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Adverbs and adjectives

14/26
Recursos

Si a煤n no tienes clara las diferencias entre adjetivos y adverbios, no te preocupes, ahora lo comprender谩s.

Los adjetivos describen las cualidades de un sustantivo.
Por ejemplo: The cat is lazy. Estamos dando una cualidad del gato: es perezoso.

Los adverbios describen c贸mo se realiza una acci贸n.
Por ejemplo: The cat runs quickly. Estamos describiendo qu茅 tan r谩pido corre el gato: r谩pidamente

  • Los adverbios suelen tener la forma de un adjetivo + 鈥y鈥 al final de la palabra.
  • Suelen ser adverbios de modo (slowly / lentamente) y de grado (totally / totalmente).

Ejemplos de adjetivos y adverbios

Adjetivo Traducci贸n Adverbio Traducci贸n
Patient Paciente Patiently Pacientemente
Horrible Horrible Horribly Horriblemente
Nervous Nervioso Nervously Nerviosamente
Quick R谩pido Quickly R谩pidamente
Shy T铆mido Shyly T铆midamente
Lazy Perezoso Lazyly Perezosamente
Loud Ruidoso Loudly Ruidosamente
Quiet Callado Quietly Calladamente
Comfortable C贸modo Comfortably C贸modamente
Cheerful Alegre Cheerfully Alegremente

Observemos c贸mo cambian los adjetivos cuando los convertimos en adverbios:

  • calm 鈫 calmly
  • honest 鈫 honestly
  • beautiful 鈫 beautifully
  • easy 鈫 easily
  • tragic 鈫 tragically
  • terrible 鈫 terribly
  • hard 鈫 hard

Excepci贸n: hard no se convierte en hardly

Seguramente te diste cuenta de que hard no cambia de forma. Esto es porque es tanto un adjetivo como un adverbio. Cuando es un adverbio, significa que necesita o utiliza mucho esfuerzo f铆sico o mental.

Por ejemplo:

I studied hard for my exams but didn鈥檛 do very well. / Estudi茅 mucho para mis ex谩menes pero no me fue muy bien.
We have worked hard all day. / Hemos trabajado mucho durante todo el d铆a.

Hardly鈥 es otro adverbio, pero no significa 鈥mucho esfuerzo f铆sico o mental鈥. 鈥淗ardly鈥 suele significar 鈥apenas鈥 o "casi".

I had a terrible night, I hardly slept. / Tuve una noche terrible, apenas dorm铆.
It was raining so hard that I hardly saw your face. / Llov铆a tanto que casi no vi tu cara.

Hardly ever鈥 es un adverbio de frecuencia que significa: no muy a menudo o casi nunca.

He hardly ever smiles / El casi nunca sonr铆e.

Contribuci贸n creada con aportes de: Jos茅 Miguel Veintimilla.

Aportes 295

Preguntas 18

Ordenar por:

驴Quieres ver m谩s aportes, preguntas y respuestas de la comunidad?

o inicia sesi贸n.

An image can help us better understand the difference between adverbs and adjectives:

I鈥檓 totally desagree with your opinion.
Honestly, I think the color black is a beautifully color.
The exam was so easily that I don鈥檛 had to do it so quickly.

I didn鈥檛 know that an adverb could modify an adjective 馃槷
The more I learn, the less I think I know 馃槼
Does anyone else have the same feeling? 馃
Let me tell you that we have to try it harder 馃挭馃憣馃馃挌

Honestly, I don鈥檛 want to go back to college.

Hello teacher, I leave here my words

  • calmbly (camly) 鉂

  • honestly (honestly) 鉁旓笍

  • beautifully (beautifully) 鉁旓笍

  • easily (easily) 鉁旓笍

  • tragicly (tragicaly) 鉂

  • terribly (terribly) 鉁旓笍

  • hardly (hard) 鉂

Wow, of these I learn

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hardly hard

Another thing that I鈥檝e learned 'til now, the adverb for the word 鈥渉ard鈥 is the same, I thought it was 鈥渉ardly鈥, but no鈥 We always learn, human brain is so fantastic鈥

My practice:

  • Calm - Calmly 鉁旓笍
  • Honest - Honestly 鉁旓笍
  • Beautiful - Beautifully 鉁旓笍
  • Easy - Easily 鉁旓笍
  • Tragic - Tragically 鉁旓笍
  • Terrible - Terribly 鉁旓笍
  • Hard - Hardly 鉂 (Hard)

I didn鈥檛 know that 鈥渉ard鈥 as an adverb doesn鈥檛 change 馃槺

14. Adverbs and adjectives

  • Adjectives: To describe nouns, people.
  • Adverbs: To describe how you do something, or to describe adjectives.

Practice:

  1. calm calmly
  2. honest honestly
  3. beautiful beautifully
  4. easy easily
  5. tragic tragically
  6. terrible terribly
  7. hard hardly

Thanks to f1 driver Esteban Ocon I will never forget the difference between hard and hardly.
Ocon uses the incorrect word choice to great effect

Humbly saying鈥

.

  • With Platzi, it鈥檚 a patiently learning process, that challenges you comfortably and cheerfully to be a stronger self-disciplined person. Those that look for a loudly successful way are confined to suffering, others who find out a new couch potato source will still do everything lazily.

I honestly believe that we can achieve our goals if we work together.

  • I honestly don鈥檛 think there is a solution to this problem.
  • You can easily prepare a meal.
  • Traffic is terribly at this hour.
  • Calm 鉃 Calmly
  • honest 鉃 honestly
  • beautiful 鉃 beautifully
  • easy 鉃 easily
  • tragic 鉃 tragically
  • terrible 鉃 terribly
  • hard 鉃 hardly 馃榿 hard

I think I will always come back to this class because of this easily understandable explanation.

I try to study calmly.

Juan is quiet.
Juan play quietly.

Calm - Calmly 鉁旓笍
Honest - Honestly 鉁旓笍
Beautiful - Beautifully 鉁旓笍
Easy - Easily 鉁旓笍
Tragic - Tragically 鉁旓笍
Terrible - Terribly 鉁旓笍
Hard - Hardly 鉂 (Hard)

Interesting class

Let麓s practice

  • Calm - Calmly

  • Honest - Honestly

  • Beautiful - Beautifully

  • Easy - Easliy

  • Tragic - Tragically

  • Terrible - Terribly

  • Hard - Hard

  1. adverbs:
    adjetive + ly

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hard.

  • calmly
  • honestly
  • beautifully
  • easily
  • tragically
  • terribly
  • hardly

the king鈥檚 lazy horse
I鈥檓 totally tired today

  • Calm ------ Calmly
  • Honest ---- Honestly
  • Beautiful 鈥 Beautifully
  • Easy ------- Easily
  • Tragic ------ Tragically
  • Terrible ---- Terribly
  • Hard -------- Hard

calmly
honestly
beautifully
easily
tragically
terribly
hard

  • I cook terribly.
  • This exam is extremely difficult.
  • This exam is slightly difficult.
  • I drive slowly.
  • This class is hard.
  • I work hard.

Hardly no seria tambien aceptado de Hard. ???


Hardly would not also be accepted from Hard ???

  • Calmly
  • Honestly
  • Beautifully
  • Easily
  • Tragically
  • Terribly
  • Hardly.

how to form adverbs adding -ly to adjectives

  • by adding -ly to adjectives. Ejm:
    Honest ------ honestly
    fair ------------ fairly

  • if the adjective ends in consonant + y, change the y to an i and add -ly. Ejm:
    happy --------happily
    lucky----------luckily

  • If the adjective ends in ic, ad -ally. exj:

automatic ------automatically
dramatic--------dramatically

*If the adjective ends in le, change the e to ly. examples

possible鈥ossibly
incredible-------incredibly

*If the adjective ends in l, double the/ and add -ly. examples:

beautiful---------beautiully
careful-----------carefully

*Some adverbs have the same form as adjectives: examples

fast, left, hard, right, outside

calm 鈫 calmly
honest 鈫 honestly
beautiful 鈫 beautifully
easy 鈫 easily
tragic 鈫 tragically
terrible 鈫 terribly
hard 鈫 hard

The play ended tragically with the death of the main character.
He took a deep breath and spoke calmly to the angry customer.

I like eat, specially meat and pasta.
My father loves cars, mostly European cars.
My mother prefers to travel comfortably in seats back of the car.

Good lecture.

Calm / Calmly
Honest / Honestly
Beautiful / Beautifully
Easy/Easily
Tragic/Tragically
Terrible / Terribly
Hard/Hard

鈥淗OW TO FORM ADVERBS ADDING LY TO ADJECTIVES鈥

  1. Calm - Calmly 鉁旓笍
  2. Honest - Honestly 鉁旓笍
  3. Beautiful - Beautifully 鉁旓笍
  4. Easy - Easily 鉁旓笍
  5. Tragic - Tragically 鉁旓笍
  6. Terrible - Terribly 鉁旓笍
  7. Hard - Hardly 鉂 (Hard)

Notice:
Some words finished in -ly are adjetcives and cannot be used like adverbs, for example:
The cat is a lonely animal.
This is an ugly house.

What a good class

Let鈥檚 practice!

Calm / Calmly
Honest / Honestly
Beautiful / Beautifully
Easy / Easily
Tragic / Tragically
Terrible / Terribly
Hard / Hard

calm 鈫 calmly
honest 鈫 honestly
beautiful 鈫 beautifully
easy 鈫 easily
tragic 鈫 tragically
terrible 鈫 terribly
hard 鈫 hard

examples class:
I cook terribly.
This examen is extremelly difficult
This exam is slightly difficult or extremally difficult

adverbs and adjectives
examples class
calm : calmly
Honest: Honestly
beautiful: beatifully
easy: easily
tragic:tragically
terrible: terribly
hard: hard

Interesting about 鈥渉ardly鈥.

Practice:

  • I鈥檓 understanding slowly.
  • The day is beautifully sunny.
  • The avatar movie is excitingly good.
  • I work comfortably.
  • The news is terribly bad.
calm calmly honest honestly beautiful beautifully easy easily tragic tragically terrible terribly hard hardlyo,
calm- calmly honest-honestly beautifull-beautifully easy- easly tragic- tragically terrible- terribly Hardy - hard

Calmly
Honestly
beautifully
easily
tragically
terribly
hard

Calmly
Honesty
beautifully
easily
tragically
terribly
hard

camly, honestly, beautifully, easily, tragically, terribly, hard

I cook terribly too.
This exam is extremly difficult.

ADVERBS
SLOW - SLOWLY
manner
TOTAL - TOTALLY
degree

-Practice
calm - calmly
honest - honestly
beautiful - beautifully
easy - easily
tragic - tragicALly
terrible -terribly
hard - hard(DOESN鈥橳 CHANGE!)

My practice:
Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
hard

  • Calmly

  • Honestly

  • Beautifully

  • Easily

  • Tragically

  • Terribly

  • Hard

calm 鈫 calmly
honest 鈫 honestly
beautiful 鈫 beautifully
easy 鈫 easily
tragic 鈫 tragically
terrible 鈫 terribly
hard 鈫 hard

鈥淗ard鈥 is an adjective like an adverb.

Hay un peque帽o error en la descripci贸n, estaba leyendo acerca de hard y hay dos ejemplos donde lo ponen como adverbio y adjetivo, pero en su traducci贸n no se ve la diferencia del uno al otro, fue muy confuso al principio pero despu茅s vi que posiblemente se debi贸 usar la palabra 鈥渄uro鈥 en vez de 鈥渕ucho鈥

Great course!!!

Calmly Honestly Beautifully Easily Tragically Terribly Hardly hard

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hardly hard

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hard.

calm 鈫 calmly
honest 鈫 honestly
beautiful 鈫 beautifully
easy 鈫 easily
tragic 鈫 tragically
terrible 鈫 terribly
hard 鈫 hard

鈥淗ard鈥 is an adjective like an adverb.

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hard.

Create adverbs from these adjectives.
.

  1. Calmly
    .
  2. Honestly
    .
  3. Beautifully
    .
  4. Easily.
    .
  5. Tragically.
    .
  6. Terribly.
    .
  7. Hard.
  • Calm - Calmly 鉁旓笍
  • Honest - Honestly 鉁旓笍
  • Beautiful - Beautifully 鉁旓笍
  • Easy - Easily 鉁旓笍
  • Tragic - Tragically 鉁旓笍
  • Terrible - Terribly 鉁旓笍
  • Hard - Hardly 鉂 (Hard)
  • Calmly
  • Honestly
  • Beautifully
  • Easily
  • Tragically
  • Terribly
  • Hardly

The adverb also modify the adjetives.

Class notes:

Adjetives: they give atributes to a nouns.

Adverbs: They categorize an action.

calm = calmly honest = honestly beatiful = beatifully

I Calmly walked and hug him
Honestly, she don麓t like me
She danced beautifully all night
The semester is easily passed
The bus tragically ran over it, and lost my console
Lost my wallet terribly in the bus
Is very hard don麓t find work

Hello ticher
Where is you book? I exactly no remember.
  • calm -> calmly.
  • honest -> honestly.
  • beautiful -> beautifully.
  • easy -> easily.
  • tragic -> tragically.
  • terrible -> terribly.
  • hard -> hardly.
  • Calmly
  • Honestly
  • Beautifully
  • Easily
  • Tragically
  • Terribly
  • Hardly
  • calmbly (camly)

  • honestly (honestly)

  • beautifully (beautifully)

  • easily (easily)

  • tragicly (tragicaly)

  • terribly (terribly)

  • hardly (hard)

Calmly honestly beautifully easily tragically terribly hard
  • Calm - Calmly
  • Honest - Honestly
  • Beautiful - Beautifully
  • Easy - Easily
  • Tragic - Tragically
  • Terrible - Terribly
  • Hard - Hard
  • calm 鈫 calmly

  • honest 鈫 honestly

  • beautiful 鈫 beautifully

  • easy 鈫 easily

  • tragic 鈫 tragically

  • terrible 鈫 terribly

  • hard 鈫 hard

Calmly
Honestly
Beautifully
Easily
Tragically
Terribly
Hardly hard

I鈥檓 totally desagree with your opinion.
Honestly, I think the color black is a beautifully color.
The exam was so easily that I don鈥檛 had to do it so quickly.

馃憤馃憤

Calm/ Calmly
Honest/ Honestly
Beautiful/ Beautifully
Easy/ Easily
Tragic/ Tragically
Terrible/ Terribly
Hard/ Hard

Calm 鉃 Calmly
honest 鉃 honestly
beautiful 鉃 beautifully
easy 鉃 easily
tragic 鉃 tragically
terrible 鉃 terribly
hard 鉃 hardly 馃榿 hard

Hello teacher, I leave here my words

calmbly (camly) 鉂

honestly (honestly) 鉁旓笍

beautifully (beautifully) 鉁旓笍

easily (easily) 鉁旓笍

tragicly (tragicaly) 鉂

terribly (terribly) 鉁旓笍

hardly (hard) 鉂

Wow, of these I learn

this class is very assertive to learn

thanks you for class

g

ef

d

b c

a

Thanks

Good

I didn鈥檛 know that an adverb could modify an adjective 馃槷
The more I learn, the less I think I know 馃槼
Does anyone else have the same feeling? 馃
Let me tell you that we have to try it harder 馃挭馃憣馃馃挌

BTS members sing beautifully.

i work hard

thank you teacher

Most adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of the related adjective. Exceptionally, words which end in -ble drop off the -e before -ly is added.

Calm/ Calmly
Honest/ Honestly
Beautiful/ Beautifully
Easy/ Easily
Tragic/ Tragically
Terrible/ Terribly
Hard/ Hard