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Present perfect with present reference

3/19
Recursos

Es momento de revisar la segunda forma de usar el presente perfecto: los eventos que ocurrieron en el pasado, pero que siguen ocurriendo en el presente.

I have worked at Platzi for a year / He trabajado en Platzi durante un año.

  • When did Jhon work at Platzi? / ¿Cuándo trabajó Jhon en Platzi?
  • Jhon is working at Platzi right now. / Jhon está trabajando en Platzi en este momento.
  • Jhon joined Platzi 1 year ago. / Jhon se unió a Platzi hace 1 año.

En esta oración sabemos que esta persona empezó a trabajar en Platzi hace un año y que sigue trabajando allí.

Ejemplos utilizando el present perfect

Revisemos unas oraciones para entenderlas mejor.

  • I haven’t finished this class. / No he terminado esta clase.
    La clase empezó en algún momento, pero aún estás en ella.
  • I have eaten pizza today. / Hoy he comido pizza.
    Comiste pizza en el día, pero el día aún no ha terminado. ¡Puedes comer pizza de nuevo!
  • I have been to my sister’s house this week. / He estado en casa de mi hermana esta semana.

Esta oración es un poco más compleja y depende del contexto. Puedes referirte a que has estado en la casa de tu hermano, pero ya no estás allí. También puede ser que has estado en casa de tu hermana, pero la semana aún no ha terminado, por lo que puedes seguir estando allí. Dependiendo del contexto, determinas si la acción ya no sucede en el presente o sí.

Ejercicio para prácticar lo aprendido

Leamos estas tres oraciones y analicemos si los eventos descritos ya sucedieron (past) o aún están sucediendo (still happening).

  • We have had many adventures this year.
  • Mary has moved to London.
  • The movie hasn’t finished yet.

Respuestas

  • Hemos tenido muchas aventuras este año: still happening
  • Mary se ha mudado a Londres: past
  • La película aún no ha terminado: still happening

Extra: Escribe 3 actividades del pasado, pero que siguen ocurriendo en el presente. ¡Las que tú quieras!

Contribución creada con los aportes de: Jose Miguel Veintimilla.

Aportes 622

Preguntas 16

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o inicia sesión.

Actions that started in the past and are still continuing

  • I haven’t finished my homework
  • I have been learning about cryptocurrency this week
  • I have eaten meatballs today
  • I have studied English at Platzi this year
  • I haven’t made workout this week
  • I have been reading a book this month

I have worked in tech industry for a year.
I have learnt english since 2020.
I have trained at a gym for a year.

1st exercise:

  • We have had many adventures this year.

I think this is a tricky one, depends on the context if the year is finishing and you want to summarize, can be a past action. Although I think is more natural to express something that happened in the past but, as the year is not finished yet, the action is continuing in the present because we still can have more adventures this year.

  • Mary has moved to London.

This action happened in the past. Mary moved to London at some point in the past and the action of moving out ended there.

  • The movie hasn’t finished yet.

This action is still happening at the present becuase the movie started in the past but it is not over.

2nd exercise:

  • I have studied at Platzi for three years.

  • Has he been your friend since you are little?

  • I haven’t finished my homework for the next week.

I have been in love before

  1. I have watched this course since yesterday.
  2. Pedro has been recycling bottles this weekend.
  3. I have drunk water all day.

I have started my university classes this year.
She has written a new story.
We have spoken a lot for the new exposition.

  1. first exercise
    Did these actions happen in the past? or are they still happening?
    -We have had many adventures this year? (still)
    -Mary has moved to London (past)
    -The movie hasn´t finished yet (still)

  2. second exercise
    I have begun my diet this week
    I´m surprised, My friend hasn´t bet money since 2020
    We have done housecleaning this day
    Have you begun your diet this week?
    has your friend bet money since 2020?
    Have you done housecleaning this day?

I had studied english past year
I have changed of job this year
I have learned how to cook some foods this month

  • I have been sick this week. 🤒
  • I haven’t watched movies today. 📺
  • I have awoken early this month. 🌄

i have dreamt with fast cars this year
my father has driven to belen this week
i have drawn a beutiful girl today

I have watched films on Netflix today
She has been in the school since morning
My dog hasn´t stopped barking

Tomorrowland´s event hasn’t finished yet.
I have took my fly to Bogota.
I haven´t went to the University today.

  • I have been reading two books in this month
  • I haven’t cleaned up my bedroom
  • I have finished this course in this week
  • I Haven`t eaten my breakfast today
  • I have been waiting my coworker notes this month
  • I have woked out hard today

we have been very busy in this course.
They have played well this season.
she has been funny this mee

  1. I’ve been studying online for the last years.
  2. She hasn’t finished to eat her food.
  3. The baby has been crying for the last hour.

My daughter has learned many things in her new school.
She has read couple of books this month.
My tennis classes hasn´t started yet!

  • I have taken classes at Platzi this year

  • We haven’t finished this course

  • It has rained today

My practice:
I have been started to learn english this year
she has been practicing portuguese these days
I have eaten sushi today

i have studied english all day
I visited the doctor today
I shared all Christmas with my mother

My dog Coco hasn’t finished its food already.
I have been studing Big Data analytic at the university.
My sister Liliana hasn’t been comeback from Quindio deparment.

-I haven´t finished my homework.
-I have drunk soda today.
-My partner has not been at home today.

I have started learning English this year. I have joined to the football team 1 month ago. I have been eating healthy food this week.

I have had learning english in platzi this month
I haven´t finished the clean the house today
I have eaten pizza in USA

I have played with my bother today
he has walked in the farm this week
She hasn’t seen his daughter today

  1. I have studied English for ten months.
  2. I have lived alone for six months.
  3. My father hasn´t worked this week.

we have studied english this month
i won 500 hundred pesos this week
i worked hard this month
i worked at the restaurant of chinnese food this weekend
i cooked beef with vegetables yesterday

  • I have studied English since 2020

  • I haven´t learned English very well.

  • I haven´t finished this course yet.

I have drunk water all day.
I have been reading a book this month.
I haven’t made workout this week.
I have studied English at Platzi this year.

Class practice:

  • I have not finished my English class.
  • I have been learning about React during this month
  • She has not go home yet

I HAVE STUDIED ON PLATZI ONE YEAR AGO
I HAVEN’T DANCED IN JANE`S PARTY

I have worked at home this year
she has learned the numbers this month
we have watched the series

✨the second way to use the present perfect ✨

  • we have sicked this year

  • My pet has grown this year. It will likely grow
    larger if I give it much love and food

  • I haven´t cooked beans yet

we haven´t been in Europa
i have very task today
she hasn´t eaten today

she has worked in his proyect all this month
he has been sick this week
they haven´t finish to build the country house

I haven´t finished the dinner
You has worked hard today
They haven´t taken the train yet

I have driven to fast this week
I have done more exercises this year
You have finished the quote yet

I’ve learned English at Platzy for six months.
I’ve made sandwiches today.
I’ve broken a glass this week.

  1. I have worked at PAG for a year
  2. My son has written his letter for two minutes
  3. I have visited my family this week

I have studied this curse sinse yesterday
I have played soccer the last week
has she played the guitar?

I have studied English at Platzi this year
I haven’t made workout this week
I have been reading a book this month

I haven’t studied English this week.

I have exercised many times this week.

I have learned many things today.

i have worked at the center of my city this year
i have been at my house today
i have saw my cats today

I haven’t finished my english activity yet.
I have gone to Institute all year.
I have said many english words today.

I started play soccer since 2009
I have Been studied in platzi since october of the last year
My mom has been traveling since december of 2022

I haven’t finished my harmony course yet.
I have completed 4 courses on Platzi this week.
Lalo has bought 4 wireless systems this year.

I have been studying at at Platzi for a four months ago, since October to this day.
I have finished mi class satisfactorilly.
I have been reading various readings in the last few days.

I started to work at a school in 2009.
My niece has sleeped one hour ago.
I have been waiting two hours.

My three examples are:

  • Mom hasn’t cooked my birthday cake yet.
  • I have been in the line about three hours waiting for my passport.
  • My cousin had been in the pool all morning.

Keep practicing guys!
😃

I have written a article this week
She has visited her grandmother
They have been training every week

I haven´t finished my english class yet
I’ve been practicing my listening today
my dad has been working hard all the morning

I have studied at Platzi 4 months ago.
I have had studying several courses during last weeks.
I have been thinking of studying a master’s degree, but I don´t still know what area.

I started studying English in Platzi.

I have eaten sushi this week.
I have studied English at Platzi since 2022.
I haven’t worked today.

I haven't passed at cinema I have eaten pasta today have you worked out today?

My examples:

  • He has started a YouTube channel.
  • She has jumped from the plane with parachutes.
  • They worked since eight AM to four PM.
  • I haven´t done my homework and I study for my exam because I´m taking this course.

I have studied English for months with Platzi.
I have moved to Spain.
I have taken care of my cat.

i have studied english at platzi because i will need pass exam
i haven’t finished studies of engineer from bosque university
i have eaten mazorcada today

I’ve been learning english at Platzi
My english has been improving since I started to study at Platzi
People has started to understimate manual working.

I have studied English for three month
I have seen many english videos this week
I have baked cakes all day

I haven´t finished stuying at PLATZI.
I’ve played the guitar this week.
He has cleaned your bedroom already

I have started to study English this year.
I haven’t practiced my speaking.

  1. I have visited Medellín
  2. I have lived in México
  3. I have bought Italian food with my boyfriend
1. I have studied English this day 👧 2. I have to studied for an exam this week 📙 3. I have been studying to play guitar this year 🎸
  • I haven’t done exercise this week.
  • I have studied in Platzy for 2 years
  • I have tried to get up early in the mornings.
  • I have been studying programming
  • I have lived here for a long time
  • The clouds have been black all afternoon
  • I haven´t finished stuying at PLATZI.

  • I have gone to work to the office three times this week the rest I have been in my house doing work from home.

  • I have hurt my leg this weekend when I was in San Carlos.

i haven"t finished my dance class
tania hasn"t moved to spain yet
we have built many plans this year

I haven’t finished this book

i have learning english this week
i havent do my task from last year
i have brush my teeth today

Actions in tha pass that are still happening

  • I have been drinking water all day

  • I have traveled on bus all the week

  • I have lunched too late this month

Marta started studying English last year
Juan traveled through Guatemala for a whole month
Pablo finished studying university

I had studied english past year I have changed of job this year I have learned how to cook some foods this month
1. i Haven't finished this class. 2. I have eaten Pasta today 3. I hace been to my aunt's house this weekend.
  • I haven’t finished exercising yet
  • She has studied all this week
  • Sister’s car has been parked all day

I have learned English since last month.
She has been at my house this year.
We have thought about the final project

Yesica hasn’t bet in the casino yet We have bred owr children very good Has Julio cheated his wife?
I have beaten in some Chess cometition I haven’t beheld an northern ligths Have I dealt whit they?

I have drawn since 2018.
She has seen him since last week.
The have watied for so long.

  • I have worked hardly for this goal.
  • My brother´s dog has been dirtying the garden.
  • Has Stiven arraived late in the week?.

Thanks for your feedback!

  • I have studied at Platzi since 2021

  • I have wanted those sneakers for a year

  • She has been learning English this month

I have had learning english in platzi this year
still happening, past, still happening

I have been married for 16 years.
I have eaten sushi in Japan
I have done rafting in the Sarapiqui river

  • I haven’t finished my Platzi session
  • I have been studied for a month.
  • I haven’t come to my office.
  • i have had many travels this year.
  • i have studied english at platzi
  • i havent drinked coffee today

I have been lived in Malta for 4 months
I have worked like a data analyst
I have improved my english

I haven’t passed the traffic yet.
I haven’t finished the series yet

I have finished the English class

You have played video games today.
I haven’t watched that movie.
We haven’t sold this house.

  • I haven’t finished dinner.
  • I have not finished the Platzi exercises.
  • Today I ate country chicken

Exercise 1:

  1. We have had many adventures this year.
  2. Mary has moved to London.
  3. The movie hasn’t finished yet.
    Anser:
  4. still happening
  5. past
  6. still happening
    Exercise 2:
  7. Maria has traveled a lot this year.
  8. I have studied many things this year.
  9. My cat has eaten a lot this year.

I have’nt finished my homework.
I have studied English at Platzi this year.
I have drunk water all day.

I have worked at yesterdey I haven't finish my book at day
  1. We have had many adventures this year. STILL HAPPENING
  2. Mary has moved to London. PAST
  3. The movie hasn’t finished yet. STILL HAPPENING

☆ I have watched this course since yesterday.
☆ Pedro has been recycling bottles this weekend.
☆ I have drunk water all day.

  • I have watched movies on netflix today.
  • I have studied english for three months.

The world soccer hasn’t finished yet.
I have played Left 4 dead 2 since my childhood.
I haven’t finished my homework.

answers:

  • We have had many adventures this year.
    still happening

  • Mary has moved to London.
    past

  • The movie hasn’t finished yet.
    still happening