Aprende Inglés, AI, programación y más.

Antes:$249

Currency
$209
Suscríbete

Termina en:

01d

08h

23m

50s

1

Docker Glossary 🐳

docker.png

Docker, the DevOps Deity

  • Container: A process renting a space in memory. Built off of features of the Linux kernel (cgroups and namespaces).

  • Docker Containers: Builds an image that is retrieved from a repository, based on a control file. Contains only the components necessary to run the image.

  • Hypervisor VM: A traditional virtual machine, exists outside of a guest operating system to intercept the commands sent to the computer hardware.

  • Linux Containers (LXC): Virtualization of a full fledged operating system within linux kernels.

  • Restful API: Allows the developer or user to modularize the components of a transaction or a process.

  • Daemon: The long-term running background process that intermediates between Docker client and Docker registry.

  • Registry: Stores built Docker images to be served to build Docker containers.

  • Docker Hub: The default public registry.

  • Images: Web templates that hold instructions for the Docker daemon on what specifications and dependencies to build the container on.

Docker Installation

  • Docker Toolbox: Creates a small virtual machine instance via virtual box and runs Docker on it.

  • Repository: A location where you can find important files needed to run a program or script.

  • Hyper-V: A Windows feature that can virtualize operating systems and entire hardware components.

Run Docker Instead of Docker Running You

  • Docker CLI: The mode of communication between the user and the Docker service.

  • Docker Commands:

    • docker -v/version - shows the version of Docker installed.

    • docker login/logout - login/logout to your repository.

    • docker ps - for listing Docker containers.

      • ‘-a’ - List all the containers, even the stopped ones.
      • ‘-f’ or ‘–filter’ - Extract the necessary containers only.
    • docker container run - creates a given container on the specified instructions and executes the container so it spawns a process.

    • docker container start - executes an existing container.

    • docker container create - creates a given container on the specified instructions for doesn’t execute it.

    • docker container stop - aborts a running container

    • docker container rm - removes an already stopped container from the Docker container list.

    • docker inspect [container ID/name] - returns information from the lower level than “docker ps/docker container ls”

    • docker stats [options] [container] - shows the docker statistics like resource usage and also can be used to get information about specific containers.

    • docker container run - pulls an image and executes the container created with it.

    • docker container attach [optional flags][container ID/name] - attaches a container that was created or started in interactive mode with pseudo-TTY allocated

    • docker container exec [optional flags][container ID/name][command to be executed] - executes a command from within a given container.

    • docker container cp [source path][destination path] - copies files back a forth between and container and the host machine.

    • docker container stop - gracefully terminates a container (uses both signals SIGTERM & SIGKILL).

    • docker [container/volume/network/image/system] - removes dangling container/data/image/volume

    • docker rmi - removes images

    • docker rmi --rm - runs a container with the condition that the container will be removed if the container stops

    • docker clean up script - stops all containers and removes all Docker components like containers, networks, volumes, dangling images except the downloaded images

    • docker reset script - just as above but removes the downloaded images too.

Docker Universe

  • Dockerfile - Holds instructions on how to build an image
    • docker build [path] -t [tag name] - Used to build Docker image
  • Github - Website that hosts public and private repositories.
  • Git - tracks changes to source code.

Docker Networks

  • Virtual Ethernet Devices (VED) - Allows containers to communicate with each other.
  • Bridge - Aggregates multiple networks, the default network used by docker.
  • Host - Container that is directly connected to the host machine so no port mapping required
  • None - A completely isolated container that contains its own contained network stack
  • Overlay - A network that runs atop of a network, uses a network to create one of its own.
  • MACVLAN - A networking mode that enables assigning a MAC address to a container making it appear as a physical device on the network.
  • docker network - command to manage docker networks.
  • Docker port mapping - To map ports on the host machine to open ports on the container for external communication.
  • docker port - shows the port mapping of a given container.

Docker Volumes

  • Docker Volume - Managed by Docker and use the host system, created in the /var/lib/docker/volumes directory.
  • Bind Mounts - Managed by host, can reference a non-existing piece of data, file or directory.
  • Tmpfs Munts - Non-persistent storage on both the host and container, mounted on the RAM of the host.
  • Docker container run -v or – mount - command to mount media to Docker containers.

Docker Compose

  • Docker Compose - A tool for running and manage multiple containers, gives the ability to start or stop multiple containers with commands as if you were managing a single service.
    • docker-compose up - brings up Docker Compose.
    • docker-compose down - brings down Docker Compose.
    • docker-compose - shows running containers by default.
    • docker-compose restart - restarts Docker Compose.
    • docker-compose top - shows usage statistics of Docker Compose.
  • Portainer - Dock your Containers Visually
  • Portainer - A web UI manager for Docker, can manage containers, networks, volumes and images.
  • User space - Part of memory handling user executed code/programs
  • Kernel space - Handles OS and background processes
  • Type 1 hypervisor - Runs on hardware
  • Type 2 hypervisor - Runs on OS which runs on hardware
  • Network Transmission modes - Simplex, Half-Duplex, Full-Duplex.

Happy Hacking! 👽

Escribe tu comentario
+ 2