started the fight.

All he does is who is running every day
it was a series that they watched yesterday
it鈥檒l be the place that I鈥檒l visit the next month
its a burger that i really want to eat
what i will do tonight is finish the presentation
All i needed was to become a doctor
what i will want is a new laptop for Christmas

  • All i need is do some exercise

  • All they do is watch movies in their free time

  • what they visit is a great place

  • it鈥檚 a delicious burger that I really want to eat

  • What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.

  • All I wanted was become a doctor

  1. What I want for christmas is a new laptop
  2. What I did last Friday was calling you to have a talk
  3. it鈥檚 the boys who started the fight
  4. All he needs it鈥檚 climbing

all I want is a new laptop for christmas
what I will do is call to you
it was started the fight
what he will do is climbing
all she wnat is watch series everyday

All I need is burn calories haha

Example:

  • It is the old man who win the marathon
  • It was the old man who won the marathon
  • It is the old man who will win the marathon
  • All they did was watch Netflix and chill
  • What I will do is go camping
  • What I will finish tonight is the presentation
  • All that i wanted was become a doctor

Exercise:

  • All that i want for Christmas is a new laptop
  • What I did last Friday was called you to have a talk
  • The boys were the one鈥檚 that started the fight
  • What he really enjoys is climbing
  • All she does is watches series

All I want for Christmas is a new laptop.
It was I who called you last friday to have a talk.
It was the boys who started the fight.
What he will enjoy is climbling.
It麓s she who watches series every day.

All I wanted was a new laptop for Christmas
It was to have a talk, for what I called you last Friday
It was the boys who started the fight
What he will enjoy is climbing
All she does everyday is watching series

What I want for christmas is a new laptop / I wanted when I called you last Friday was to have a talk / It was the boy who started the fight / what he will enjoy is climbing / It is series what she watches every day

What I want is a new laptop for Christmas.
Why I called you last Friday was to have a talk.
It was a fight that the boys started.
It鈥檚 climbing what he will enjoy.
It鈥檚 series what she watches every day.

  • All I want is a new laptop for christmas

  • What I did was called you last friday to have a talk

  • What the boys did was started the fight

  • What he will enjoy is climbing

  • All she does every day is watching series

All he wanted was to pass the exam in his first attempt
  1. All I want for Christmas is a new lapton
  2. It was to talk that I called you las friday
  3. It鈥檚 the boy who started the fight
  4. What she watches every days are series
  • All I want for Christmas is a new laptop.

  • It was me who called you last Friday to have a talk.

  • It was the boys who started the fight.

  • What he will do is enjoy climbing.

  • All she does is watch series every day.

  • All I wanted for Christmas was a new laptop
  • It was me who called you last friday to have a talk
  • There were the boys who started the fight
  • What they will do is enjoy climbing
  • It鈥檚 she who watches series everyday
  • It鈥檚 Maria who wins the competition
  • It was Jorge who won the lottery.
  • It麓s Maria Guillermo who will get the promotion.
  • All I want is to get a job with a flexible schedules, to have more time on weekends.
  • All I wanted was getting a good grade in maths.
  • All I will want is to get a good wife.
  • All I need is the support of the Holy Spirit.
  • All I needed was 1000 buck to but a new bed.
  • All I will need is to certificate my english level.

The child drank the soda:

  • It was the child who drank the soda
  • It was the soda that the child drank

SUMMARY:
CLEFT SENTENCES is used to emphasize a specific part of the sentence. There also used to bring more DRAMA into the sentence.
The sentence is divided into two clauses (cleft sentences).
There are different ways. Each way could be in present, past or future :

  1. All + (focus on a particular thing). For example: All I NEEDED WAS a new pair of shoes (past).
  2. IT + (new information) who/that/when (old information). For example: IT鈥橲 Maria who EATS the cake (present).
  3. WHAT + (old information) + IS/WAS (no information). What they will do is play volleyball (future).
  • What I want for christmas is a new laptop.
  • All I wanted last friday was call you to have have a talk.
  • It were the boys who started the fight.
  • What she does every day is watch the series.
  • What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.
  • All I wanted was to become a doctor.

It鈥檚 a burger that I want to eat.

All I wanted was a new laptop for Christmas.
It was the fight that the boys started.
All he will enjoy is climbing
It was the series that she watches every day.
What they called you was to have a talk

I want a new laptop for Christmas
All i want is a new laptop for Christmas

I called you last Friday to have a talk
What i do is called you last Friday to have a talk.

The boys started the fight.
All they started the fight.

He will enjoy climbing
It鈥檚 he who will enjoy climbing

She watches series every day
It鈥檚 she who watch series every day

  • All I want for Chrismas is a new laptop.

  • What I did was call you last Friday to have a a talk.

  • It was the boy who started the fight.

  • What he will do is enjoy climbing.

  • What she do is watches series every day

it鈥檚 the burger that i really want to eat
what i will do tonight is finish the presentation
all i wanted was to become a doctor
All i want is a new laptop for christmas
what i did last friday was called you to have a talk
it鈥檚 the fight that the boys started
what he will enjoy is climbing
all she does is watch series everyday

It is a laptop that I want for Christmas.
What I did was call you last Friday to have a talk.
What the boys did was start the fight.
All he鈥檒l need is enjoy climbing.
What she does is watch series every day.

Exercise

  • All I want is a new laptop for Christmas

  • What I did the last Friday was call you to have a talk.

  • Were the boys who started the fight.

  • What he will enjoy is climbing

  • All she does is watch series every day

  • All I want for Christmas is a new laptop.

  • All I wanted last Friday was to have a talk with you.

  • What the boys did was start the fight.

  • It鈥檚 he who will enjoy climbing.

  • It鈥檚 she who watches series every day.

  • All I want for Christmas is a new laptop
  • It was the boys that started the fight
  • It is climbing that we will enjoy
  • It is every day that she watches series
  • I want a new laptop for Christmas.
    • All I want is a new laptop for Christmas.
  • I called you last Friday to have a talk.
    • What I did last Friday was to call you to have a talk.
  • The boys started the fight.
    • It was the boys who started the fight.
  • He will enjoy climbing.
    • It鈥檚 climbing that I will enjoy.
  • She watches series every day.
    • All she does every day is watching series.
  • It was a video game that they played last weekend.
  • What I will do this weekend is go camping.
  • It鈥檚 a burger that I want to eat.
  • All I wanted was become a doctor.
  1. All I want is a new laptop for christmas
  2. what I did the last friday was call you to have a talk.
  3. it麓was the boys who started the figtht.
  4. what he will do is enjoy climbing.
  5. All she needs is watches series every day.
  • what he do is prepare for a race.
    -It was he who are ready for the competiton

-what they did were take a relax time to play videogames.

  • All I will need is to be concentrate for the new things that the life show me.

-it麓s Jass who will eat the burguer.

  • what I will do tonighti s finish the presentation.

-All I wanted was become a doctor.

What he will does is run a race.
All they did was playing video games.
What he will does is go camping next weekend.
It鈥檚 a burger what I really want to eat.
What I will finish tonight is the presentation.
All I ever wanted was to become a doctor.

  • The man with orange shirt is who won the competition.
  • What the man do is practice everyday.
  • Was the guys who prefered to play games instead clean the house.
  • By the mountain close the river is the place that I will be next weekend.
  • It鈥檚 the burger that I really want to eat.
  • What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.
  • All I wanted was to become a doctor.
  • All I want is a new laptop for Christmas.
  • Was you who I called you last Friday to have a talk.
  • Was the boys who started the fight.
  • What he will enjoy is climbing.
  • All she do is watch series every day.

.,.

  • It麓s a burger that I want to eat.
  • What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.
  • All I wanted was to become a doctor.

All I need is a new computer

example:
present
1- all he does is run 3 miles twice a week.
past
2- it was a video game that they played last weekend.
future
3- what i wil do this weekend is go camping

maaaaaaaaaaaan

All that they did during the day was gaming.

All I need will be An amaizing sigth for the weeking.

All that they did during the day was gaming.

It鈥檚 Mario the man who will run the race.

All I want is a laptop for Christmas.
What I did was call you last Friday to have a talk.
It鈥檚 the boys who started the fight.
It鈥檚 climbing that he enjoys.
What she does is watch series every day.

  • All I want is a new laptop for Christmas.
  • All I did was called you last Friday to have a talk.
  • What the boys did was started the fight.
  • What he will enjoy is climbing.
  • It鈥檚 her who watches series every day.

All we need are good oportunitues

good

All I need is a new pair of shoes. (present)
All I needed was a new pair of shoes. (past)
All I鈥檒l need is a new pair of shoes. (future)

馃憦

All I鈥檒l need is a gorgeus sunrise.

All we needed was a videogames aftternoon.

What he will do is runs faster as soon as he can.
Its him who ran all the last weak.

I thougth it was hard to rewrite the ideas using a cleft sentence and I stil have doubts with these sentences:
1)All the boys started was the figth
2)All I called you was to have a talk
are these sentences correct?!!

All I need is your wisdom Teacher to make sure the sentences are okay (: please tell me haha!

First exercises:
What he does is stay young and fit.
It was them who stayed all night playing video games, not me.
All I鈥檒l do on vacations is rest and enjoy nature.

Second exercises:
It鈥檚 a burger that I really want to eat.
What I will do tonight is finish the presentation.
All I wanted was to become a doctor.

Practice:
It was a new laptop that I wanted for Christmas.
What I did last Friday was call you to have a talk.
It was the boys who started the fight
It鈥檚 climbing that he will enjoy.
All she does is watch series every day.

what i want for christmas is a new laptop
what i did last friday was call you to talk
what the boys stared was the fight
all he will enjoy climbing

Hace 9 meses

14

Cleft sentences are used to emphasize a specific part of a sentence.
Cleft is when the sentence is divided into two clauses.

Most common cleft sentences:
鈼 All + (focus on one particular thing)

All I need is a new pair of shoes. (present)All I needed was a new pair of shoes. (past)All I鈥檒l need is a new pair of shoes. (future)

鈼 It + (new information) + who/that/when (old information)

It鈥檚 Maria who eats the cake. (present)It was Maria who ate the cake. (past)It鈥檚 Maria who will eat the cake. (future)

All he does is run at liast 3 miles a week

All I need is a new dress
All I need was a new dress
All I麓ll need is a new dress

All I want is anew laptop for Christmas.
What I did last Friday was call you to have a talk.
It was the boys who started the fight.
All he will enjoy is climbing.
What she did every day was watch series.

All I want for Christmas is a new laptop.
What I did last Friday was call you to have a talk.
It was the boys who started the fight
What he enjoys is climbing
What she do is watches series every day

What I want for Christmas is a new laptop
What I called you last Friday was have a talk
What the boys did was started the fight.
All he麓ll enjoy is climbing.

  • All I want for Christmas is a new laptop.
  • What I did last Friday was call you to have a talk.
  • It was the boys who started the fight
  • What he enjoys is climbing
  • What she do is watches series every day

All they did is play video games every day without make their task

What he does is exercise in the morning

All I wanted is a new laptop for Christmas.
What he did last Friday was called you to have a talk.
What the boys started was a fight.
It鈥檚 he who will enjoy climbing.
All she watches are series every day.

what i want for christmas is a new laptop
what i did last friday was call you to talk
what the boys stared was the fight
all he will enjoy climbing
all day she watches series

all i wanted was to become a doctor

it篓s a burger that i want to eat

What I want for Christmas is a new laptop.
All I did last Friday was called you to have a talk.