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Anaphoric references

16/19
Recursos

La referencia anaf贸rica o an谩fora es una forma de evitar la repetici贸n innecesaria de palabras, en un texto o conversaci贸n, al utilizar pronombres personales. Estos a帽aden un sentido por su relaci贸n con lo que se ha mencionado antes en la conversaci贸n.

Mira estos ejemplos para entender mejor c贸mo se emplean.

  • I ordered a coffee and it tasted awful / Ped铆 un caf茅 y ten铆a un sabor horrible.
  • Mary called Peter but he didn鈥檛 answer / Mary ha llamado a Peter pero no ha contestado.
  • We went to a party last weekend. It was entertaining / Fuimos a una fiesta el fin de semana pasado. Fue entretenida.

Cada palabra en negrita hace referencia al sujeto de la frase anterior y est谩 en cursiva. Se reemplaza por su pronombre para no causar redundancia y no ser repetitivos.

Ejercicio para pr谩cticar uso de an谩foras

Analiza estas oraciones. Presta atenci贸n a las palabras en negrita y encuentra la palabra a la que hace referencia.

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult / No pod铆amos hacer esos ejercicios. Eran muy dif铆ciles.
  • I sent him an email but he never received it / Le envi茅 un correo electr贸nico pero nunca lo recibi贸.
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded / Vi a Mary llorando. Estaba destrozada.

Respuestas:

  1. exercises
  2. email
  3. Mary

Contribuci贸n creada por: Jos茅 Miguel Veintimilla.

Aportes 272

Preguntas 11

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

Anaphoric reference means that word in a text refers back to other word or idea in the text.

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
  2. I sent him an email, but he never received it.
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
  • I enjoy play videogames whit my friends, they鈥檙e very funny
  • My mother鈥檚 cat is really lazy, she sleeps all day
  • I rested a lot on my vacation, I wish to return to those glorious days

Anaphoric reference is when a word in a text refers back to other word

Anaphoric Reference

Read the following article from BBC News and identify any anaphoric references.

Facebook apologizes as services including Instagram hit again
The company said that a 鈥渃onfiguration change鈥 had impacted users globally.
It added that the incident was not related to the outage that saw its products
taken offline for over six hours earlier this week.

Its Facebook, Instagram, Messenger and Workplace products had been affected,
it said.

鈥淲e鈥檙e so sorry if you weren鈥檛 able to access our products during the last couple of hours,鈥 the company said in a statement on Friday evening.

"We know how much you depend on us to communicate with one another.

We fixed the issue -
Thanks again for your patience this week."

Earlier, web monitoring group Downdetector said that for a relatively short period of time on Friday there was an avalanche of messages from users reporting
problems with Instagram.

Some of them immediately took to Twitter and other social media platforms to
complain about the second Instagram disruption and share memes on the issue.
On Monday, Facebook - which owns WhatsApp and Instagram - blamed an
internal technical issue for the major outage which not only affected the firm鈥檚
services, but also employees鈥 work passes and email.

We couldn麓t do those exercises. They were very difficult.
I sent him an email but he never received it.
I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

Yeah the name 鈥渁naphoric references鈥 sounds like a tongue twister, but now it makes a lot more sense.

exercises
mail
Mary

Take a look at these sentences!

  • I ordered a Coffe and it tasted awful.
  • Mary called Peter but he didn篓t answer.
  • We went to a Party last weekend. It was entertaining.

Anaphoric references.

Practice:

Read the following article from BBC News and identify any anaphoric references.

  • 鈥淭he Company鈥 said that鈥
  • 鈥淚ts products鈥 taken鈥
  • Products had been affected, 鈥渋t鈥 said.
  • Was an avalanche of 鈥渕essages鈥 from鈥
  • Some of 鈥渢hem鈥 immediately鈥

Time to practice!

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those EXERCISES. THEY were very difficult.
  • I sent him an EMAIL but he never received IT.
  • I saw MARY crying. SHE was devastated.
  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were difficult.
  • I sent him an email but he never received it.
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

Exercises
Email
Mary

Anaphoric references
means that a word in a text refers back to another word or idea in the text.
examples:

  • I went to the party with Mary, she was bored all night.
  • In the evening study English class ,so very interesting for me it.

I have a friend named Ana鈥

.

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
  • I sent him an email but he never received it.
  • You saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
  • I was in a Zoom meeting when suddenly it closed.
  • You were in love with her until you realize it was just an emotional attachment.

They - exercises
It - e-mail
She - Mary

  • The exercises
  • The e-mail
  • Mary
  • exercises

  • email

  • Mary

exercises
email
Mary

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.

  • I sent him an email, but he never received it.

  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

They 鈫 it麓s talking about exercises.
it 鈫 email.
She 鈫 Mary

1. exercise 2. email 3. Mary
  1. They - The exercises
  2. It - The email
  3. She - Mary

Exercises
An email
Mary

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
I sent him an email, but he never received it.
I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.


I ordered a Coffee and it tasted awful.
Mary called Peter but he didn鈥檛 answer.
We went to a Party last weekend. It was entertaining

We couldn't do those exercises. They we're very difficult. I sent him an email but he never received it. I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
  1. Exercises
  2. Email
    3.Mary
  1. We couldn鈥檛 do the exercises. They were very difficult.
  2. I sent him an email but he never recived it.
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
  • We couldn鈥檛 do the exercises. They were very difficult.
  • I sent him an email but he never recived it.
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
great course
  • I sent her a message but she never read it

  • I saw Mario stronger. He is training hard

  • I bought a t-shirt online, but it doesn鈥檛 fit me

I need that coming with me, this scares me.
驴Could you help me to move the table?, it鈥檚 very heavy.

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult / No pod铆amos hacer esos ejercicios. Eran muy dif铆ciles.

I sent him an email but he never received it / Le envi茅 un correo electr贸nico pero nunca lo recibi贸.

I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded / Vi a Mary llorando. Estaba destrozada.

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
I sent him an email, but he never received it.
I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

Exercises
Email
Mary

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
    EXERCISES
  • I sent him an email, but he never received it.
    EMAIL
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
    MARY
1. My mom is eating a lot, she is worried. 2. I called him yesterday afternoon. He didn't answer me. 3. My cousins 鈥嬧媋re coming on a trip. They are very happy.

Exercise:

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
  2. I sent him an email, but he never received it.
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
    Exerecise 2:
  4. I ordered a Coffe and it tasted awful.
  5. Mary called Peter but he didn篓t answer.
  6. We went to a Party last weekend. It was entertaining.

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
Exercises.
I sent him an email but he never received it.
Email.
I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded.
Mary.
Facebook apologises. The company
It. It.
Messages. Them.

I ordered a Coffe and it tasted awful.
Mary called Peter but he didn篓t answer.
We went to a Party last weekend. It was entertaining.

Julia went to the park to make exercises but she is tired.
  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
    EXERCISES
  • I sent him an email, but he never received it.
    EMAIL
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
    MARY
  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
    Exercises
  2. I sent him an email but he never received it
    Email
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded
    Mary

-We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
exercises
-I sent him an email but he never received it.
email
-I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded.
Mary

  • Exercises

  • Email

  • Mary

Thanks for today鈥檚 class

Excellent class

Very interesting class

Anaphoric references .

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises . They were very difficult .
  2. I sent him an email but he never received it
  3. I saw Mary crying . She was devastated
    Answers.
  4. Exercises
  5. Email
  6. Mary

Read the following article from BBC News and identify any anaphoric references.
.

  1. The company: It.
    .
  2. Users: Them

What does the word in bold refer to?
.

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
    THEY: EXERCISES.
    .
  2. I sent him an email but he never received it.
    IT: EMAIL.
    .
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.
    SHE: MARY.
  1. exercises
  2. email
  3. Mary
excellent
  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
    exercises
  • I sent him an email, but he never received it
    email
  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated
    Mary

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
I sent him an email but he never received** it**
I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded

Take a look at these sentences!

I ordered a Coffe and it tasted awful.
Mary called Peter but he didn篓t answer.
We went to a Party last weekend. It was entertaining.

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
    exercises
  2. I sent him an email but he never received it
    email
  3. I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded
    Mary
exelente

Exercises
Email
Mary

  1. We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
  2. I sent him an** email** but he never received it
  3. saw Mary crying ** She_**_ was devastaded

PRACTICE:
鈼廤e couldn鈥檛 do those exercise. They were very difficult.
鈼廔 sent him an email but he never received it.
鈼廔 saw Mary crying. She was devasted.

  1. exercises
  2. email
  3. Mary

Interesting, I like when teachers have different ways to explain something.

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
I sent him an **++email ++**but he never received it /
I saw **++Mary ++**crying. She was devastaded

PRACTICE:
鈼廤e couldn鈥檛 do those exercise. They were very difficult.
鈼廔 sent him an email but he never received it.
鈼廔 saw Mary crying. She was devasted.

CRIYING

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.
I sent him an email, but he never received it.
I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

thank you teacher

excellent class!!!

EXTRA PRACTICE

  1. Excercises
  2. Email
  3. Mary

great!!

. Excercises
. email
. Mary

When I worked in San Jose, I always felt irritated because the city was very crowded.
I had a very difficult coworker. He made me feel very frustrated.
In my last job, I had a lot of pressure. The company needed to produce too many products.
They did not pay me the bonus this year so I decided to quit my job
When I worked last year, I had the best experience of my life. I felt so motivated and happy.

  • Exercises

  • Email

  • Mary

We couldn鈥檛 do thoose exercises.

Good

I get it

  • We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult.

  • I sent him an email but he never received it.

  • I saw Mary crying. She was devastated.

We couldn鈥檛 do those exercises. They were very difficult
I sent him an email but he never received it
I saw Mary crying. She was devastaded