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Personal experiences in the past

2/19
Recursos
Transcripci贸n

Vamos a aprender c贸mo hablar de experiencias ocurridas en alg煤n momento en el pasado. Revisaremos un poco de gram谩tica, pues esto es importante para entender los siguientes contenidos.

Presente perfecto y gram谩tica

Hemos resaltado dos aspectos importantes que vamos a revisar: has y el verbo (visited).

  • Sujeto + have/has + verbo en pasado participio + complemento
  • Mary has visited her parents recently/ Mary ha visitado a sus padres recientemente.

Pronombre Personal

Lo m谩s importante sobre esto es que sepas cu谩ndo usar cada uno. Usar have o has depende del pronombre personal que seguro ya recuerdas:

Pronombre have/has
I have
You have
He has
She has
It has
We have
They have

En este caso, Mary es ella (she), por lo que usamos has. Recuerda que empleamos has cuando el pronombre es he, she o it.

  • Afirmativa: She has worked hard.
  • Negativa: She hasn鈥檛 worked hard.
  • Interrogativa: Has she worked hard?

Usamos have cuando el pronombre es I, you, we o they.

  • Afirmativa: We have been friend for years.
  • Negativa: We haven鈥檛 been friends for years.
  • Interrogativa: Have we been friends for years?

Verbos

En ocaciones se parecen, pero son muy distintos. Dependen de la conjugaci贸n que se le quiera dar a la acci贸n.

Regulares

Se transforman en el pasado o en la forma de participio pasado, a帽adiendo -ed al final de la acci贸n.

Infinitivo Tiempo pasado Pasado participio
Play Played Played
Cook Cooked Cooked

Como notamos, los verbos regulares, tanto en el pasado como en el pasado participio, se escriben y se pronuncia exactamente igual. Qu茅 f谩cil, 驴no? Pues s铆, un poco. No hay una regla clara para saber cu谩ndo un verbo es regular o no, por lo que es mejor memorizarlos. 隆No te preocupes! Con la simple pr谩ctica es m谩s que suficiente.

Nota: Al momento de pronunciar en tiempo pasado o participio, no pronunciamos la e, sino solamente la d. Por ejemplo,

  • play se pronuncia plei.
  • played se pronuncia pleid. Haciendo un 茅nfasis en la d, para darla a notar.

Irregulares

Su transformaci贸n al pasado es completamente diferente. No tienen una constante entre s铆, ya que dependiendo del verbo su forma pasada es distinta en cada caso. Tranquilo o tranquila, como te dije, con la pr谩ctica lo comprender谩s mejor.

Infinitivo Tiempo pasado Pasado participio
Write Wrote Written
See Saw Seen

Siempre que usemos el presente perfecto, usamos el pasado participio, no el pasado. Y s铆, puede parecer el pasado con los regulares, pero es el pasado participio.

驴Cu谩ndo puedes utilizar el presente perfecto?

Puedes emplear el presente perfecto para situaciones que ocurrieron en el pasado, en una fecha que no recuerdas o no quieres decir. Tambi茅n para situaciones que ocurrieron en el pasado, pero siguen ocurriendo en el presente.

Para situaciones ocurridas en el pasado

Usando el mismo ejemplo anterior.

Mary has visited her parents recently

Sabemos que Mary ha visitado a sus padres hace poco tiempo, pero si nos preguntamos 驴cu谩ndo Mary visit贸 a sus padres? No lo sabemos, no tenemos una fecha exacta.

Esto es porque la fecha no resulta relevante al tratar de un hecho que ya termin贸. Mary puede visitar a sus padres en el futuro, lo que no sabemos es cu谩ndo hizo la 煤ltima visita.

Ejercicio

Piensa en tres experiencias pasadas y usa el presente perfecto para expresar lo que sientes. Te dejo algunos ejemplos:

  • I have been to Europe before. / He estado en Europa antes.
  • I have driven several cars. / He conducido varios coches.
  • I haven鈥檛 eaten ramen. / No he comido ramen.

Contribuci贸n creada con los aportes de: Jose Miguel Veintimilla.

Aportes 664

Preguntas 50

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

I have studied at Platzi since 2020
My sister has cooked pasta again.
My mom haven鈥檛 traveled, because She doesn鈥檛 like travel.

  • I have been two times in the United States.

  • She has written many books in these 10 years.

  • We haven鈥檛 gone on vacation these last years.

I have broken my leg playing soccer
My dad hasn麓t learned to drive
Already She has bought her first car
Has she bought her first car?
Have broken your leg playing soccer?

i never had a computer
my mom hasn麓t seen a corpse
i didn麓t see the movie
i didn麓t play soccer

  • I haven鈥檛 traveled to the Moon. 馃懇鈥嶐煔

  • I have swum in the beach. 馃強鈥嶁檪锔

  • I have lived here for years. 馃彔

  • I have visited United States.
  • I have eaten sushi.
  • I haven鈥檛 done ski.
  1. Nobody in my family has visited another country.
  2. My sister hasn麓t seen the sea.
  3. I haven麓t eaten ramen either.

I have been In Puerto Rican
My dougther has studied Ensglish for five years
I have never been in Europe

I have been in Brazil.
Bird has flown around the city.
They have striven for win.

1- Nobody in my family has visited another country.
2- My sister hasn麓t seen the sea.
3- I haven麓t eaten ramen either.

the vebs irregular and regular that princepet no practice?
(no soy tan buena en ingles)

I have been in London a couple of years ago
I haven麓t driven a expensive car.
have I eaten Indian food?

I have been working hard lately I have seen a lot of birds this morning I have had an idea

Write 3 past life experiences using present perfect

I have been several times in Cisneros
I have eaten shrimp recently
I have studied at Platzi since six month ago

WHEN DO WE USE PRESENT PERFECT?
Actions that happened at some unknown time in the past.
Actions that started in the past and are still continuing

Good!

I have seen naruto since I was a kid

I have done cakes before.

My mom has been in Cancun years ago.

I haven鈥檛 done surfing.

I鈥檝e written a letter to my wife
I鈥檝e been in Guatemala
I haven鈥檛 eaten sushi

I have been two times in the United States.

She has written many books in these 10 years.

We haven鈥檛 gone on vacation these last years.

I have dated a foreigner
I have done exercise 3 months in a row
I have seen the 100 series 3 times.
I have dreamed with my family again.
I haven麓t passed my exam about expression of time and quanty.
I have forgotten my moral principles lately
I have thougth in my future recently

you have prepared a cake in your house
i have bought a toy car
he has cut bouquet of flowers

I have cooked for my little brother He has driven very fast I haven't eaten sushi

My sister has cooked pasta again.

He has worked hard
i have watched evangelion

She has visited her mother recently

  1. I have been In cartagena.
  2. Juan has done that exam this year.
  3. Carolina has eliminated everyone of facebook.

THANK YOU EXCELLENT CLASS

Gracias a usted tambi茅n as铆 comprendo mucho sobre ello

I have heard the same. I can not believe it.
She has bought at that place many times.
He has slept very little lately

I have been studyng at Platzi for 10 months ago.
I have been in Mexico.
I haven麓t been in Europe.

I have played soccer in my life
My sister haven鈥檛 eaten sushi
Have we gone to school on Sunday?

I have saw the sea ever
My baby has visited her grandparents
Leo has played soccer

I have traveled to pucalla in my last vacaction.
i have studied at platzi sinde 2022.
My mother has cooked lomo saltado the last friday.
My cousin Roberto has witten a new song the last week.

My duty: 馃

  • Zeus has borne Atenea out of his head
  • My sister hasn麓t finished her homework
  • I have spilled water on my uncle麓s computer
  • I have read more than 20 books.

  • She has given me a surprise.

  • I have studied for almost 15 years.

i have been in EEUU sometimes
he has played basket recently
i haven麓t played in none wood basketball court
has been she in Venezuela?

i has traveled to manta several times
we have visited the atlanctic cost of colmbia
they haven麓t ridden a motorcycle

I have been a really good studiant
He hasn鈥檛 seen a squirrel
We have lived in Buenos Aires

I have been in ecuador before.
I have played basketball with some friend last week
I have worked so hard last Friday

I鈥檝e been in love.
I鈥檝e started and finished a lot of books in my career.
I鈥檝e seen many horror movies recently.

My mom has cooked some delicious food.

  1. I haven鈥檛 been in USA yet.
  2. My husband cooked pasta
  3. They have learned English last year

I have studied a lot.
He has studied for the exam.
have they studied for the exams?

I have been two times in the United States

She has written many books in these five years

We haven鈥檛 gone on vacation these last years

I have forgotten how to cook crepes.
My mom has visited the state of Hidalgo.
I haven鈥檛 found the meaning life.

I have playing soccer since 2009
My mom cooked my favourite foot y like this
Its very probably that I have forget how do spaguetti

I have eaten makis several times.
I have used different DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) recently.
I haven鈥檛 driven a car yet.

I haven鈥檛 visited my friend recently.
My dog has eaten some chicken today.
I have seen some birds on the roof.

Loving Jhon courses!
_馃槂

I haven鈥檛 traveled by bullet train yet.
I haven鈥檛 eaten crab so far.
I haven鈥檛 seen an OVNI to date.

Have you cooked the lunch?

i have learned css
my girl has learned english
I havent visited USA

  • I have not lived out of Colombia
  • I have not gone to the doctor recently
  • She has watched many k drama series

I haven`t driven a car!
I have built a web
I have given a lot love

I haven鈥檛 traveled to another country
I鈥檝e been practicing boxing
I haven鈥檛 seen my dog recently

I have cooked cookies before.
He has played soccer with me.
I haven鈥檛 danced salsa.

I have lived in bogota city for twenty years
My brother has studied two university careers
My family haven鈥檛 traveled in the last two years, because we not enough money.

I have been US the last year I have aten Turkish food I have written a letter yesterday

My experiences

  • I have played the piano for one hour since Sunday.
  • I have listened Orchestra music in Spotify.
  • I have lived in the Canc煤n for one month.

I haven麓t flown on a plain yet
My cousin hasn麓t finished school
She hasn麓t been to Italy

  • I have been in a roller-coaster

  • I have never been in an airplane

  • I麓ve eaten pizza

  • I have never been in Italy

  • SHE HASN麓T WORKED HARD

Some past life experiences:
I麓ve been to Arequipa before when I was 23 years old.
I麓ve been to roller coaster before and The machine broke down.

I have been in my country last year.
I have dreamed of you.
I haven鈥檛 danced salsa last night.

We have been friends for years.

I have taken a course in English.
I have been in the gym.
I have taken a course in English.

I haven鈥檛 practiced English recently.
I haven鈥檛 traveled to abroad

I have seen harry potter movies many times
My sister hasn鈥檛 read my letters
I haven鈥檛 gone to German in Chirstmas

i have been in Bogota sometime
she has aten a lot of hamburguers with soda
they have worked very hard at this proyect

  1. I have worked hard.
  2. I have been in M茅xico
  3. Pedro has cooked italian food
1. I have touched a baby lion 馃 2. I have played the piano 馃幎 3. I have been in a volunteer :)
  • I haven鈥檛 run a marathon yet.
  • I have visited Colombia
  • My family and I have spent every Christmas together.
  • I have read several books in my life
  • I haven鈥檛 been abroad
  • I have played the guitar
  • I have been in San Carlos several times.

  • I haven麓t worked to much today.

  • I haven麓t drunk soda lately.

i haven"t been in europe
my mom has to played board games
i have eaten to much fish
my brother hasn"t learnd how to cook

I鈥檝e played chess many times

  • i have played a lot of videogames.
  • i have eaten sushi befor, and i didn鈥檛 like it.
  • my friend has invited me to his house.
  • I have been at school

  • I have written poesy

  • I have played soccer with my friends

  • she has angry for anything that I do

  • he has never listened me

  • has she been happy?

I haven鈥檛 driven a car
I have been to buenaventura colombia
I have eaten mexican food

my mom hasn麓t seen a corpse i didn麓t see the movie i didn麓t play soccer
  • She has exercised before english class
  • Mom鈥檚 car has been damaged
  • I have eaten fast
I have broken my leg playing softball. My son hasn't learned to sing. Already she has bouth her first bike . Has she bouth her first car.? Have broken your leg playing soccer.

I have cooked pizza
I haven鈥檛 eaten spinach
I have studied english

I haven鈥檛 been to Asia.
I have forgotten your birthday.
I have lost my keys.

I have drawn before.
They have started the course before you came.
She has fixed the machine.

-My father hasn麓t done excercise this week
-I have eaten vegetables all month
-Stiven has been sick since the winter

thanks foy your feedback!!

My examples: I have not traveled for the world. I have not drunk beer in my life. I have practiced to speak English.
  1. I have been progressing this week

  2. My mom has worked harder than ever

  3. I haven鈥檛 played my accordion enough

  • I haven鈥檛 been to Canada
  • I have cooked several times, don鈥檛 worry
  • I have studied at Platzi before and it鈥檚 great
I have played soccer in the USA. I haven't went to Japan. I have I have brought breakfast when i was working.

I haven麓t eaten coffe
i have like to cooked
I have like to danced

I traveled to Mexico with my mom when I was young. I cooked a cake to my family.

She has visited her friends recently

I have learned a lot about the importance of effective communication in my current job.
I have thoroughly enjoyed traveling the world and learning about new cultures.
I have felt very fulfilled by seeing the progress my students have made in their learning.

-I have visited Brazil in the past.
-I have studied English before.
-I haven麓t drunk alcohol recently.

I have visited to my mother at her house.
She has cooked pasta with meat balls.
I have eaten two portions of those delicius food.

My practice:
I haven鈥檛 eaten sushi
My sister bought many cellphones
I have been at the beach serveral times

  • i havent been to london yet
  • i started at platzi in 2020.

I haven鈥檛 been in USA yet
I have traveled to turkey
I have played football