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Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns

15/22
Recursos

Los pronombres reflexivos (reflexive pronouns) son utilizados cuando el objeto es el mismo que el sujeto del verbo.

Personal pronoun Reflexive pronoun
I myself
you yourself
he himself
she herself
it itself
we ourselves
you (plural) yourselves
they themselves

Verbos comunes para utilizar pronombres reflexivos

Existen algunos verbos que por su significado tienden a referirse al mismo sujeto, los m谩s comunes son:

amuse blame
cut dry
enjoy help
hurt introduce
kill prepare
satisfy teach

Ejemplos utilizando pronombres reflexivos

I help me.
I help myself.

鉂 Be careful with that knife, you might hurt you.
鉁 Be careful with that knife, you might hurt yourself.

鉂 Would they like to pour them a drink?
鉁 Would they like to pour themselves a drink?

驴Cu谩ndo no utilizar pronombres reflexivos?

No se utilizan los pronombres reflexivos despu茅s de verbos que describan acciones que la gente usualmente realiza para s铆 mismos. Por ejemplo, vestirse, es una acci贸n que en la mayor铆a de los casos se lo puede hacer uno mismo.

  • He always shaved before going to bed.
  • Kim got dressed and got ready for the party.

Sin embargo, se puede utilizar los pronombres reflexivos, si se quiere realizar un 茅nfasis sobre la acci贸n.

  • She dressed herself, even though she鈥檚 only three.
  • He is old enough to shave himself.

Pronombres rec铆procos

Los pronombres rec铆procos (reciprocal pronouns) se utilizan para expresar una acci贸n mutua entre dos o m谩s personas u cosas. Los pronombres rec铆procos son: each other y one another. Ambos pronombres se emplean indistintamente.

Sentence 1: Mark helped John.
Sentence 2: John helped Mark.
Complete sentence: Mark and John helped each other.

Diferencia entre pronombres reflexivos y rec铆procos

No confundir con los pronombres reflexivos, la oraci贸n tiene un significado diferente dependiendo del tipo de pronombre que se utilice.

We sent one another a gift. (se dieron un regalo mutuamente)
We sent ourselves a gift. (cada uno se di贸 un regalo a s铆 mismo)

Ana and Cesar talk to each other regularly. (mutuamente)
Ana and Cesar talk to themselves regularly. (a s铆 mismos)

Ejercicio de writing

Escribe una oraci贸n para las siguientes condiciones:

  • Refer to the subject
  • Emphasize
  • Reciprocal pronouns

隆Comparte tu trabajo en la secci贸n de aportes!

Contribuci贸n creada por Andr茅s Guano (Platzi Contributor).

Aportes 160

Preguntas 5

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驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

they loved each other

When the object is the same as the subject of the verb.

We don鈥檛 use a reflexive pronoun after verbs which describe things people usually do for themselves.
However, we can do it to emphasize.

Reciprocal pronouns
Each other / One another

  • Since i learnt about nutrition, i麓ve been having care of myself

  • I麓ll do it by myself

  • Tony and Rebeca loves each other, but neither of them know that

  1. You can take all you want, but that tv i鈥檒l take it to myself.
  2. My dog is meek enough that can run in the park by itself.
  3. Jade and candy are playing with each other gently in the park.

Let鈥檚 Practice:

  • Reflexible pronouns
    Take time to enjoy yourself
  • Emphasize
    He has learned himself to speak english
  • Reciprocal
    In platzi we share knowledge to each other regularly
1. If I have to cook, you will serve yourself. 2. My dog used the pad, even though is his first day at home. 3. Every Christmas day, we gave gifts each other.
  • Would you like to drive by yourself until gas station?
  • He can drink all the beer of party by himself
  • We stayed on classroom working on a project at night, each other on own laptop

Reflexive Pronouns 馃摋

I - Myself

You - Yourself

He - Himself

She - Herself

It - Itself

We - Ourselves

You (plural) - Yourselves

They - Themselves

How to use Reflexive Pronouns 馃煝

  • We use them when the object is the same as the subject of the verb.

Examples:

  1. Be careful with that knife, you might hurt yourself.
  2. Would you like to pour yourself a drink?

Common verbs to introduce reflexive pronouns 馃崗

  1. Cut.
  2. Enjoy.
  3. Hurt.
  4. Kill.
  5. Satisfy.
  6. Dry.
  7. Help.
  8. Prepare.
  9. Teach.
  10. Introduce.

Some rules 馃ガ

  1. There is a big rule; We don鈥檛 use reflexive pronouns when a verb contain an action done by someoneself implicit.
    • However, we can make a emphasize in some cases.

Reciprocral Pronouns 馃摋

  • Each other.
  • One another.

Each other 馃ガ

Mark helped Jhon.

Jhon helped Mark.

  • Mark and Jhon helped each other.

    We use it at the end of sentence.

One another 馃挌

I sent Ana a gift.

Ana sent me a gift.

  • We sent one another a gift.
    • We use it at the middle of sentence.

Differences 馃敨

  1. To each other in this case means; Ana talks to Cesar, and Cesar talks to Ana.
  2. Themselves i this case; Ana talks to herself, Cesar talks to herself.
  • My daughter are teaching herself English.
  • She is smart enough to learn herself
  • She and I helped each other.

I know her by social media.
She told me she can fly a plane by herself.
Juan and Maria hate one another

  • You shouldn鈥檛 drink and drive. You might have an accident and hurt yourself.
  • My niece bathes herself, even though she is only 6 years old.
  • My mom and my dad bought the same christmas present for each other.
  1. My uncle usually blames himself for the accident.
  2. My nephew plays himself the guitar really excellent, even though he has only practiced for two weeks.
  3. Maria Paula and me gave one another a book for Christmas.
  • Every day you can talk to yourself.
  • He does it by himself.
  • They love each other.

I have been study pythom by myselft because I want a new you

I麓m the old enought to learn python by myselft

My wife and I help each other to do all the home duties

  • You need to stop blaming yourself, it鈥檚 not your fault.
  • He is bathing himself, surprisingly he鈥檚 only two.
  • What a beautiful couple, they are always helping each other
* You could hurt yourself if you try to jump that fence * Ana puts on makeup herself * My parents have been together for many years, they love each other a lot
  • If you don鈥檛 stop playing with fire, you will burn yourself.
  • I can brush by myself even though I only have one arm.
  • My girlfriend and I love each other.

I work for myself everyday
I perfectly capable to brush my own theeth
My boyfriend and me love each other

  • My brother comb his hair himself.

  • I can learn english myself.

  • They take care each other.

  • Lisa gave herself a gift.
  • My boss praised himself for the successful conclusion of the project.
  • I could send my son to the store, but I prefer to buy all by myself.
  • Tom insisted in finish the baking himself.
  • They looked into each other鈥檚 eyes.
  • To the end of the mass, everyone gives one another the peace salutation.

Reflexive

  • Last semester she was teaching herself how to eat better.

Emphasize

  • He is too ill to walk himself.

Reciprocal

  • We play soccer with one another on different teams.
  1. take care of yourself
  2. He is painting a draw of himself
  3. we love one other as too much as them
  4. I can buy myself flowers and write my name in the sand
  • Jonas will travel around the country with his motocycle, i can do it by myself, but i don鈥檛 have one.

  • I helped my cousin to move his new refrigerator, is too heavy to do it himself.

  • My cousin and i grew up together, like brothers, always helping each other.

My practice

  • He found the keys by himself.
  • She broke her arm, so she couldn鈥檛 eat by herself very easily.
  • Marco and Maria gave each other a gift.

What鈥檚 the difference between using 鈥渆ach other鈥 and 鈥渙ne another鈥

  • 鈥淓ach other鈥 is used to refer to two people or things. For example, 鈥淛ohn and Mary hugged each other鈥
  • 鈥淥ne another鈥 is used to refer to more than two people or things. For example, 鈥淭he members of the team congratulated one another鈥.
  • I鈥檓 learning English by myself outside of courses
  • Many people are willing to lie, even to themself, to feel better sometimes
  • We can help each other to learn almost any skill

I鈥檓 careful with the shave tool because I can hurt myself if i do a wrong motion

She鈥檒l do it by herself

We love each other

  • The people say that house is haunted, the lights turn on and off themselves
  • My nephew hasn鈥檛 grown enough to brush his teeth himself
  • The last time I hung out with a friend, we showed new notebook games to each other

-You shouldn鈥檛 have your phone near while studying, you might distract yourself.
-This movie is home-made, the director said they did it by themselves with a low average.
-Everyone in my room help each other on the exercises.
-My parents bought one another a gift.

  • In times of unknown musing I discover myself.
  • He outdid himself despite being just a kid.
  • Every day all the members of my family greet each other.
  • He always take care himself.
  • Would you like to dress yourself?
  • My husband and I helped each other.
  • It is necessary to take a break for ourselves.
  • He did his first scientific paper by himself, even if he鈥檚 just a freshman.
  • They take care of each other since they live together.

We look after each other.
They enjoy by themselves.
He brushes himself even though he is only 4.

  • My husband hurt himself when he cut the tomatoes for a new recipe.

  • My son puts on his shoes himself, he is early 3 yeas old.

  • My friend Astrid and I share the same books of each other.

I don鈥檛 like to stay with her, because she鈥檚 always talking about herself
Plants feed by themselves
We have to take care one another

She is looking at herself.
She is combing herself.
They are looking at each other.

  1. My friend blames himself for the breakdown of his marriage
  2. Mi wife eats her cake herself
  3. People gives gift one another on Christmas

He introduce herself before to start his speech
My sister is old enough to balance herself
We wrote one another a letter

Ana and Carlos prepare themselves food.
Ana and Carlos prepare each other food.

  • in the first class we had to introduce ourselves
  • even though he is sick, he brushed his teeth himself
  • we don麓t have to fight each other
  • I want to do this myself

  • My cat is so smart to take a shower itself.

  • We chat each other everyday.

  • I talk to myself every night
  • The dog can stand up like an human by itself
  • Ana and Jose love each other

I take care of myself

We fight each other often

are too big to defend themselves

-Would you like to take care of yourself?
-He is as old as us, he can pay it by himself.
-We love each other.

  1. You can find yourself in a hurry if you do not your homework now.

  2. Mi cousin only has 2 years and he take a shower himself.

  3. A couple need to love each other to strengthen the relationship.

  1. Go ahead, introduce to you by yourself.
  2. He can take a bath by herself even though he鈥檚 injured.
  3. Miriam and Javier helped each other

My sentences:

He prefer did all by himself. The experience tech that to him.

Plz dont move, you can hurt yourselves.

They call one another at the same time.

Tomas and i think that its important to work each otrher for separate, but in differents task, what it means, that we need to approach the time cauze the problem that we had in tour hands it鈥檚 too big. Then, than we have some knowlegd we can tell one another what we have.

  • I build my house myself

  • My granpa have so autonomie that he can eat himself.

  • Juan and Miguel care their sons each other

1 Condici贸n: I cut myself my finger

2 Ang茅lica got dressed herself, even though she has just been operated
3. My son and I love each other

1. My son did his homework himself. 2. Peter and Mary love each other. 3. He bought himself a new tablet.

what a great party! Did you prepare everything yourself?
She learned to read by herself.
My mother and sister talk to each other every day.

1.- he introduce himself perfectly with that hip hop base.

2.- she prepare herself everyday for the Thriatlon.

3.-they blow up themselves after they seen that movie.

1. She paid herself for her work. 2. She cleaned her house herself even though her arm is broken. 3. Emily and Joana blame each other for the accident.
  • Mary is rare, she always speaks with herself

  • The girls brush their hair each other

  • The new teacher introduces herself in the group

  • My son is growing up quickly, he eats himself his meals and takes showers himself

  • i can do the work meself
  • she like doing her job only herself
  • i and my wife love one another

Exercise:

  • Could you introduce yourself?
  • Mary cleaned her huse by herself, normally she contract to someone.
  • My wife and I love each other and also we suport each other.
  • I talk to myself regularly.
  • She is old enough to do her homework by herself.
  • They鈥檝e been avoiding each other lately.
  • I talk to myself every day. It is necessary for my personal growth.

  • The Universe and i love each other.

  • She is old enough to go to the bathroom herself.

I compliment myself every morning in front of the mirror.
She completed the project on time by herself even though she was totally exhausted.
Daniel and Ana don鈥檛 talk to one another since then.

  • I would like to ride Bmx, but I might urt myself
  • I Always washed my teeths after every meal
  • In PLatzi one another share knowledge

Refer to the subject.
I cook myself since I鈥檝e lived alone. So that is the reason I cook not to bad.

Emphasize.
She brush her teeth herself even though she鈥檚 old.

Reciprocal pronouns.
Pedro and Susan blame one another because they lost the fly.

Thanks!

  1. You have to moving on by yourself, nobody came and salves you.
  2. She baths herself, even shes only four
  3. We suport each other all the time

About the exam you used only yourself knowledge.
He pased the exam only with himself .
They supported each other.

  • Today, I prepared dinner for myself.
  • You can walk yourself, you鈥檙e not a baby.
  • My boyfriend and I lave each other.

-Refer to the subject: I amused myself
He killed himself.

-Emphasize: She can pour some coffe herself
He can dry his hands himself
-Reciprocal pronouns:
They amused each other.
we love each other
they satisfy each other.
They blame each other.

  • We are first ourselves before others.

  • First myself before you.

  • He himself looked for it

hello

馃憤馃憤

good

* Congratulations, you prepare yourself for this moment. Enjoy it!

My mom and my dad they love each other.
I did my homework by myself.
I made a cook by myself.
My nice dressed herself.

  • I麓ll motivate myself not to give up and reach my goals.

  • John is old enough to do his homeworks by himself.

  • During the exam, Luisa and Mark copied each other.

If I want to improve my English, I need to encourage myself.
Cats and dogs hate each other.
Be careful with the lie, you might hurt your heart yourself

  • Do blame yourself, it is not your fault.
  • He can eat himself a whole cake
  • We can spend a lot of time alone with each other

He鈥檚 dancing with himself.
He dance with himself even though the room is full of people.
We dance with each other.

I help myself to learn about fix problems
He can cook himself and doesn鈥檛 need anything

  1. I鈥檓 giving myself a break.
  2. The first person who must care about you is yourself.
  3. At the time, Ukraine and Russia are fighting one another.
  • It鈥檚 necessary you think of yourself when you have to choose
    an career option.

  • if you want to help yourself, you should give yourself a
    vacation.

  • I have been cooking the dinner by myself.

  • Whe I was younger, sometimes my parents lent me to drees upu myself.

  • Some person like to dance of way and, they take their arms each other and dance spinning in the dancefloor.

  • it鈥檚 a good idea to talk to yourself, when you have some problem and don鈥檛 see the leave

t

woho

amazing

Marcos always reflect in the morning about himself. The more important is think well of oneself. Cristian and Sofia was fall in love the one another.
  1. He is teaching himself English.
  2. I do the homework by myself.
  3. Me and my girlfriend sent one another WhatsApp messages.

Very good

good

they loved each other

Let鈥檚 Practice:

Reflexible pronouns
Take time to enjoy yourselfEmphasize
He has learned himself to speak englishReciprocal
In platzi we share knowledge to each other regularly

Would you like to drive by yourself until gas station?He can drink all the beer of party by himselfWe stayed on classroom working on a project at night, each other on own laptop

When the object is the same as the subject of the verb.

  • One using a reflexive pronoun.

    • You are going to get yourself killed
  • One emphasizing.

    Look! He鈥檚 just 4 and he is already capable of tie his shoes by himself.

  • One with reciprocal pronouns.

    • Suddenly, they kissed each other.

I鈥檓 dancing with myself

.

PLATZYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYYY

P

She demonstrates herself, that she can drive the situation
He is old enough to brush himself
My girlfriend and I love each other

Good ecplication

Very good
1. Do it yourself, it is easy 2. My son is so younger to take responsibility himself. 3. My wife and I love each other
it love