Simple present: verb to be

4/21
Recursos
Transcripción

El tiempo presente simple se usa de dos maneras:

  • Con el** verbo to be**
  • Con otros verbos.

En esta oportunidad, vamos a estudiar el tiempo presente simple usando el verbo to be.

El verbo to be es muy importante y significa ser o estar. Este verbo adquiere tres formas en el tiempo presente simple:

  • Am
  • Is
  • Are

En la conjugación de este verbo puedes verificar estas tres formas:

I am
You are
He is
She is
It is
You are
We are
They are

Cuándo se usa el verbo to be

El verbo to be se usa en las siguientes ocasiones:

  • Cuando quieres decir características de las personas, por ejemplo:
    I am Peter.
    You are from Venezuela.
    He is 30 years old.

  • Para decir detalles acerca de las personas, incluyendo emociones y características, por ejemplo:
    I am a man
    You are an important person
    He is happy

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones afirmativas

Estructura gramatical: Pronoun + to be + complement

I am happy / I’m happy.
You are happy / You’re happy.
He is happy / He’s happy.
She is happy / She’s happy.
You are happy / You’re happy.
We are happy / We’re happy.
They are happy / They’re happy.

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones negativas

Estructura gramatical: Pronoun + to be + not + complement

I am not happy / I’m not happy.
You are not happy / You aren’t happy.
He is not happy / He isn’t happy.
She is not happy / She isn’t happy.
You are not happy / You aren´t happy.
We are not happy / We aren’t happy.
They are not happy / They aren’t happy.

Uso del verbo to be en oraciones interrogativas

Estructura gramatical: To be + pronoun + complement + ?

En las oraciones interrogativas el orden de la estructura gramatical cambia. Primero se usa el verbo to be y después el pronombre.

Am I happy?
Are you happy?
Is he happy?
Is she happy?
Are you happy?
Are we happy?
Are they happy?

Otros ejemplos usando el verbo to be

  1. Is he an important person?
    • Yes, he is.
    • No, he isn´t (Negación en forma corta)
    • No, he isn’t an important person (Negación en forma larga)

  2. Am I a teacher?
    • Yes, you are.
    • No, you aren´t (Negación en forma corta)
    • No, you aren´t a teacher. (Negación en forma larga)

El pronombre IT se usa para referirse a animales, objetos o cosas. Por ejemplo:

A hamburger is delicious

  • Affirmative form: It is delicious.
  • Negative form: It isn’t delicious.
  • Interrogative form: Is it delicious?

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Simple present Verb To Be


  • Affirmative sentences

    • I + am + Complement
    • He/She/It + is + Complement
    • You/We/They + are + Complement
  • Negative Sentences

    • I + am not + Complement
    • He/She/It + is not / isn’t + Complement
    • You/We/They + are not / aren’t + Complement
  • Interrogative Sentences

    • Am + I + Complement + ?
    • Is + He/she/It + Complement + ?
    • Are + You/We/They + Complement + ?

I found a good summary of the Verb to Be.

Verb to be

-Affirmative
Person + am/ is / are + complement

-Negative
Person + am / is / are + not + complement

-Interrogative
Am / is / are + Person + complement +?

My practice.

*She is not my sister. It´s correct
*I are at home. It´s not correct.
the correct sentence is: I am at home.
*Are he sad? It´s not correct.
The correct sentence is: Is he sad?
*we no America. It´s not correct.
The correct sentence is: We are not America.
*Is he your brother? It’s correct.

I think I will finish this course this week or maybe today.

My Practice:

  1. She is not my sister (correct)
  2. I are at home (incorrect)
    I am at home
  3. Are he sad? (incorrect)
    Is he sad?
  4. We no American (incorrect)
    We aren’t American
  5. Is he your brother? (correct)

Answers:

  • “She is not my sister” it’s correct.
  • “I are at home” It’s incorrect.
  • “Are he sad?” It’s incorrect.
  • “We no American” It’s incorrect.
  • “Is he your brother?” It’s correct.

Are these sentences correct?

  • She is not my sister ✅
  • I are at home ❌
  • Are he sad? ❌
  • We no American ❌
  • Is he your brother? ✅

Present Progressive

  1. Use the present progressive to describe something that is happening right now. For example:
    I**'m standing** outside the King Theater right now.

Are these sentences correct?
✅ She is not my sister
❌ I are at home
❌ Are he sad?
❌ We no american
✅ Is he your brother?

She is not my sister. Correct.

I are at home. Incorrect.

Are he sad. Incorrect.

We no American. Incorrect.

Is he your brother? Correct.

She is not my sister.correct
I are at home. incorrect
are he sad? incorrect
we no American. incorrect
Is he your brother? correct

She is not my sister = Correct
I are at home = Incorrect
I am at home
Are he sad? = Incorrect
Is he sad
We no American=Incorrect
We are not american
Is he your brother?= Correct

Are these sentenc es correct?

incorrect

  • i are at home
  • are he sad?
  • we no American

correct

  • she is not my sister
  • is he your brother?
  • i am at home
  • is he sad?
  • we aren’t American

I are at home-- Incorrect
I am at home-- correct

Practice!
She is not my sister. It’s correct.
I are at home. It’s not correct.
I’m at home.
Are he sad? It’s not correct.
Is he sad.
We no American. It’s no correct.
We aren’t America.
Is he your brother? It’s correct.

are he sad?-- Incorrect
Is he sad ?-- Correct

We no American. incorrec
We aren’t American–correct

Time to practice:

  • She is not my sister.
  • I am at home.
  • Is he sad?
  • We are not Amercian.
  • Is he your brother?

is he your brothe? correct

  1. She is not my sister = Correct
  2. I are at home= Incorrect
  3. Are he sad= Incorrect
  4. We no American= Incorrect
  5. Is he your brother= Correct

Are these sentences correct ?
She is not my sister - correct
I are at home - incorrect - I am at home
Are he is sad? - incorrect - is he sad?
We no American - incorrect - we are not American
Is he your brother? - correct

  1. She is not my sister: Correct
  2. I are at home: Incorrect
  3. Are he sad?: Incorrect
  4. We no American: Incorrect
  5. Is he your brother?: Correct

we no amercan incorrect
We are not american

Practice:

  • “She is not my sister.” (It’s correct.)
  • “I are at home”. (It’s not correct)
    I am at home. (It’s correct)
  • “Are he sad?.” (It’s not correct)
    Is he sad?. (It’s correct)
  • “We no American.” (It’s not correct)
    We are not American. (It’s correct)
  • "Is he your brother? (It’s correct)

She is not my sister (correct)
I are at home (incorrect)
I am at home
Are he sad? (incorrect)
Is he sad?
We no American (incorrect)
We aren’t American
Is he your brother? (correct)

Excelente clase!!!

  • She is not my sister. Correct.

  • I are at home. Incorrect.

  • Are he sad. Incorrect.

  • We no American. Incorrect.

  • Is he your brother? Correct.

My ansmwers:

  • She is not my sister (correct)
  • I are at home (incorrect), I´m at home.
  • Are he sad ? (incorrect), is he sad?
  • We no American (incorrect), We aren´t American.
  • Is he your brother? (correct)

she is not my sister.
i am at home.
is he sad?
we are american
is he your brother?

I am tired. I am not tired. Am I tired? No, I am not. Yes, I am
She is studios. She isn’t studious. Is She studious? No, she isn’t. Yes, she is.

We no Africa. incorrect
We are not Africans. correct

she are nurse. icorrect
she is a nurse. correct
is she a nurse.
Yes, she is.
No she isn’t

Are these sentences correct?

  1. She is not my sister. (correct).
  2. I are at home. (incorrect).
  3. Are he sad? (incorrect).
  4. We no american. ( incorrect).
  5. Is he your brother? (correct).

The first sentence and the last one are correct-

She is not my sister. - Correct
I are at home. - Incorrect - I am at home
Are he sad? - Incorrect - Is he sad?
We no American. - Incorrect - We are not American.
Is he your brother? - Correct

She is not my sister. Correct
I are at home. Incorrect
Are he sad? Incorrect
We no American. Incorrect
Is he your brother? Correct

i am william name is from el salvador

1.-correct
2.-incorrect
3.-incorrect
4.-incorrect
5.-correct

Is time to practice!
Are these sentence correct?

  1. She is not my sister (correct)
  2. I are at home (incorrect) ----- I am at home
  3. Are he sad? (incorrect) ----- Is he sad?
  4. We no American (incorrect) ---- We aren´t American
  5. Is he your brother? (correct)

CORRECT:

  • She is not my sister.
  • Is he your brother?

INCORRECT:

  • I are at home/ I am at home
    -Are he sad?/ Is he sad?
    -We no American/ We aren´t American

My video is at 8:02, and these are my answers:

  • She is not my sister. (Correct)
  • I are at home. (Incorrect, it should be: I am at home)
  • Are he sad? (Incorrect, it should be Is he sad?)
  • We no american (Incorrect, it should be We aren’t/are not american)
  • Is he your brother? (Correct)

1.- She is not my sister: Correct
Another way could be: She isn’t my sister.
2.- I are at home: Incorrect
The correct verb “to be” form in this case is “am”.
Correct way: I’m at home.
3.- Are he sad: Incorrect
The verb “to be” form in this occasion is incorrect too, should be “is”.
Correct way: Is he sad?
4.- We no american.
This sentence haven’t the verb “to be”, thus also is incorrect.
Correct way: We aren’t american?
5.- Is he your brother? Correct

Shi si not My sister Correcto
I are at home Incorrecto
Are he sad? Incorrecto
We no american incorrecto
Is he your brother correcto

I am happy
She is beautiful
He is an important person
It is delicious
You are strong
We are friendly
They are excited

  1. She is not my sister. (Correct)
  2. I are at home. (Incorrect) => I am at home
  3. Are he sad?. (Incorrect) => Is he sad?
  4. We no American. (Incorrect) => We aren’t Americans
  5. Is he your brother?. (Correct)

She is not my sister Correct
I are at home Incorrect
are he sad Incorrect
we no american Incorrect
Is he your brother Correct

I am happy to learn English 😄

happyn’t

Are these sentences correct?
.

  • She is not my sister. ✔
  • I are at home. ✖ ----- correct answer: I am at home
  • Are he sad? ✖ ----- correct answer: Is he sad?
  • We no American. ✖ ----- correct answer: we aren’t American
  • Is he your brother? ✔
My practice. 1. She is not my sister. Correct. 2. I are at home. Incorrect. I am at home. 3. Are he sad? Incorrect. Is he sad? 4. We no American. Incorrect. We are not American. 5. Is he your brother? Correct.
  1. Correct
  2. Incorrect
  3. Incorrect
  4. Incorrect
  5. Correct

Time To Practice!

Are these sentences correct?

  • She is not my sister → She isn’t my sister
  • I are at home → I’m at home
  • Are he sad? → Is he sad?
  • We no american → We aren’t american
  • Is he your brother? → Is he your brother?

Correct:

  • She is not my sister
  • Is he your brother
    Incorrect:
  • I are at home
  • Are he sad?
  • We no American
congratulationes

Is simple presentación verbal yo be thank you

muchas gracias

I am tall
i am not tall
Am I tall?
yes I am
no, i am not/I’m not

Time to practice:
Are these sentences correct?

  • She is not my sister (correct)

  • I are at home (incorrect)

  • Are he sad? (incorrect)

  • We no American (incorrect)

  • Is he your brother? (correct)

  1. correct
  2. incorrect (i am at home)
  3. incorrect (is he sad?)
  4. incorrect. (we are American)
  5. correct

She is not my sister
I am at home
Is he sad?
We are not American
Is he your brother?

  • I am at home.
  • Is he sad?
  • We are not American.

Morning, here my practice:
She is not my sister. Correct.
I are at home (incorrect) I am at home.
Are he sad? (incorrect) Is he sad?
We no American (incorrect) We are not American.
Is he your brother? Correct.

Time to practice

Correct
Incorrect
Incorrect
Incorrect.
Correct.

She is not my sister (Correct).
I are at home (Incorrect)
Are he sad? (Incorrect)
We no American (Incorrect)
Is he your brother (Correct)

She is not my sister. (Correct)
I are at home. (Incorrect)
Are he sad? (Incorrect)
We no American. (Incorrect)
Is he your brother? (Correct)

  1. She is not my sister. ✓
  2. I are at home. ✘
  3. Are he sad? ✘
  4. We no American. ✘
  5. Is he your brother? ✓

She isn’t my sister.
I am at home
Is he sad?
We aren’t American.
Is he your brother?

She is not my sister.

I are at home. / I am at home.

Are he sad? / Are you sad? // Is she sad?

We no American. / We are not American.

Is he your brother?

She is not my sister.(correct)
I are at home (incorrect).I am at home.
Are he sad?.(incorrect). Is he sad?.
We no American.(incorrect). We are not American.
Is he your brother?.(correct).

She is not my sister - Correct
I are at home - Incorrect: I am al home
Are he sad? - Incorrect: Is he sad?
We no American - Incorrect: We are not American
Is he your brother? - Correct

She isn’t my sister
I’m at home
Is he sad?
We aren’t American
Is he your brother?

She is not my sister. Correcto
I are at home. -> I am at home
Are he sad ? -> Is he sad ?
We no American. -> We aren’t American
Is he your brother ? Correcto

She is not my sister. --> correct
I are at home. --> incorrect
are he sad? -->incorrect
we no American. --> incorrect
Is he your brother? --> correct

Are these sentences correct?
She is not my sister = CORRECT
_I are at home _= INCORRECT
Are he sad? = INCORRECT
We no American = INCORRECT
Is he your brother? = CORRECT

She is not my sister = Correct
I are at home = Incorrect
I am at home
Are he sad? = Incorrect
Is he sad
We no American=Incorrect
We are not american
Is he your brother?= Correct

1.- correct
2.- incorrect
3.- incorrect
4.- incorrect
5.- correct

1. It's Correct 2. It's Incorrect - I'm at home 3. It's Incorrect - Is he sad? 4. It's Incorrect - We aren't American 5. It's Correct

les doy el consejo de poner el video en 0.85x para poder entender todo lo que dice

Correct

  • She is not my sister.

  • Is he your brother?

Incorrect

  • I are at home.

  • Are he sad?

  • We no American

-his is a teacher.

  • he isn´t a teacher.
    -is he a teacher?

IT…
is using for:
things
animals.
objects

it is a delicius
it isn´t a delicius
is it a delicius?

She is not my sister : This is correct
I are at home : This isn’t correct
The correct sentence is **I am at home **
Are he sad? : This isn’t correct
The correct sentence is Is he sad?
We no American : This isn’t correct
The correct sentence is We are not American
Is he your brother: This is correct

She is not my sister. (correcto) I are at home. (incorrect) Are he sad. ( incorrect) We no American. ( incorrect) Is he your brother. ( correct)
I studied the verb to be for 5 year in the college. I didn't understand why people never learned it.

Are these sentences correct?
She is not my sister - Correct.
I are at home - Incorrrect.
Are he sad? - Incorrect.
We no American - Incorrect.
Is he your brother? - Correct.

  1. She is not my sister. correct
  2. I are at home. the correct sentence is: I am at home.
  3. Are he sad? The correct sentence is: Is he sad?
  4. we no America. The correct sentence is: We aren’t America.
  5. Is he your brother? correct.

i are at home incorrect
i am at home

she is not you sister? coorrect

* She is not my sister - Correct * I are at home - Incorrect * Are he sad - Correct * We no American - Incorrect * Is he your brother? - Correct

She is not my sister (correct)
I are at home (incorrect) I am at home
Are he sad? (incorrect) Is he sad?
We no american (incorrect) we aren´t american
is he your brother? (correct)

She is not my sister. correct
I are at home. the correct sentence is: I am at home.
Are he sad? The correct sentence is: Is he sad?
we no America. The correct sentence is: We aren’t America.
Is he your brother? correct.

  1. correct. she is not my sister
  2. incorrect. I am at home
  3. incorrect. Is he sad?
  4. incorrect. We are not/aren´t American.
  5. correct. Is he your brother?
  1. She is not my sister. Correct
  2. I are at home. I am at home.
  3. Are he sad? Is he sad?
  4. We no American. We aren’t American.
  5. Is he your brother? Correct

She is not my sister. It is correct
I are the home. It is not correct
Are he sad? . It is not correct
We no american. It is not correct
Is he your brother?. It is correct

The first and last sentences are corrects, but the others sentences are not corrects

4. Simple present: Verb To Be

Here I share my notes 📝 of the class:


The present tense: Verb to Be // Other Verbs

Verb “to be”: To give characteristics, we use Am, Is, Are.

  1. I am: I am, I’m not, Am I? Yes, she is. // No, she isn’t.
  2. He: He is, He isn’t, Is he? Yes, he is. // No, he isn’t.
  3. It: It is, It isn’t, Is it? Yes, it is. // No, it isn’t.
  4. You: You are, You aren’t. Are you? Yes, you are. // No, you aren’t.
  5. We: We are, We aren’t. Are we?, Yes, we are. // No, we aren’t.
  6. They: They are, They aren’t. Are they?, Yes, they are. // No, they aren’t.

Practice: Correct, Incorrect, Incorrect, Incorrect, Correct.

Here I share an image related to this class 🖼️:

The correct sentences are…
She is not my sister
I’m at home
Is he sad?
We aren’t American
Is he your brother?

Hi, my practice
She is not my sister. It is correct sentence
I are at home. It isn’t correct; the correct sentence is: I am at home
Are he sad? Is isn’t coreect; the correct sentence is: Is he sad?
We no American. It isn’t correct sentece; the correct sentence is: We aren’t American
Is he your brother? It is correct sentence