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Pronombres personales en Inglés

9/20
Recursos

Una parte esencial del aprendizaje del inglés son los pronombres personales. Veamos qué son los pronombres personales y su importancia en la construcción de frases.

¿Qué son los pronombres personales y por qué son importantes?

Los pronombres personales en inglés son aquellas palabras que sustituyen a los sustantivos para referirse a las personas, animales o cosas sin tener que nombrarlas repetidamente. Son fundamentales al hablar o escribir, ya que facilitan la comunicación y la hacen más fluida.

¿Cuál es la relación entre pronombres personales y los verbos?

Cada pronombre personal se acompaña de un verbo en una forma única que concuerda con él. Por ejemplo, "I am" (Yo soy) o "She is" (Ella es). Aquí una guía rápida de referencia:

  • "I am" (Yo soy)
  • "You are" (Tú eres)
  • "He is" (Él es)
  • "She is" (Ella es)
  • "It is" (Eso es)
  • "We are" (Nosotros somos)
  • "They are" (Ellos son)

Ahora practiquemos con los siguientes ejemplos:

  • "I am" (Yo soy): I am a student.
  • "You are" (Tú eres): You are my best friend.
  • "He is" (Él es): He is a talented musician.
  • "She is" (Ella es): She is a skilled painter.
  • "It is" (Eso es): It is a beautiful day outside.
  • "We are" (Nosotros somos): We are a team working on a project.
  • "They are" (Ellos/ellas son): They are passionate about environmental issues.

¿Por qué el pronombre "you" es especial?

A diferencia de otros idiomas, el inglés utiliza "you" tanto en singular como en plural. Esto significa que se puede referir a una persona ("You are talented", Tú eres talentoso) o a varias ("You are all invited", Todos ustedes están invitados).

El uso de "she","he" y"they"

Cada uno de estos pronombres tiene un propósito específico:

  • "She" se usa para las personas que se identifican como femeninas.
  • "He" para aquellos que se identifican como masculinos.
  • "They" es especial, ya que puede ser usado tanto para el plural como en singular para referirse a personas que no se identifican dentro del binomio masculino/femenino.

¿Cómo utilizamos "it" en inglés?

"It" es el pronombre personal que se usa para referirse a objetos o cosas sin vida. Por ejemplo, se dice "It is a car" para hablar de un coche.

  1. Sabías que también se puede usar "it" cuando nos referimos a objetos, ideas o situaciones sin género específico, observa la siguiente oración: "Look at the sky. It's so clear today."
  2. También se puede utilizar "it" para referirnos a animales de manera general o cuando el género del animal es desconocido, por ejemplo: "I saw a cat in the garden. It looked friendly."
  3. Se utiliza "it" para describir situaciones climáticas y momentos específicos en el tiempo, por ejemplo: "What's the weather like today? Is it raining?"
  4. Para realizar referencias a algo mencionado en una conversación se puede utilizar "it" por ejemplo: "I bought a new phone. It has a powerful camera."
  5. En construcciones impersonales, "it" se utiliza para expresar situaciones generales o impersonales. Por ejemplo: "It is said that he will arrive late."
  6. "It" a menudo se utiliza para referirse a eventos o situaciones que se mencionarán o discutirán más adelante en la conversación. Por ejemplo: "We have a meeting at 3 pm. It will be in the conference room."

Ejercicio práctico

Ahora es tu turno de poner en práctica lo aprendido. ¿Qué pronombres utilizarías para referirte a tu vecino, tu hermana, tu padre o un compañero de clase? Anímate a escribir tus respuestas en la sección de comentarios, comparte con la comunidad tus ejercicios.

El dominio de los pronombres personales es un paso crucial en el camino hacia la fluidez en inglés. No dudes en repasar y practicar constantemente, y recuerda, la comunidad de aprendizaje está aquí para apoyarte en este emocionante viaje lingüístico. 

Contribución editada por: Isaac Marti Ubeda González

Aportes 1966

Preguntas 58

Ordenar por:

¿Quieres ver más aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

  • Your Neighbor? He/She
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He left for cigarettes
  • Your classmate? he/she/they?

I am Nacho

Subject Pronoun

  • I(me)
  • He(male identify)
  • She(Female identify)
  • They(plural or unisex)
  • It (things or objects/asexual, singular)
  • We (Plural or singular incluiding me)
  • You(singular and plural)

Love to see “they” being taught as a singular form and part of inclusive language ✨

📒📝 Here is my homework:
What pronouns do you use for…

  • Your neighbor?
    For my neighbor I use HE 🧔🏻‍♂️or SHE 👩🏻‍🦰

  • Your sister?
    For my sister I use SHE 👩🏻

  • Your father?
    For my father I use HE 👨🏻‍🦱

  • A classmate?
    For a classmate I use HE 🧔🏻‍♂️ or SHE 👩🏻‍🦰

😃

What pronouns do you use for…

  • Your neighbor? He / She
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He
  • A classmate? He / She

✍🏻 It’s my turn


What pronouns do you use for:

  • Your neighbor? He / She / They

  • Your sister? She

  • Your father? He

  • A classmate? He / She / They

What pronouns do you use for…

  • your neighbor? HE/SHE/THEY.
  • your sister? SHE.
  • your father? HE.
  • your classmate? HE/SHE/THEY.

Aunque tradicionalmente “they” se utiliza para el plural, en la actualidad se usa también como un pronombre singular de género neutro en situaciones específicas para respetar la identidad de género de las personas.

“It is” es una frase que puede tener varios significados dependiendo del contexto. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones de ejemplo con “it is”:

It is a beautiful day. (Es un día hermoso.)
It is important to exercise regularly. (Es importante hacer ejercicio regularmente.)
It is my favorite movie. (Es mi película favorita.)
It is time to go to bed. (Es hora de ir a dormir.)
It is a challenge, but I can do it. (Es un desafío, pero puedo hacerlo.)
It is raining outside. (Está lloviendo afuera.)
It is a big decision. (Es una decisión importante.)
It is his turn to speak. (Es su turno de hablar.)
It is a cat. (Es un gato.)
It is the key to success. (Es la clave del éxito.)

Your neighbod? he,she or they
Your sister? She
Your father? He
A classmate? she, he or they

What pronouns do you use for…

  1. They are your neighbor?
  2. She is your sister?
  3. He is your father?
  4. He is my classmate?

“He is” es una frase que significa “él es” en español. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones con “he is”:

He is a doctor. (Él es médico.)
He is my brother. (Él es mi hermano.)
He is very tall. (Él es muy alto.)
He is a good friend. (Él es un buen amigo.)
He is from France. (Él es de Francia.)
He is coming to the party. (Él viene a la fiesta.)
He is an excellent cook. (Él es un excelente cocinero.)
He is the manager of the company. (Él es el gerente de la empresa.)
He is interested in art. (Él está interesado en el arte.)
He is wearing a blue shirt. (Él lleva una camisa azul.)

“She is” es una frase que significa “ella es” en español. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones con “she is”:

She is a teacher. (Ella es maestra.)
She is my best friend. (Ella es mi mejor amiga.)
She is very talented. (Ella es muy talentosa.)
She is from Italy. (Ella es de Italia.)
She is attending the conference. (Ella está asistiendo a la conferencia.)
She is an artist. (Ella es una artista.)
She is wearing a red dress. (Ella está usando un vestido rojo.)
She is a great singer. (Ella es una gran cantante.)
She is studying biology. (Ella está estudiando biología.)
She is the CEO of the company. (Ella es la directora ejecutiva de la empresa.)

Hello! 😄

  • Your neighbor? He/She.

  • Your sister ? She.

  • Your Father? He.

  • A Classmate? He / She/ They.

Pronombres Personales: Son palabras que sustituyen a los sustantivos para referirse a personas, animales o cosas sin tener que nombrarlos repetidamente. Son fundamentales al hablar o escribir, ya que facilitan la comunicación y la hacen mas fluida Pronombres del Sujeto: * I: Yo (ai) * You: Tú/Usted ( yu) * He: Él (ji) * She: Ella (shi) * We: Nosotros/Nosotras (gui) * They: Ellos / Ellas ( dei) * It: Ello con objetos y animales (it) Subject pronouns+ verbo Example: * I am inactive * You are inactive * We are not active * She is online * He is offline * They are online Subject pronouns Review: * Me: A mi * He: Male identity (identidad masculina) * She: Female identity (identidad femenina) * They: Plural or unisex (unisexo) * It: Axesual, singular * We: Plural or singular including me * You: Singular and plural
you neighbor- he your sister- she you father- he A classmate- she, he, they

“You are” es una frase que significa “tú eres” o “usted es” en español. También se utiliza para referirse a un grupo de personas de manera informal o formal, según el contexto. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones con “you are”:

You are my friend. (Tú eres mi amigo/amiga.)
You are a talented musician. (Tú eres un músico talentoso/talentosa.)
You are invited to the party. (Estás invitado/invitada a la fiesta.)
You are from Spain. (Eres de España.)
You are doing a great job. (Estás haciendo un trabajo excelente.)
You are the winner. (Eres el ganador/la ganadora.)
You are the teacher. (Usted es el profesor/la profesora.)
You are my inspiration. (Tú eres mi inspiración.)
You are responsible for the project. (Eres responsable del proyecto.)
You are all welcome here. (Todos ustedes son bienvenidos aquí.)

We are" es una frase que significa “nosotros somos” o “nosotras somos” en español. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones con “we are”:

We are students. (Nosotros somos estudiantes.)
We are going to the beach this weekend. (Nosotros vamos a la playa este fin de semana.)
We are a family. (Somos una familia.)
We are working on a project. (Estamos trabajando en un proyecto.)
We are happy to be here. (Estamos felices de estar aquí.)
We are from different countries. (Somos de diferentes países.)
We are attending the conference. (Estamos asistiendo a la conferencia.)
We are going on a trip together. (Vamos a hacer un viaje juntos.)
We are the team captains. (Somos los capitanes del equipo.)
We are part of the same club. (Somos parte del mismo club.)

“They are” es una frase que significa “ellos son” o “ellas son” en español. Aquí tienes algunas oraciones con “they are”:

They are my classmates. (Ellos son mis compañeros de clase.)
They are coming to the party. (Ellos van a venir a la fiesta.)
They are very talented musicians. (Ellos son músicos muy talentosos.)
They are on vacation in Europe. (Ellos están de vacaciones en Europa.)
They are married. (Ellos están casados.)
They are the winners of the competition. (Ellos son los ganadores de la competencia.)
They are working on a project together. (Ellos están trabajando en un proyecto juntos.)
They are from different countries. (Ellos son de diferentes países.)
They are wearing matching outfits. (Ellos están usando conjuntos a juego.)
They are my favorite band. (Ellos son mi banda favorita.)

I am online 🟢

He is my neighboor.
She is my sister.
He is my father.
She is my classmate.

✨ Here is my homework:
What pronouns do you use for…

  • Your neighbor?

  • For my neighbor I use HE or SHE

  • Your sister?

  • For my sister I use SHE

  • Your father?

  • For my father I use HE

  • A classmate?

  • For a classmate I use HE or SHE

  • Your neighbor? He/She
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He
  • A classmate? He/She
  1. HE OR SHE
  2. SHE
  3. HE
  4. SHE OR HE

What pronouns do you use for…

  • Your neighbor?
    I use “He” and “She”.

  • Your sister?
    I use “She”.

  • Your father?
    I use “He”.

  • A classmate?
    I use “He”, “She”, and “You”.

  • Your neighbor? He / she
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He
  • A Classmate? He / she

What pronouns do you use for

  • Your neighbod? he,she or they
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He
  • A classmate? she, he or they
  • He / she
  • She
  • He
  • He / she
  1. They
  2. She
  3. He
  4. They

Your Neighbor? He/She/They
Your sister? She
Your father? He
Your classmate? He/She/They

  • He/She
  • She
  • He
  • She/He

Your neighbor? He-She
Your sister? She
Your father? He
A classmate? He-She

neighbor - she or he
sister - she
father - he
classmate- he

He and she
She
He
He, she and they

your neighbor? he/she
your sister? She
yor father? He
A classmate? he/she/They

  1. Your neighbor? She/He
  2. Your sister? She
  3. Your father? He
  4. A classmate? He/She/They
  • Your Neighbor? He/She
  • Your sister? She
  • Your father? He
  • Your classmate? he/she/they

Your neighbor? He / She / They

Your sister? She

Your father? He

A classmate? He / She / They

You neighbor = we use he /she / they
You sister = we use she
Your father= we use he
A classmate= we use he / she / we / they

Hi friends.

Your neighbor? She/He
Your sister? She
Your father? He
A classmate? She/He/They

🔴What pronous do you use for🔴
◽She/he
◽She
◽He
◽He/She/They

he / she / he / we

your neighbor: HE/SHE
your sister: SHE
your father: HE
a classmate: he/she

todo bien pero sólo hay 2 géneros, es biología básica, no sean progres.
1. Your neighbor? = He 2. Your sister? = She 3. Your father? = He 4. A classmate? = They
You neighbor: he/she/ they your sister: she/we are you father: he a classmate: we are/they
Your Neighbor: They, She, he Your sister: She Your Father: He A Classmate: Theym She, He
* He, she, they * She * He * He, she, they
your neighbor: i use he/she your sister: i use she your father: i use he a classmate: i use he/she
Your neighbor? She or He Your sister? She Your father? He A classmate? She or He
your neighbor? he / she your sister?she your father? he your classmate? he / she / they
* Your neighbor? **He / She** * Your sister? **She** * Your father? **He** * A classmate? **He / She**
1- you,he,she 2- she 3- he 4- you,he,she
He/She She He He/She/They
your neighbor? she/he your sister ? she Your Father ? he A classmate ? she / he / they
* Your Neighbor? **He/She** * Your sister? **She** * Your father? **He** * Your classmate? **they**
* Your neighbor? he/she * Yor sister? she * Your father? he * A classmate? he/she/they
* Your neighbor? **He / She** * Your sister? **She** * Your father? **He** * A classmate? **He / She**/they
You neighbor - He or She. you sister- She Your Father-He You Classmate-He.
I didn't know that "they" could be usde for plural and singular.
* **Your neighbor?** **HE/** **SHE** * **Your sister?** **SHE** * **Your father?** **HE** * **A classmate?** **HE /SHE**
* your neighbor? / he or she * your sister? / she * your father? he * a classmate? he , she or they
Your neighbor? He/She Your sister? She Your father? He A classmate? He/She/They
He neighbor she sister he father they classmate or she or he
Hi! I am Online! I use... * Neighbor: He/She * Sister: She * Father: He * Clasmate: He/She
You neigthbor? She/He Your sister? She Your fhater? He A classmaye? She/ He / They
* Your neighbor? She/He. * Your sister? She. * Your father? He. * A classmate? She/He/They
What pronouns do you use for: Homework * He/She/They * She * He * He/She/They
1. **he is** my neighbor or **she is** my neighbor and **they are** my neighbor 2. **she is** sister 3. **he is** my father 4. **he is** my classmate or **she is** my classmate and **they are** my classmate
* He/She * She * He * He/she
Exercise: My neighbor: You/She/He My sister: She/You My father: He/You A classmate: She/He/You
He is my neighbor She is my sister He is my father He is my classmate
uh hi it my turn teacher
she is my sister them are my family them are my parents I have one sister she is online he is office they are online
subject pronoun verb
I am He is She is They are We are You are great teacehr I got it
ohhh
* **ACTIVITY** * Your Neighbor? ***He/She*** * Your sister? ***She*** * Your father? ***He*** * Your classmate? H**e/She/**
* Your neighbor? He/She * Your sister? She * Your father? He * A classmate? He/she/they
Your neighbor? He /she Your sister ? she your father ? he A classmate? he /she/they
Your neighbor? **He**/**She** Your sister? **She** Your father? **He** A classmate? **He**/**She**
Homework: What pronouns do you use for? * Your neighbor? He or She * Your sister? She * Your father? He * A classmate? He or She
Pronons •Your neighbor? She/He •Your sister? She •Your father? He •A classmate? He/she
* Your neighbor? He, She * Your sister? She * Your father? He * A classmate? He, she
* Your neighbor? He / She / They * Your sister? She * Your father? He * A classmate? He / She / They
* Your neighbor? **He / She** * Your sister? **She** * Your father? **He** * A classmate? **He / She**
Your neighbor? He/she Your sister? She Your father? He A classmate? He/she/They
* He or She * She * He * He or she
1. he 2. she 3. he 4. he/she
![](https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/Screenshot_20240515_000518-e1b46dce-e371-42d2-99ac-93a7532bc9d4.jpg)
* Your neighbor? He or She * Your sister? She * You father? He * A classmate? She or He

Your neighbor SHE/HE
Your sister SHE
Your Father HE
A classmate HE/SHE/THEY

* He is my neightbor. * She is my sister. * He is my father. * She is my classmate.
* He / She * She * He * He / She / They
* NEIGHBOR (THEY'RE MY NEIHBORS) * SISTER (SHE'S MY SISTER) * FATHER (HE'S MY FATHER) * CLASSMATE (WE'RE CLASSMATE)
* your neighbor?: she or he * Your sister?: she * your father? he * A classmate? They, she or he
your neighbor? HE or SHE your sister? SHE your father? HE A classmate? HE or SHE