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Sequence of events

5/21
Recursos

Narrar los hechos que sucedieron es muy importante para que puedas expresar el orden de los mismos, c贸mo la primera acci贸n afect贸 la segunda o el tiempo exacto de ocurrencia de diferentes situaciones.

Expresando orden de ocurrencia de eventos

Para poder expresar correctamente el orden de ocurrencia de diferentes acciones, podemos hacer uso de dos estructuras gramaticales, dependiendo si los hechos se produjeron uno despu茅s del otro, o de manera simult谩nea.

Eventos secuenciales

Si un evento ocurri贸 despu茅s de otro, expr茅sate con la f贸rmula 鈥淗aving + past participle鈥 donde usualmente la primera cl谩usula sucedi贸 antes que la cl谩usula principal de toda la oraci贸n.

Veamos algunos ejemplos: - Having recruited some volunteers, we started collecting the data. - Having written the first copy, we asked our manager to check it. - Having finalized the report, we presented it to our founders.

Eventos simult谩neos

Si dos acciones sucedieron al mismo tiempo, expr茅sate utilizando la forma -ing de cualquier verbo en la primera cl谩usula, tambi茅n conocido present participle.

Tal vez te resulte familiar la forma -ing de los verbos con el nombre de gerundios. Los gerundios son verbos que pueden emplearse como sustantivos, el present participle tambi茅n son verbos terminados en -ing, pero que se usan como adjetivos o tambi茅n como verbos.

Veamos algunos ejemplos: - Collecting the data samples, we realized that we were going to miss the deadline. - Presenting in front of our founders, I forgot what I was going to say. - Talking to our volunteers, we understood that data collection was a challenging task.

Diferencia entre having y present participle

Si a煤n no te ha quedado claro la diferencia en de estas dos tipos de expresiones, analicemos las siguientes dos oraciones y responde la pregunta 驴Qu茅 sucedi贸 primero?:

  • Having grown up in Seattle, Colombian culture was a big shock to me.
  • Growing up in Seattle, I didn鈥檛 see much Colombian culture.

En la primera oraci贸n, Jess creci贸 en Seattle y, a帽os despu茅s, al llegar al Colombia, tuvo un shock cultural, dado que proven铆a de una cultura totalmente distinta. En la segunda oraci贸n, Jess expresa que durante su infancia en Seattle, nunca aprendi贸 nada sobre la cultura Colombiana.

Comprender cu谩ndo utilizar having y cu谩ndo utilizas el present participle te ser谩 de gran ayuda para expresar secuencias de eventos y utilizar verbos en su forma -ing de una manera diferente y m谩s avanzada.


Contribuci贸n creada por: Kevin Fiorentino (Platzi Contributor).

Aportes 140

Preguntas 8

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

  • Having discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
  • Checking my old documents, I found my first job application.

We studied two ways to show a sequence of events:

The first is when something happened as the consequence of a previous event.
The structure that we can use is Having + Past Participle, using it implies:
鈼 A more economical way of making sentences.
鈼 The action in the first clause usually happens before the action in the main clause.
Examples:
鈼 Having recruited some volunteers, we started collecting the data.
鈼 Having written the first copy, we asked our manager to check it.
鈼 Having finalized the report, we presented it to our founders.

The second one is when we need to show things happening simultaneously.
Pretty straightforward you only need to use the gerund of a verb.
Examples:
鈼 Collecting the data samples, we realized that we were going to miss the deadline.
鈼 Presenting in front of our founders, I forgot what I was going to say.
鈼 Talking to our volunteers, we understood that data collection was a challenging task.

Practice:
鈼 Speaking with the customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

My sentences:
鈼 Having run for 30 minutes, I started with the strength workout.
鈼 Listening to the teacher, I realized that he has positive energy.

  • Having watched the teacher鈥檚 video, I could solve the doubts I had in relation to this grammar topic.
  • Speaking to other learners, I felt that I understood the teacher鈥檚 explanation.

Speaking to our customer, I felt that they really valued more options.
Having spoken to our customer, I felt that they really valued more options.

Making dinner with my cat, I realized that food for cats are not good for human either.
Having talked with my neighbor, I found a great friend to share moments.

Having + Past participle

  • Used to show a sequence of events
  • More economical way of making a sentence

Having cleaned the bedroom, we watched a comedy.
Watching the tv with my sister, I forgot that the kitchen was on.

  • Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options. (The first action happens before the second one)
  • Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options. (Both happens simultaneously)
  • Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

-Having lived with my mom, I understanded the importance to do some things in an specific way.

  • Washing my clothes, I found a bill in a pocket.

If I had watched this class a month ago, I would have understood passive past perfect, which makes me thing that having studied in platzi was the best thing to improve my English

  • Having understood that you cannot live your life by trying to please anyone, I decided to avoid any kind of efford to glad others.
  • Speaking wih her, I understood that we can share different opinions, without trying to impose our beliefs, as this doesn鈥檛 depend on us.
  • Having found out that I lacked money, I knew that I needed to retrive all what I鈥檇 lost as sooon as possible.
    *Arguing with my mom, I understood that we cannot shape others the way we want them to be. That鈥檚 insane.
  • Reading the last issue on the newspaper, I reflex on how dangerous the inflamed masses can be.
  • Having pursued their demonstration, the government agreed to listen to the claims.

Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.
Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options

  • Finishing the sequence of events class, i realized that i need to practice more.
  • Having cooked the dinner, i realized that i鈥檓 a good chef.

Having learned a little bit about IT, I decided to improve my english skill first.
Having finished the first module, I started the second one.

路 Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options. 路 Eating the dessert I remembered my peanut allergy.
  • Arranging your wedding I could notice that you were going to sign a prenup.
  • Having found the bug we understood how it was working before the new features.
  • Having designed the user interface, we moved on to coding the backend functionalities.

  • Having completed the initial testing phase, we identified some critical bugs that needed fixing.

  • Having reviewed the code thoroughly, the development team submitted it for peer review.

  • Debugging the application, we discovered that multiple users were encountering login issues.

  • Testing the software across different devices, we noticed that the mobile version was slower to load.

  • Discussing the project with the client, we found that their requirements had changed during development.

  • Having taken this course, I learned a lot. (Jess is a great teacher)

  • Studying this course, I realized that it was going to be difficult.

My examples:

  • Speaking at a virtual work meeting, my cat suddenly walked in front of the camera.

  • Having finished a long task at the office, my coworker and I went out for coffee.

  • Driving to the office, I realized that I left the computer charger at home.

  • Having printed my final paper for the international science magazine, I spilled coffee on it.

  • Having received this class I realized that this teacher is amazing.
  • Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options. ( Having + pst participle form )

  • Speaking to our customers I realized that they really valued more options. ( Present participle form )

Let鈥檚 practice!
Having + past participle

  • Having finished my work, I went to the gym.
  • Having searched for her keys, I finally found them.
    Using present participle
  • Listening to music, I noticed how it can help you to relax.
  • Preparing the dinner, I discovered how much I love cooking.

Having rearranged my calendar, I saw that I have a lot of spare time.

Eating my dinner I felt that the chicken needs to be more time in the oven.

Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

Speaking to our customers , I felt that they really valued more options.

Having studied so much today, I have come to realize that life is so much more than that.

Working in the office, we could share quality time with each other.

  • Having drunk some water I realized how thristy I was
    Drinking some water I realized how thristy I was

  • Having read this wonderful story I started my passion for books
    Reading this wonderful story I sarted my passion for books

Listening to my teacher, I was learning a lot of topics. Having learning with Platzi, I was able to speak to my teachers. Assisting to my customer, I listened to my boss
Speaking to our customers, I felt that really valued more options

-Speaking to our customers, I felt that they were considering other options.

Having spoken with the manager, I started making the report.

Having read that report, I present my questions to the board.

Having written my quitting letter to my superior, I started packing my belongings.

Speaking with Sarah, I realized Mark was selling company data to our rivals.

Playing tennis with my boss, I understood why I麓m not getting the raise.

Having read the book, I started writing an essay about it.
Baking some cakes, I realized that I forget the sugar.

  • Sleeping at the night I could notice some strange
  • Having studing hard I noticed I need organization to my time to meet my goals
  • Watching this lesson I was convinced that I need to study more about the participles and gerunds

  • Having watched 2 times this lesson, I understood better the subject "sequence of events "

My examples:

  • Having collected the data, I have analyzed the results
  • Having played 鈥yenga鈥 for so many years, by noon I will have won the match easily
  • Being the best student in the academy, I should have started others hobbies
  • Having finished this course, I will start the next in order to never stop to learn

having revised the code of our new software i think it鈥檚 ready to be deployed.
revising the code of our new software i noticed a security misconfiguration

Having studied for the exam, i realiced that i was going to failed
Runing with my girlfriend, i heared that she had a problem

Presente participle: Having experience with our project. I realized that our company is massive compared with others.

Past participle: Having experimented with our project. I realized the huge dimensions of our company in the markets.

Please correct me if i am wrong 馃槂

Having heard what you are saying I was thinking of going to your side Speaking to you I decided that we have broke up.

Playing the final of the chess tournament I realized that I was so fortunate of my life

Having eaten the whole pizza, I reminded there were still french fries yet to come.
Filling the last part of the form, I realized my name wasn鈥檛 on it.

Listening audiobooks in English, I realised that I was able to grasp more vocabulary.
  • Having tested the dishes, I declared the winner

  • Checking my untouched folders for the past month, I realised that i need to clean my computer!

Having eat before my girl come home, i realized that the food was out of time.

Talking to my mom, we remembered old times.

I want you to make at least two sentences.
Original sentence: I read the binnacle carefully, then ran the procedure without problems.
Having + past participle form: Having read the binnacle carefully, I ran the procedure without problems.
Present participle form: Reading the binnacle I understood what I have to do.
Original sentence: I passed the exam easily, before I had studied very conscientiously.
Having + past participle form: Having studied very conscientiously , I passed the exam easily.
Present participle form: Studying very conscientiously I enjoyed what I learned.
Original sentence: I poured rice, water and a little salt into the pot, so I lit the fire to cook.
Having + past participle form: Having poured rice, water and a little salt into the pot , I lit the fire to cook.
Present participle form: Pouring rice, water and a little salt into the pot, I remembered how long I would have to cook for.

SUMMARY:
A SEQUENCE of EVENTS could be shown by PRESENT PARTICIPLE and HAVING + PAST PARTICIPLE.
HAVING + PAST PARTICIPLE show two sequential events in the same sentence.
For example: These two sequential sentences 鈥業 collected the data then I analyzed the results鈥, we convert to one only sentence with two sequential events 鈥楬aving collected the data, I analyzed the result鈥.
We use it as a more economical way of making sentences. The first thing in the sentence is usually the first thing that happens in a sequence.
PRESENT PARTICIPLE is essentially the VERB + ING. It鈥檚 used to show two things that happened simultaneously.
For example: Collecting the data samples, we realized that we were going to miss the deadline.

Thank you teacher, now I understand the present participle and when I need to use the verb having with the past participle.

Having Loved my pet, I Knew the hard of lose a big partner.
Working on technology, I understood the importance of creativity.

having cleaned my room i started painting it
Doing the interview i thought that the job is not for me

  • Speaking to our customers, I felt they really valued more options

  • Having spoken to our customers, I felt they really valued more options.

Having grown up in Seattle, Colombian culture was a big shock.

Having grown up in Seattle, I did not see much Colombian culture.

Speaking to our customer, I felt they really valued more options

*Having known Platzi, I did realize that really I can speak English, it鈥檚 amezing.
*Knowing Platzi, I did could give me count that it鈥檚 possible speak in English to me.

Having watched that movie, I understood why my mom loved watching it.
Singing your favorite song, I realized that was the perfect one for our friendship.

Let鈥檚 try

  • Having forgotten about her, I decided to met more people.
  • Listening to the whole conversation, my team understood who is on charge.
  • Travelling all over the world, my cousin knew exactly where he wanted to stay (absolutely not home).
  • Studying for more than a month, she realized this wasn鈥檛 for her.
  • Writing my class notes, I realized that my English is getting better.
  • Having finished the class, I understand how to use present participles to show a different sequence of events.

I thought it was:
Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

because you could identify their feeling just after their feedback, but on second thought, I realized that sometimes you could interpret some keywords and other gestures.

I would have less weight, if I had exercised
if you had eaten on time, you wouldn鈥檛 have hungry
if he had cleaned his clothes, he wouldn鈥檛 have missed the party

  • Having spoke to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.
  • Speaking to our customers, I realize that they really valued more options.

-Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

Speaking with our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.
Listening to some audio from Tony Robbins, I discovered how to change my habits.

  • Having driven for 30 minutes on my motorcycle I realized that I didn鈥檛 carry my license and some cops stopped me.
  • Speaking with the cops about where was my license I ran away from them.
  • Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.
  • Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

thanks!

  • Having spoken with our customers, I felt that they really valued more options. (I thought that maybe it could be)

  • Speaking to our costumers, I felt that they really valued more options.

I spoke to our customers. I felt that they really valued more options.

  • Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

馃憤.

馃憤

hello

Having discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
Checking my old documents, I found my first job application

Thanks to the way of explaining the teacher can clarify my doubts

good

Having talked to my best friend, made me think about the career that I was about to choose.

Coding the whole project in just one night, made me see how fast I can write with the keyboard.

Discuss first, and then鈥
Having discussed with our customers. We felt that customers really aprecciate more options.

At the same time
Speaking with our customer, We felt that they really apreciate more options.

Thanks

I liked to know about present participle.

Having discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
Checking my old documents, I found my first job application

The first is when something happened as the consequence of a previous event.
The structure that we can use is Having + Past Participle, using it implies:
鈼 A more economical way of making sentences.
鈼 The action in the first clause usually happens before the action in the main clause

We studied two ways to show a sequence of events:

The first is when something happened as the consequence of a previous event.
The structure that we can use is Having + Past Participle, using it implies:
鈼 A more economical way of making sentences.
鈼 The action in the first clause usually happens before the action in the main clause.
Examples:
鈼 Having recruited some volunteers, we started collecting the data.
鈼 Having written the first copy, we asked our manager to check it.
鈼 Having finalized the report, we presented it to our founders.

The second one is when we need to show things happening simultaneously.
Pretty straightforward you only need to use the gerund of a verb.
Examples:
鈼 Collecting the data samples, we realized that we were going to miss the deadline.
鈼 Presenting in front of our founders, I forgot what I was going to say.
鈼 Talking to our volunteers, we understood that data collection was a challenging task.

Practice:
鈼 Speaking with the customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

My sentences:
鈼 Having run for 30 minutes, I started with the strength workout.
鈼 Listening to the teacher, I realized that he has positive energy.

thanks for these classes they are very interesting

The first is when something happened as the consequence of a previous event.
The structure that we can use is Having + Past Participle, using it implies:
鈼 A more economical way of making sentences.
鈼 The action in the first clause usually happens before the action in the main clause

Having discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
Checking my old documents, I found my first job application.

Eating my duvalin, I realized that I love being alone.
Talking to a my dad, I felt like in old times.
Having cleaned my room, I began to do exercise.
Having thought about my future,I made a plan to achieve my goals.
Playing videogames, I remembered my childhood.
Watching Gotham on Netflix, I learnt to pronounce 鈥減enguin鈥.

speaking to our custumers, I felt that they really valued more option

ving discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
Checking my old documents, I found my first job application.
Responder

Having discussed all the pros and cons, I wholeheartedly believe in Ellen鈥檚 project.
Checking my old documents, I found my first job application.
Responder
aarongaribay
aarongaribay

Having + Past participle

Used to show a sequence of events
More economical way of making a sentence

What a difficult lesson. I mean, in the example 鈥淪peaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options鈥 those things actually didn鈥檛 happen at the same time because in order to feel they valued more opinions you need to speak with them first. In other words, if you don鈥檛 talk with the customers first, how would you feel they would value more opinions?

  • Having learn C (programming language), starts to learn python was very easy.
  • Working in the website, I realized the project only worked in a development environment.

Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options

My answers!馃槂

  • Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

  • Taking this class, I started to feel thirsty

  • Walking down to the nearest bus stop, I found an interesting food park

Having spoken to our customers. I felt that they really valued more options.

  • Having bought the house, I found a better option near.
    -Playing the guitar, I felt the people truly enjoyed the music.

Having spoken to our costumers, I felt that really valued more options (One thing first happen and the other after)
Speaking to our costumers, I felt that they really valued more options (two things are happening concurrently)

  • Speaking to our customers, i felt that they really valued more options
  1. Speaking to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.
    馃槂 In my opinion, the second verb 鈥榝eel鈥 happens at the same time, when the customers express their ideas or opinions.

Practice time!

  • Having spoken to our customers. I felt that they really valued more options.
  • Spoking to our customers. I felt that they really valued more options.
馃憦

Excellent classes

1(a)- Having spoken to our costumers, I felt that they really valued more options.
1(b)- Speaking to our our costumers, I felt that they really valued more options.

Having spoken to our customers, I felt that they really valued more options.

I not even tried it鈥 馃様