The TOEFL exam assesses test takers’ ability to read and comprehend academic texts in English. The reading section consists of three to four passages, each approximately 700 words in length. The passages are selected from various academic disciplines, such as social sciences, natural sciences, humanities, and business.
Test takers are required to read each passage carefully and answer 10 to 14 questions per passage within a time limit of 60 to 80 minutes. The questions are multiple-choice and may ask the test taker to identify the main idea, supporting details, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose, and/or organization of the passage. Some questions may also require the test taker to make inferences or draw conclusions based on the information in the passage.
The reading section is designed to evaluate the test taker’s reading comprehension skills and ability to extract information from complex texts. Test takers are also assessed on their ability to analyze and synthesize information from multiple sources.
In summary, the reading section of the TOEFL exam assesses the test taker’s ability to read and comprehend academic texts in English and their capacity to answer questions based on the information presented in these texts.