Everything about Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses by Franco

++Relative clauses are of two kinds: Defining and Non-defining.

These clauses describe the NOUN in such a way as to distinguish it from other nouns of the same class, which is essential to a clear understanding of the NOUN.

The man who told me this refused to give me his name

**"WHO TOLD ME THIS " ** is the relative clause, if we omit this, it is not clear what man we are talking about.
Notice, that there is no comma between a noun and a defining relative clause.

The noise that he made woke everybody up

Relative pronouns used in defining relative clauses
_They vary in whether they refer to persons or things, do not vary for singular, plural, masculine, or feminine _

For persons: Nominative WHO THAT; that is more used with indefinite pronouns.
Accusative WHOM WHO THAT; whom is the correct form but who is more used.
Possessive ** WHOSE**
For things: Nominative: WHICH THAT
Accusative WHICH THAT
Possessive ** WHOSE OF WICH**

  • The man who robbed you is called Sykes.

  • The girls who serve in the shop are the owner´s daughters.

  • The policeman who reported the accident has red hair.

  • All who heard him were delighted with him.

  • All that heard him were delighted with him.

  • He was the best king who/ that ever sat on the throne.

  • The man whom/ who/ that/ omitted…I saw was called Smith.

  • The man I saw was called Smith

  • The man to whom I spoke (with preposition we can use it formally or…)

  • The man I spoke to…(omit and change the preposition).

  • The man from whom I bought it.

  • the man who/whom I bought it from.

  • The man that I bought it.
    The man I bought it from.

  • People whose rents have been raised can appeal.

For persons

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