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Apuntes del curso

Luis Miguel
LyWar
21495

Fecha: 03/05/2021

Vocabulary: Clothes for seasons

Winter:

  • Sweater
  • Scarf
  • Coat
  • Boots
  • Wooly hat

Spring:

  • Tee
  • Dress
  • Denim jacket
  • Flats
  • Skirt

Summer

  • T- shirt
  • Sandals
  • Hat
  • Sunglasses
  • Shorts

Fall

  • Vest
  • Scarves
  • Sweater
https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/Winter-f9a35cac-a40a-4dc7-8e04-f037531fb5a5.jpg

Exercises

What season does Camila like?

What season does Ricardo like?

What clothing can you wear in winter?

What clothing can you wear in summer?

Teacher correction:

Hey! You can use some other words to improve:

Camila likes the Winter.

But, Ricardo doesn’t like it. He prefers the Summer.

During the winter, I can wear scarves, coat, boots, cloves, sweaters.

During the Summer season, I can wear sunglasses, sandals, shorts, t-shirt.

Grammar: Can and can´t

https://www.grammar.cl/rules/can-cannot.jpg

Exercises

_____ he wear tees in the winter?

R= Can he wear tees in the winter?

They ____ wear sandals in the spring.

R= They can´t wear sandals in the spring

I ______ wear T-shirt in the summer

R= I can wear T-shirt in the summer

We____ wear sneakers in the fall

We can wear sneakers in the fall

You_____ wear a wooly hat in the summer

You can´t wear a wooly hat in the summer

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/Can-cant-839067bf-a93b-49b7-b045-1264548f236f.jpg

Verb patterns

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/Diapositiva1-f8655391-8716-48d8-97c8-68b211220684.jpg

Let’s practice with some exercises. Complete the sentences using the correct conjugation of the verb in brackets:

  • She ________________ (want) play the guitar.
  • I ________________ (love) cook pasta.
  • We ______________ (enjoy) driving in the main road.
  • I _______________ (not like) waking up early.
  • She _____________ (not like) study French.

Check the answers to the exercise:

  • She wants to play the guitar.
  • I love to cook pasta.
  • We enjoy driving in the main road.
  • I don’t like waking up early.
  • She doesn’t like to study French.

Now decide to use the infinitive (to-) or the gerund (-ing). Complete the exercise:

  • I enjoy ___________________ (run) in the morning.
  • Do you like to __________________ (work) late?
  • He wants ___________________ (make) the report for us.
  • We don’t enjoy ___________________ (drive) to new places.
  • They love _______________________ (play) the guitar.

Check the answers to the exercise:

  • I enjoy running in the morning
  • Do you like to work late?
  • He wants to make the report for us
  • We don’t enjoy driving to new places
  • They love playing the guitar

Teacher: The gerund is the “–ing” form of a verb that the same function as a noun (Example: Learning) and the infinitive form of a verb acts as the basic form or with the word “to” (Example: To learn).
Usually the gerund comes after a preposition and is also used when talking about an activity.

Useful expressions to express likes and dislikes:

  • Love
  • Adore
  • Be crazy about

Tell us about the things you like and dislike using these expressions.

Grammar: Present Simple

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/presentesimple-bc2c6a88-5947-4cfe-a42e-bc897a87afa5.jpg

have a petI don’t have a petDo I have a pet?

Read the sentences and complete the exercise:

a. He doesn’t ____________ a pen.b. She ______________ a car.c. They don’t _____________ a laptop.d. Does he _______________ a pet?e. It _______ wheels.f. We don’t _______________ bikes.

Check the correct answers of the exercise:

a. He doesn’t have a penb. She has a car.c. They don’t have a laptop.d. Does he have a pet?e. It has wheels.f. We don’t have bikes.

Listening exercise: Simple present

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/have_has-d17c73b0-96be-49ae-8e17-c98b7f3c48af.jpg

Listen and complete the sentences with the correct form of the auxiliary or the verb have.

  1. It __________ have wheels.

    it doesn´t have wheels

  2. _________ we have bikes?

    Do we have bikes?

  3. They _________ pens.

    The have pens

  4. Do you ___________ a phone?

    Do you have a phone?

  5. I ___________ a pet.

    I Have a pet

Routines

  • Wake up (Despertarse)
  • Get up (Levantarse)
  • Take a shower ( tomar una ducha)
  • Check email (Revisar email)
  • Have breakfast (Desayunar)
  • Go to work ( ir al trabajo)
  • Have lunch (Almorzar)
  • Have coffee (Tomar un cafe)
  • Drive ( Conducir)
  • Have dinner (Cenar)
  • Watch TV (Mirar Television)
  • Chat (Platicar o charlar)
  • Go to bed ( ir a la cama)
  • Sleep (dormir)

Grammar: Simple present

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/Diapositiva1-a16d3798-5129-4ef0-9b33-272f7bdd5941.jpg

See some examples of how people organize their day.

Remember: Don’t have an s in the conjugation of the verb

I

You

We

They

Examples: I wake up at 6.00 amWe wake up at 6.00 am

Have an s in the conjugation of the verb:

He

She

It

Examples: He wakes up at 6.00 amShe wakes up at 6.00 am

Think about your own routine and create your schedule.

Exercises

  • He doesn’t ___________ a shower early in the morning.
    • He doesn´t takes a shower early in the morning
  • Do they _______________ lunch at the cafeteria?
    • Do they have a lunch at the cafeteria?
  • She ______________ her email in her phone.
    • She checks her email in her phone
  • I _______________ up at 6:00 am
    • I wake up at 6:00 am
  • We ________________ to work by bus
    • We go to work by bus

Exercises 2

I ______________ at 6:00 am. At 6:30 I ___________ a shower. At 7:00 I have breakfast.

John _________ breakfast at 7:00 am. He ___________ to work at 8:00 am. He _______ coffee at 10:00 am.

Andrea __________ dinner at 7:00 pm. She __________ tv and _________ her email at night.

We ____________ at 5:00 am. We ____________ our car to work.They ______________ 8 hours every night.

Anwser:

I wake up at 6:00 am. At 6:30 i take a shower. At 7:00 i have breakfast

John has breakfast at 7:00 am. He goes to work at 8:00 am. He has coffee at 10:00 am

Andrea has dinner at 7:00 pm. She wacthes tv and checks her email at night

We get up at 5:00 am. We drive our car to work. They Sleep 8 hours every night

Organize the sentences:

  • her / doesn’t / check / at / night. / She / email
  • he / a / take / in the morning? / Does / shower / early
  • lunch / They / at / don’t / cafeteria. / have / the
  • work / We / to / by / bus. / go

Anwser

She doesn´t check her email at night

Does he take a shower early in the morning?

The don´t have lunch at the cafeteria

We go to work by bus

Vocabulary: WH Questions

  • Which - Cuál
  • Who - Quién
  • What - Qué
  • When - Cuándo
  • Where - Dónde
  • Why - Por qué
  • How - Cómo
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/12/44/d3/1244d3672dc20158516122e246c91d0f.jpg
  • What: For things or activities
    • What do you do on the weekend?
  • Who: is used for people
    • Who do you work with?
  • When: for events, time or moments
    • When is your birthday?
  • Where: to talk about places
    • Where do you train?
  • Why: to tal about reasons
    • Why do you like candy?
  • How: for processes
    • How do you make cupcakes?
    • How old are you?

Exercises

Complete the sentences:

  1. __________ is the school located? (Place)
  2. __________ do you study English? (Reason)
  3. __________ do you do on Fridays? (Activity)
  4. __________ do you make cakes? (Process)
  5. __________ is the event?

Anwser:

  1. Where is the school located?
  2. Why do you study English?
  3. What do you do on Fridays?
  4. How do you make a cakes?
  5. When is the event?
<h1>Useful expressions: Frequency adverbs.</h1>
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/0b/6a/a8/0b6aa8a4d5c3520c7d12bf1007c91e38.jpg

My childhood

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/My-Childhood%20%281%29-19c700ff-c664-41d2-94c5-73bfad4dab47.jpg
<h1>Vocabulary: Adjectives</h1>
  • Tall = Alto
  • Short = Persona baja
  • Heavy = Corpulento
  • Thin = Delgado
  • Blonde = Rubia
  • Brunette = Morena,una persona, típicamente una mujer, con cabello castaño oscuro.pero puede ser varias cosas dependiendo del contexto:
    • Brunette hair = Pelo castaño
    • Brunette skin = Piel morena
  • Nice = Agradable, pero en este caso, en el que estamos hablando de personas puede ser
    • Nice person = Simpatica
  • Talkative = Hablador
  • Annoying = Fastidioso o que molesta mucho.
  • Outgoing = Extrovertido
  • Shy = Tímido
  • Mean = Puede significar molesto o egoísta
  • En otros casos puede ser intención de transmitir, indicar o referirse a (una cosa o idea en particular); significar
  • Famous = Famoso

https://i.pinimg.com/originals/88/28/e1/8828e1327f528971d65634182a3ec6df.jpghttps://i.pinimg.com/originals/2f/a8/d1/2fa8d123ae6cde7aa2b076487cff74e9.jpghttps://i.pinimg.com/originals/43/f4/a8/43f4a825d5941475af43b5eaa78d9a0d.jpg

Grammar: The Past

  • I was five years old in 1995
  • I wasn’t ten years old in 1995
  • Was I ten years old in 1995?
  • He was a famous baker.
  • He wasn’t a famous baker.
  • Was he a famous baker?
  • They were sales representatives
  • They weren’t sales representatives
  • Were they sales representatives?

We use was with I, he, she and it. We use were with you, we and they.

Exercises

Now let’s practice with some exercises. Read the paragraph and answer the questions:

Yesterday was a great day. I was with my family at the beach. My brother and I were happy because we weren’t at work. My parents were really excited because we were at the beach. The weather was beautiful and the water was warm.

Where were they?Why they were happy?What was the weather like?

Last month at the university I was the teacher of a history course. The contents were really interesting. The students were ten girls and 8 boys. They were between 19-23 years old. The classes were very nice.

What was the course?How old were students?What were the classes like?

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/the-simple-past-time-expresions-and-wh-questions-15-638-ec8cbf3d-06e0-45e5-b188-f38e749b704c.jpg

Useful expressions: Time expressions

  • Yesterday
  • The day before yesterday
  • Last night
  • Last week
  • Last month
  • Last year
https://i.pinimg.com/originals/83/94/ec/8394ec6222dbf4fb0f8e4c11f90de647.jpg

Vocabulary: Last night I…

  • Last night I watched a movie
  • My friends and I cooked at home
  • My wife and I stayed home
  • I worked late
  • My husband and I cleaned the house
  • My roommate studied all night

https://cenathalie.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Verbos-mas-usados-en-ingles.jpghttps://cenathalie.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/25-verbos-mas-usados-en-ingles.jpg

La pronunciación de los verbos regulares en pasado

Artículos y lecciones de gramática en inglés | inglés.com

Grammar: Past Events

how to use verbs in past, we are going to concentrate in regular verbs, the ones that do not change the conjugation in past. Check some examples:

  • He worked late
  • He didn’t work late
  • Why he did work late?
https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/englishSimlePast-3618f613-68c3-4d49-b26a-c7104d648e8c.jpg

Famous people

https://i.ibb.co/kgwsWct/ingl-s-grammar.png

Grammar: Simple past (irregular verbs)

https://gcfglobalidiomas.blob.core.windows.net/idiomas-container/course/en/grammar/image/tabla20verbos20corregida.png

https://www.englishpage.com/irregularverbs/irregularverbs.html

Grammar: Plans for the future

In this lesson you will learn how to use will to talk about plans in the future. Let’s check some examples:

I will go to Germany for the summerI won’t go to Germany for the summerWill I go to Germany for the summer?

Remember for negative you use will not or won’t

https://static.platzi.com/media/user_upload/will-bf366112-6990-41b2-afd6-30a112ad934e.jpg

Useful expressions: Plans for the future

  • Next summer
  • Next month
  • Next year
  • In one year
  • In five years
  • In ten years
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