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Past Perfect Tense with Time Adverbials

4/23
Recursos

Una manera de crear oraciones m谩s sofisticadas en el ingl茅s para expresar el orden de sucesos de distintas acciones, es haciendo uso del pasado perfecto en combinaci贸n con adverbiales de tiempo.

驴Qu茅 son los adverbiales de tiempo?

Los adverbiales de tiempo son palabras, frases o cl谩usulas que funcionan como un adverbio. Recordar谩s que los adverbios expresan alguna relaci贸n de manera o calidad.

Tendemos a utilizar adverbiales de tiempo en conjunto con el pasado perfecto para unir oraciones con palabras como:

  • After
  • Before
  • When
  • By the time
  • Until

Recordemos c贸mo es el pasado perfecto

No est谩 de m谩s recordar tambi茅n brevemente c贸mo es la estructura del pasado perfecto. Utilizamos este tiempo verbal para hablar de acciones que finalizaron o fueron completadas en el pasado.

Past Perfect: subject + had + past participle

Por ejemplo: I had performed at many prestigious concert halls when I used to play the saxophone.

Pasado perfecto + adverbiales de tiempo

La combinaci贸n del pasado perfecto y de los adverbiales de tiempo nos servir谩n para expresar el orden de ocurrencia de los hechos. La primera cl谩usula se expresa en pasado perfecto, mientras que la segunda cl谩usula se expresa en pasado simple. El adverbial de tiempo es el conector entre ambas.

Veamos algunos ejemplos: - He had finished his song before he uploaded it. - He hadn't finished his Platzi course until they offered him a great job. - I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball. - She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with the company.

Observemos qu茅 ejemplo podemos encontrar en el roleplay de hace algunas clases:

  • I hadn't talked to Cory before he decided on the meeting times.

Conclusi贸n

La combinaci贸n de diferentes tiempos verbales y de adverbiales de tiempo es lo que har谩 que tu ingl茅s sea mucho m谩s sofisticado y con un verdadero nivel B2. Contin煤a practicando oraciones con estos consejos.


Contribuci贸n creada por: Kevin Fiorentino (Platzi Contributor).

Aportes 89

Preguntas 4

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1- I had started playing basketball after I quitted playing basball.
2-He had finished the report right before his printer broke.
3- She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.


1-I had done the homework before I went to the cinema.
2-I had been playing videogames until she came home.
3-I had been long hair around the time when I鈥檚 16 years old.
4-She had walked briefly following when she arrived to where she was.

  • I had exercised before I started with my swimming lessons.

  • She had worked until her received an emergency call.

  • He had studied the courses by the time his prepared the dinner.

  • I had been returned to my home briefly following when the jazz festival finished.

SUMMARY:

  • TIME ADVERBIAL expresses some relationship of time (after, before, when, by the time, until Saturday, any time between now and October).

  • PAST PERFECT TENSE refers to actions that were done or complemented in the past. Structure: subject + had + past participle

  • PAST PERFECT + ADVERBIALS: these concepts are combined by this structure: PAST PERFECT SENTENCE + TIME ADVERBIAL + SIMPLE PAST SENTENCE.

Time Adverbials:
For the past perfect tense, we tend to use adverbials of time:

  • after
  • before
  • when
  • by the time
  • until saturday
  • any time between now and October
  • Others
He had finished the report right before his printer broke I had bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview **Practice:** I had traveled to mendoza before I went to B.A. this year I hadn't joined a gym until my company offered me a discount. Around the time when I was living in B.A. I had the opportunity to live a completely new lifestyle. Briefly following when I had been fired from my last job, I was offered a position at a new one.
* He had started playing basketball shortly after He quit playing baseball. * He had finished the report right before his printer broke. * I had bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview with the company.

I had worked in a nice company shortly after I got a new position in my current job.
They had made the tasks before the deadline came.
I had studied at the university around the time when I realised that Platzi is the future.
He had played the instrument briefly following when he decided to leave the academy.

shortly after, right before, by the time, around the time when, briefly following when

shortly after, right before, by the time, around the time, briefly following when

\- I had started work as developer before i was 19 years old. \- I hadn't matured until the start of the pandemic \- I had bought a blackberry phone around the time when this was in fashion \- I had pushed the button briefly following when the machine broke
i bought my new guitar before i get the amplifier i couldn't pay the rent, i will to pay until early tommorow i was to practiced basketball around the time, when i was studying in the high school i run in my bicycle briefly, in the afternoons when i go out to my job
* My family had already eaten before I got home. * I hadn't done anything until I saw how late it was. * I had been working out around the time when the pandemic started. * My brother had broken his leg briefly following when I arrived home.
\*Practice They had played basketball shortly after they played baseball. Luckily, I had finished the report right before his printer broke. She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.
  • I had completed this class before I went to the grocery store.
  • They hadn鈥檛 finished decorating the house until midnight arrived.
  • Around the time when it started to rain, we had already finished walking around the park.
  • Briefly following when the sun went down, we had turned on the candles for dinner.

I had finished the task just before I had the presentation
I had played videogames until my mom arrived
I had eaten my pizza when she arrived at the house

I had the restaurant BEFORE the pandemic with my husband, UNTIL the president declared emergency sanitary. AROUND THE TIME WHEN we did sell so much orders and we had exceptionally well, we made together the dreams job becouse we are chef.we had decided sell closed door briefly follwing when the people didn't want spent to delivery food, we closed the resturant .
* I had started playing basketball shortly after i quit playing baseball. * She had finished the report right before his priter broke. * I had bought a new blouse by the time i had an interview. * I had eaten the sandwich before i took the bus. * I had climbed the mountain all the way to the top. * I had been watching you until the moment when you had done the exam.

Past perfect (had + pp) + adverbial time + past simple

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball.

I had finish the report right before his printer was broken.

I had bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview.

I had big brunch before my sister called the delivery

Fanny had worked hard until she felt betray by the team

I had regularly workout around the time when I choose to take part in the competition

I had complete the task briefly following when she decided to go to the park.

  • I hadn鈥檛 completed my English course before I started to study another one.

  • She had run 10 kilometers until she** fell on** the floor.

  • We had bought tons of new shoes around the time when** we were** broke.

  • She had decided to stop smoking briefly following when they told her about her lung cancer.

  1. I had worked out before the gym closed

2.I had gone to the coffe shop until I saw my gym crush

3.I had eaten a burrito around the time when I took the bus

4.I had spoken my story briefly following when the thunder hit the roof

We had done that trip before my license expired. That was a relief.
She hadn麓t seen the necessity of insurance until her best friend got robbed.
They had already arrived home by the time when the earthquake happened.
The minister had ordered to postpone the conference briefly following when he received the new agenda.

*She had started playing basketball after she quitted laying baseball.
*He had finished his report righ before his printer broke.

  • I had bought a new blouse by the time I had a job interview.

*I had smiled him before I knew he was my ex.
*They hadn麓t had their lunch until it was too late.
*He had prepared a surprise for his girlfriend around the time she was mad.
*I had ordered a pizza briefly following when they arrived.

  1. I had turned off the music volume before everyone realized the speakers were not playing anything.
  2. I hadn鈥檛 seen your message until I arrived home.
  3. She had made the presentation around the time when John finished the project.
  4. They had cooked the dinner briefly following when he came back home.
  • I had passed the exam arounf the time when I was listen the voicechat in Platzi.
  • They had started playing basketball shortly after they quited playing baseball.
  • He had finished the report right before his printer broke.
  • She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.

I had completed the task before my time was up.

He had complained about your life until he realized that life lasts a short time.

he had not visited New York around the time when he was young.

We had lived in Bogot谩 briefly following when we finished university.

My examples:

  • Before:
    I hadn鈥檛 eaten anything before I had my first date with him
    She had drunk too much water before she went to bed last night.
    He hadn鈥檛 known Aqua group before he went to the concert with his mom.
    They hadn鈥檛 studied English before they did the exam.

  • Until:
    He had laughed loudly until his mom scolded him.
    She had been worried until her son called her.
    I hadn鈥檛 talked to my brother until my dad forced me.
    We had decided to travel until the weather turned bad.

  • Around the time when:
    I had learned piano around the time when I was in school.
    I had bought a new computer around the time when I started working.
    He had practiced karate around the time when he was in the university.
    She had travelled to mexico around the time when she lived with her parents.

  • Briefly following when:
    I had played soccer briefly following when my dad gave me a ball for birthday.
    I had studied magic briefly following when my friend showed me a magic trick.
    He had written a book briefly following when he survived in a desert.
    She had broken up with his boyfriend briefly following when he cheated on her with her friend.

Exercise
-I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball.
-They had finished the report right before his printer broke.
-I had already bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview.
Practice
-I had already painted hundreds of masterpieces before she was even born.
-He had danced all night until he got sick.
-Maria had done her homework around the time when he started putting music.
-Pablo had studied really hard briefly following when he lost an exam.

  • I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball
  • I had finished the Report right before my printer broke
  • I had bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview

Workshop (Don鈥檛 see it if you haven麓t solved it!)

  • My sister鈥檚 friends had turned off the movie when I had my Zoom call , so the sound was playing in the background. It was so embarrassing!

  • Sorry man, I had not seen your message by the time I left the store , so I didn鈥檛 know you needed me to pick up mustard for the barbecue. I hope this doesn鈥檛 ruin our friendship.

  • By the time he had published his first book, his entire mindset about Freud and Jung changed completelly.

  • How dare you lie to my face like this? I know for a fact that you had started your homework until Wendy had the courage to tell you what a lazy fool you鈥檝e been!

  • My nose was so congested! Luckily, I had gone to the pharmacy to pick up a prescription right before they closed

  • I hadn麓t studied english before I knew about platzi (just joking)
  • They had held the flag until they got tired.{
  • She had meant something else around the time when she was discovered.
  • I had had an idea briefly following when my friend arrived and then i forgot what it was

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quited playing baseball.

He had finished the report right before his printer broke.

I had bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview.

Sof铆a had made the presentation before I arrived.

I hadn鈥檛 started studying until it was the day before of the exam.

I hadn鈥檛 woken up around the time when the exam was starting.

My cat had started running to its food briefly following when I served it.

I had bought the fish before it鈥檚 started raining.
She had not provided instructions to her team until she started the meeting.
Many civilizations had lived around the time when they lived with nature.
Workers had completed their tasks briefly following when they received a prize.

She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.

He had finished the report right before his printer broke.

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball.

I had to stayed at home until the rain stopped

he had finished the reoprt right before he his breaks

i had bought a new blouse by the time he had an interview

he had started playing basketball after he quitted playing baseball

My examples:

  • I had packed to go swimming before I started the motorcycle going to the gym.
  • I hadn鈥檛 started a new English course until I finished the actual one.
  • My fan had broken around the time when, I most needed it and I had to buy another one.
  • Yesterday, someone had been briefly following me when I took him a picture and disappeared.
  • She had gone to college around the time when she turned 16.
  • The food arrived briefly following when I had ordered it.

I had trained before my wife arrived.
She had a date with him until she knew that he is married.
I had worked at a sad factory around the time when I was 25 years Old.

1.- I had met my sister-in-law before I met my girlfriend
2.- Mexico had been fine until the new president arrived
3.- people had had more thinking capacity around the time when cellphone didn鈥檛 exist
4.- I had slept briefly following when I finished my work

I had an interview right Before I ate lunch.
She had Selected and recruited human resources Until her company had a bankruptcy.
I had started my current job Around the time when My husband asked me to marry him.
They had started hearing music Briefly following when The realized were about to fall.

  • At least, I had finished reading the book before I returned it.
  • I had not noticed her absence until her boyfriend told me.
  • I had started studying in Platzi around the time I was in school.
  • We had bought our car briefly when we started our business.
  • She had started playing basketball shortly after she quit playing baseball.
  • Fortunately, we had finished the report right before his printer broke.
  • They had bought a new blouse by the time they had an interview with the manager.
    It gives us more complex sentences.

He had gotten his diploma by the time he applied for the job.

My Best friend had quit playing baseball shortly after she tried to start playing basketball.

  • I had eaten right before I came to your house.

  • He had slept until the phone rang.

  • I had drunk around the time when they arrived at the party.

  • I had watched the news briefly following when the police came to my house.

He had quitted playing baseball shortly after he started to play basketball.

I had finished the report rigth before his printer broke.
She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.

I had achieved my ideal weight just before the covid-19 spread.
He had won several tenis prizes until he meet his wife.
She had painted her best peace around the time she got pregnant.
He had run less than 10 k briefly following when he broke his legg.

I had bought criptocurrency by the time almost no body believed in cripto

She hadn鈥檛 finished her ux advanced course when the company offered her a ux job.

I had learnt Copywriting before I learned ux ui design.

I hadn鈥檛 heal my self esteem when I was 20 years old

I hadn鈥檛 been more happier until I returned to take dance classes

I hadn鈥檛 learned driving until I finished my college

I had already jumped before I analyzed the risks of parachutes. Obviously, I had stopped the high risk sports around the time I had my first baby. Since then, I had been full time mom until we found the right babysitter.

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball
I had quit playing baseball shortly after I started playing basketball
Luckily, he had finished the report right before his printer broke
The printer had broken right before she finished the report.
She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with the company

  • I had finished my homework before I started my work day.
  • I had worked on that project until I realized it was 10 pm.

Before I had finished my breakfast, I ended the english course.
The alarm hadn鈥檛 gone off until my Dindo woke up.
I hadn鈥檛 finished the module of the english course around the time when I had to leave.
She hadn鈥檛 read the report briefly following when I gave it to her.

I had finished my report before my boss came in.
David has dropped until it stops raining
My mother has danced around the time when she had known my father.
I had stopped to study in order to work briefly following when I got an increment of money

I had been watching soccer games around the time I was 16

I had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with the company

I had started playing basketball shortly after i quit playing baseball

I had arrived to the bus station right before the bus got there She had not leave the bus until the driver closed the doors I had graduated around the time when my uncle started his company I had met Pedro briefly following when the sun went down

My sister had started playing basketball shortly after she quitted playing baseball.

They had finished the report right before his printer broke

My mom she had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with his new boss


let麓s practice:

I had cooked the dinner before my moms got home

My friend Dairo had held his breath until the end of minute.

He had loved that girl around the time when we were 17 years

You had jumped into the river and then you briefly following when we was lost.

  • I had finished my homework before my husband arrived.
  • I had planned to wash my hair until my husband told me that we had a dinner with their parents at 1.00 o鈥檆lock.
  • I had been a redhead around the time when The Urban Tribe Candys were all the rage.
    -she had spoken faster briefly following when she realized that the meeting was about to end
  • I had overwhelmed before I realized the situation

  • I hadn鈥檛 taked the decision to study English until I was rejected for a job due to my level.

  • I hadn鈥檛 had enough reason around the time when this happened.

  • Since then, I Had taked the decision briefly following when I realized that I wasn鈥檛 good enough like I tought.

  • I had finished dinner before she got home.
  • She had not finished the quiz until the she noticed the teacher was about to finish the class.
  • I had taken basketball classes around the time when Lebrom James was playing in Miami.
  • She had started the new English course at Platzi breafly following when they released the new English challenge.
  • He had started playing basketball shortly after he quitted playing baseball
  • I had finished the report right before his printer broke
  • Ana had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview

  • I had practiced sports before I went to my job
  • I hadn麓t know Platzi until my girlfriend presented it to me
  • They had fought around the time when the war started
  • She had walked briefly following when started to rain so she had to run
  • He had started playing basketball shortly after quitting playing baseball.
  • He had finished the report right before his printer broke.
    -She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.
  • I had finished the markups around the time when I had to finish the project.
  • She had finished before her boss assigned her new tasks.

I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball.
He had finished the report right before his printer broke.
She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview.

  1. I have started studying english before arriving to the US.
  2. He had been at the party until his girlfriend picked him up.
  3. My family had found a place to live around the time they was moving to other country.
  4. The police had been looking for the thieves Briefly following when they left the shop robbed.

She had started playing basketball shortly after she quit playing baseball

路 I had ate breakfast before i opened the Past perfect and adverbial phrases Platzi course.
路 She had sang at the party until they cut the cake.
路 My dog had barked around the time when i got home.
路 He had worked on a project briefly following when the computer turned off automatically.

I had finished my university before I bought a car.
I had completed two tasks until I leaved the room
She had eaten all the food around the time we arrived to the barbecue.
I had run two miles brefly following when they disappered on the jungle

She had started playing Basketball after She quit playing Baseball

They had finished the Report right before their printer broke.

I had started playing basketball, shortly after I quitted playing basketball.

Past perfect tense review:

Refers to actions that were done or accomplished in the past.

Form: Subject + had + past participle

I had performed many prestigious concerts halls when I used to play the saxophone.

First action in the past, the second in simple past.

I had cleaned my room before I took a shower.

I had prayed for twenty minutes, before I made the bed.

They had finished the project, when my boss asked them to present it.

He had finished his son before he uploaded it.

I hadn鈥檛 talked to Cory before he decided on the meeting times.

He hadn麓t finished his Platzi course until they offered him a great job.

Adverbial:

  • A word, phrase or clause that functions as an adverb.

  • Remember, adverbs express some relation of manner or quality.

  • Fortunately, She had done a backup of the system before the server collapsed.

  • They hadn鈥檛 stopped working until they met the set goal in the last meeting, like true professionals.

  • The majority of important clients had started to come around the time when the welcome speech ended and the different technology presentations opened their doors.

  • He had understand the situation briefly following when he left the room.

They had started playing basketball shortly after the other team quit playing baseball.

I had finished the report right before his printer broke.

My sister had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with the company.

I had eaten all the apples before the meeting get canceled.

He had doubted about the text until she was with an expert.

He had bought the tickets around the time when she came to my house.

I was walking my dog briefly following when i meet you.

I had started playing basketball just after i quit playing baseball
Fortunately He had Finished the report right before his printer broke
She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with Apple.

I had ate my breakfast before i went to the bathroom.
I had been getting sick until i went to the doctor.
I started lifting weights around the time when i was in college.
I was getting mad briefly following when the political adds started.

He had started playing basketball a week before he quit the baseball team.
They had finished their reports right before his printer break.
She had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview with the company.

I had approved the test before they started them.
I would never fall in love until I found you
We bought desktop material around the time when I had started to go to the school.
When I had learned to drive a car, my teacher told me you need to follow the rules briefly following when you have problems.

Let鈥檚 practice:

  1. I had had a great time before you told me that bad news
  2. I had been complaining about the heat, until I jumped in the pool
  3. I had thought weather to get pregnant or not around the time when I quit my job in that company

Hi!!

  • I had started playing basketball shortly after I quit playing baseball

  • John had finished the report right before his printer broke

  • Ana had bought a new blouse by the time she had an interview

  1. He hadn鈥檛 been studying before the exam and for it he lost it.
  2. She hadn鈥檛 searched for a job until she felt that it was very necessary to have money.
  3. He had eaten very healthy around the time when he was a high performance athlete.
  4. I remember the day that I was feeling briefly followed when I noticed that the person that was behind me was my mother.
  • I hadn鈥檛 started playing basketball until I quit playing baseball

  • I had finished the report right before his printer broke

  • I hadn鈥檛 bought a new blouse by the time I had an interview