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Tu primer clustering con scikit-learn

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驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

Hola
Les comparto una manera de graficar los clusters un poco mas sencilla.

Template para plotly que colocaremos en un notebook en el mismo directorio

import plotly.graph_objects as go
import plotly.io as pio

pio.templates['new_template'] = go.layout.Template()
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['font'] = {'family': 'verdana', 'size': 16, 'color': 'white'}
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['paper_bgcolor'] = 'black'
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['plot_bgcolor'] = 'black'
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['xaxis'] = {'title_standoff': 10, 'linecolor': 'black', 'mirror': True, 'gridcolor': '#EEEEEE'}
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['yaxis'] = {'title_standoff': 10, 'linecolor': 'black', 'mirror': True, 'gridcolor': '#EEEEEE'}
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['legend_bgcolor'] = 'rgb(117, 112, 179)'
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['height'] = 700
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['width'] = 1000
pio.templates['new_template']['layout']['autosize'] = False

pio.templates.default = 'new_template'

Ejecutamos con funciones magicas el notebook del template

%run "template_visualitation.ipynb"

Funcion para visualizar los scatter plot con plotlly

import plotly.graph_objects as go
import plotly.express as px


def graficar_clusters_plotly(x,y, color, show=True):
    global fig1
    fig1 = go.Figure()
    y_uniques = pd.Series(y).unique()

    for _ in y_uniques:
        fig1.add_traces(data=px.scatter(x=x[y==_][:,0], y=x[y==_][:,1],opacity=0.8, color_discrete_sequence=[color[_]]).data)

    fig1.update_layout(showlegend=True)
    fig1.show()

Ejecutamos nuestra funcion

graficar_clusters_plotly(x,y, ['red', 'blue', 'green', 'white'])

Eliminar o comentar la linea del notebook que contiene el siguiente codigo, no afecta la clusterizacion con KMeans:

x, y = df_blobls[['x1','x2']], df_blobls['y']

Agregamos un color ya que ahora tenemos 5 centroides

graficar_clusters_plotly(x,y_pred, ['red', 'blue', 'green', 'white', 'yellow'])

Hola, no me queria funcionar el codigo en la linea

fig, ax = plt.subplots(1,1, figsize=(15,10))

Si alguien tiene ese mismo error, mi solucion fue importar subplots

from matplotlib.pyplot import subplots

Y luego eliminar 鈥減lt鈥 de la linea de codigo.

fig, ax = subplots(1,1, figsize=(15,10))

Espero le sirva a alguien

A modo de aporte para ir m谩s all谩 de estos modelos b谩sicos que se ven. Les recomiendo revisar

  1. HDBSCAN: como saben DBSCAN es parametrico y requiere por ejemplo el valor de un valor epsilon. Este modelo trata de refinar y ayudarnos para evitar tratar de tunear dicho parametro
  2. Gaussian mixtures: Estos modelos b谩sicos tienen problemas para detectar datos anomalos. Este algoritmo permite deterctar datos anomalos, asignando una probabilidad a que cada dato pertenezca a una distribucion gaussina

Otra forma de graficar los clusters:

plt.figure(figsize=(6,6))
def plot_blobs(x, y, ax, cmap='viridis'):
    labels = np.unique(y)
    cmap_ = plt.get_cmap(cmap, lut=len(labels))
    for label in labels:
        sub_idx = np.argwhere(y == label).ravel()
        sub_x = x[sub_idx]
        sub_y = y[sub_idx]
        ax.scatter(sub_x[:,0], sub_x[:,1], color=cmap_(label), label=label)

plot_blobs(x,y, plt.gca(), cmap='Dark2')
plt.legend()
plt.show()

This is a function definition for a function called plot_2d_clusters that takes in three arguments: x, y, and ax.

The function does the following:

It first creates a Pandas Series object from the y argument, and then uses the unique method of the Series to find the unique values in y. It stores the resulting array of unique values in the variable y_uniques.

It then enters a loop, in which it iterates over the unique values in y_uniques. On each iteration of the loop, the function plots the data points in x where the corresponding value in y is equal to the current unique value being iterated over.

The plot is created using the plot method of the DataFrame object x, which is passed the following arguments:

title: a string that is the title of the plot, which is constructed using string interpolation to insert the number of unique values in y into the string.
kind: the type of plot to create, which is set to 鈥榮catter鈥.
x: the name of the column in x to use as the x-axis data.
y: the name of the column in x to use as the y-axis data.
marker: a string that specifies the marker to use for the data points in the plot, which is constructed using string interpolation to insert the current unique value being iterated over into the string.
ax: the Matplotlib Axes object to use for the plot.
It鈥檚 worth noting that this function does not return anything, but instead creates a plot using the ax argument.